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India (India) (search for this): chapter 6
inst religion, the corporation was unfortunate, though private merchants were gaining wealth in the Carnatic and on the Ganges. The brave mariner from St. Malo, the enterprising La Bourdonnais, from his government in the Isle of France, had devised schemes of conquest. But the future was not foreseen; and, limited by instructions from the French ministers to make no acquisitions of territory whatever, though, with the aid of the governor of Pondicherry, he might have gained for Mills, British India, III. Raynal Voltaire. France the entire ascendency in Hindostan, he pledged his word of honor to restore Madras to the English, in the very hour of victory, when he proudly planted the 1746 Sept. flag of France on its fortress, and made himself master of the city which, next to Goa and Batavia, was the most opulent of the European establishments in India. Russia, also, was invoked to take part in the contest; and, in her first political associations with our country, she was on the
Georgia (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
ns for establishing the Colony of Georgia, in Georgia Hist Coll. i. 213 formed a partnership with rt, its patron ascended the boundary river of Georgia, and chose for the site of his chief town thehorpe, who, for near a twelve- New Voyage to Georgia. month, sought no other shelter. In the midss of America. Thus began the commonwealth of Georgia. Von Reck, in Urlsperger, i. 184 The humane rrounding Indian nations. His absence left Georgia to its own development. For its franchises, ls of the great numbers of Moore's Voyage to Georgia. red and the mocking bird, and the noisy mirtng that, if negroes should be introduced into Georgia, he would have no further Tailfer, 36. conce on the Stephens's Journal of Proceedings in Georgia, II. 67-142 Von Reck, 30-33. Spalding, 263. lose of the year, to extend the boundaries of Georgia once more to the St. John's, and immediately, its favor, as essential to the prosperity of Georgia; even the poorest people earnestly desired U[31 more...]
Scotland (United Kingdom) (search for this): chapter 6
s benefactions; the king expressed interest in a province which bore his name. While the jealousy of the maritime powers on the continent was excited, new emigrants continued to be sent from England. The voice of mercy reached the Highlands of Scotland; and a company of Gaelic mountaineers, as brave as the bravest warriors of the Creek nation, some of them kindred to the loyalists who fell victims to their fidelity to the Stuarts, embarked for America, and established New Inverness, in Darien,e wind has just sprung up, throwing the heaving billows into tumultuous conflict. The absence of purity in public life extinguished attachment to the administration, and left an opportunity to the Pretender to invade Great Britain, to conquer Scotland, to advance within four days march of London. This invasion had no partisans in America, where the house of Hanover was respected as the representative of Protestantism. In England, where monarchy was established, the vices of the reigning fam
New Castle, Ky. (Kentucky, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
the honor of Walpole, that he dared to resist the clamor of the mercantile interest, and, opposing the imbecile duke of Newcastle, boldly advocated the acceptance of the convention. It requires no great abilities in a minister, he exclaimed, to purcticut. Repairing to Louisburg, Shirley, with Warren, had concerted a project for reducing all Canada; and the duke of Newcastle replied to their proposals by direct- 1746 ing preparations for the conquest. The colonies north of Virginia voted to. inactivity which attends the expectation of peace; and in September, the provincial army, by direction of the duke of Newcastle, was disbanded. Men believed that England, from motives of policy, had not desired success. There is reason enough fotrangely with the imperial magnificence of the congress of Aix la Chapelle. And yet God had selected, not Kaunitz, nor Newcastle, not a monarch of the house of Hapsburg, nor of Hanover, but the Virginia stripling, to give an impulse to human affair
Saxony (Saxony, Germany) (search for this): chapter 6
ustrian succession. The pragmatic sanction, to which France was a party, secured the whole Austrian dominions to Maria Theresa, the eldest daughter of Charles VI.; while, from an eru<*> genealogy or previous marriages, the sovereign of Spain, of Saxony, and of Bavaria, each derived a claim to the undivided heritage. The interest of the French King, Chap XXIV} his political system, his faith as pledged by a solemn treaty, the advice of his minister, demanded of him the recognition of the righn did not look beyond a choice of dynasty. America was destined to choose, not between kings, but between forms of government. On the continent France gained fruitless victories. Her flag waved over Prague only to be struck down by Austria. Saxony, Bavaria, her allies on the borders of Austria, one after another, abandoned her. The fields 1745 1746 1747 of blood at Fontenoy, at Raucoux, at Laffeldt, were barren of results; for the collision of armies was but an unmeaning collision of brut
East India (search for this): chapter 6
Indifferent to alliances with powers which, having no fixed aims, could have no fixed friendships; he entered into the contest, and withdrew from it, alone. Twice assuming arms, and twice con- 1742. 1745. cluding a separate peace, he retired, with a guaranty from England of the acquisitions which, aided by the power of opinion, constituted his monarchy the central point of political interest on the continent of Europe. Nor was the war limited to Europe and European colonies; in the East Indies, the commercial companies of France and England struggled for supremacy. The empire of the Great Mogul lay in ruins, inviting a restorer. But who should undertake its reconstruction? An active instinct urged the commercial world of England to seek a nearer connection with Hindostan; again the project of discovering a north-western passage to India was renewed; and, to encourage the 1742-1747. spirit of adventurous curiosity, the English parliament promised liberal rewards for success.
Connecticut (Connecticut, United States) (search for this): chapter 6
setts, after some hesitation, resolved on the 1745 Jan. expedition by a majority of one vote. Solicited to render assistance, New York sent a small supply of artillery, and Pennsylvania of provisions; New England alone furnished men; of whom Connecticut raised five hundred and sixteen; New Hampshire—to whose troops Chap. XXIV.} Whitefield gave, as Charles Wesley had done to Oglethorpe, the motto, Nothing is to be despaired of, with Christ for the leader—contributed a detachment of three hunil at Antigua declined the enterprise, when instructions from England bade him render every aid to Massachusetts; and, learning at sea the embarkation of the troops, he sailed directly to Canseau. The next day arrived nine ves- 24. sels from Connecticut, with the forces from that colony, in high spirits and good health. On the last day of April, an hour after sunrise, the armament, in a hundred vessels of New England, entering the Bay of Chapeaurouge, or Gabarus, as the English called it,
Savannah River (United States) (search for this): chapter 6
s, exclusively, without the dangerous help of blackamoors. Three years afterwards, in the excited season of English stockjobbing and English anticipations, the suggestion was revived. When Carolina became, by purchase, a royal 1728 province, Johnson, its governor, was directed to mark Purry's Description of S Carelina, 1731. out townships as far south as the Alatamaha; and, in 1731, a site was chosen for a colony of Swiss in the ancient land of the Yamassees, but on the left bank of the Savannah. The country between the two rivers was still a wilderness, over which England held only a nominal jurisdiction, when the spirit of benevolence Reasons for establishing the Colony of Georgia, in Georgia Hist Coll. i. 213 formed a partnership with the selfish passion for extended territory, and, heedless of the objection that the colonies would grow too great for England, and throw off their dependency, resolved to plant the sunny clime with the children of misfortune,—with those who in E
Antigua (Antigua and Barbuda) (search for this): chapter 6
ributed a detachment of three hundred and four; while the forces levied for the occasion by Massachusetts exceeded three thousand volunteers. Three hundred men sailed from Rhode Island, but too late for active service. Of Common dore Warren at Antigua, an express-boat requested the cooperation with such ships as could be spared from the Leeward Islands; but, on a consultation with the captains of his squadron, it was unanimously resolved by them, in the absence of directions from England, notin such heaps that a vessel could not enter its harbors, the New England fleet was detained many days at Canseau,—when, under a clear sky and a bright sun, the squadron of Commodore Warren hap- April 23. pily arrived. Hardly had his council at Antigua declined the enterprise, when instructions from England bade him render every aid to Massachusetts; and, learning at sea the embarkation of the troops, he sailed directly to Canseau. The next day arrived nine ves- 24. sels from Connecticut, wi
St. Simon (France) (search for this): chapter 6
ing Georgia. It collected its forces from Cuba, and a large fleet, with an armament of which the force has been greatly Oglethorpe's Letters. McCall, i. 196. exaggerated, sailed towards the mouth of the St. Mary's. Fort William, which Oglethorpe had constructed at the southern extremity of Cumberland Island, defended the entrance successfully, till, fighting his way through Spanish vessels, which endeavored to intercept him, the general himself reinforced it. Then, promptly returning to St. Simon's, having no aid from Carolina; with less than a thousand men, by his vigilant activity, Chap. XXIV.} trusting in Providence, he prepared for defence. We are resolved not to suffer defeat—such was his cheer- 1742 June 24. Nachricht vom Einfall der Spanier in Georgien, <*> Urlsperger II. 1254. ing message to Savannah;—we will rather die, like Leonidas and his Spartans, if we can but protect Carolina and the rest of the Americans from desolation. And, going on board one of the little v
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