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Browsing named entities in a specific section of George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 4, 15th edition.. Search the whole document.

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Horatio Sharpe (search for this): chapter 8
eadly aim, at the fair mark offered by the compact body of men beneath them. None of the English that were engaged would say they saw a hundred of the enemy, H. Sharpe to Baltimore. Aug. 1755. and many of the officers, who were in the heat of the action the whole time, would not assert that they saw one. H. Sharpe to SecretH. Sharpe to Secretary Calvert, 11 August, 1755. The combat was obstinate, and continued for two hours with scarcely any change in the disposition of either side. Memorandum. On the Sketch of the Field of Battle, No. 2. Had the regulars shown courage, the issue would not have been doubtful; but terrified by the yells of the Indians, and dispirn of Fort Cumberland by Dunbar, threw the people of the central provinces into the greatest consternation. Lt. Gov. Dinwiddie to Lords of Trade, 6 Sept. 1755. H. Sharpe to C. Calvert, July, 1755. The Assembly of Pennsylvania immediately resolved to grant fifty thousand pounds to the king's use, in part by a tax on all estates, r
on the isthmus in two forts,—one, a small stockade at the mouth of the little river Gaspereaux, near Bay Verde; the other, the more considerable fortress of Beau-Sejour, built and supplied at great expense, upon an eminence on the north side of the Messagouche, on the Bay of Fundy. The isthmus is here hardly fifteen miles wide, and formed the natural boundary between New France and Acadia. The French at Beau-Sejour had passed the previous winter in unsuspecting tranquillity, ignorant of the preparations of the two crowns for war. As spring approached, suspicions were aroused; but De Vergor, the inefficient commander, took no vigorous measures for stre the passage of the Messagouche, the intervening river. No sally was attempted by De Vergor; no earnest defence was undertaken. On the twelfth, the fort at Beau-Sejour, weakened by fear, discord, and confusion, was invested, and in four days it surrendered. Lieutenant-Governor Lawrence to the Lords of Trade, 28 June, 1755. By
Contrecoeur (search for this): chapter 8
y, when a very heavy and quick fire was heard in the front. Aware of Braddock's progress by the fidelity of their scouts, the French had resolved on an ambuscade. Twice in council the Indians declined the enterprise. I shall go, said De Beaujeu, and will you suffer your father to go alone? I am sure we shall conquer; and, sharing his confidence, they pledged themselves to be his companions. Relation depuis le Depart des Troupes du Quebec, jusqu'au 30 Sept. 1755. At an early hour, Contrecoeur, the commandant at Fort Duquesne, detached De Beaujeu, Dumas, and De Lignery, with less than two hundred and thirty French and Canadians, and six hundred and thirty-seven savages, Zzz of the troops, and on the hills which overhung the chap. VIII.} 1755. right flank, invisible, yet making the woods re-echo their war-whoop, fired irregularly, but with deadly aim, at the fair mark offered by the compact body of men beneath them. None of the English that were engaged would say they saw
been separated from their squadron, fell in with the British fleet off Cape Race, the southernmost point of Newfoundland. Between ten and eleven in the morning of the eighth, the Alcide, under Hocquart, was within hearing of the Dunkirk, a vessel of sixty guns, commanded by Howe. Are we at peace or war? asked Hocquart. The French affirm, that the answer to them was, Peace, Peace; till Boscawen gave the signal to engage. Precis des Faits, 278. Walpole's Memoires of Geo. II., i., 889. Barrow's Life of Howe. Howe, who was as brave as he was taciturn, obeyed the order promptly; and the Alcide and Lys yielded to superior force. The Dauphin, being a good sailer, scud safely for Louisburg. Nine more of the French chap. VIII.} 1755. squadron came in sight of the British, but were not intercepted; and, before June was gone, Dieskau and his troops, with De Vaudreuil, who superseded Duquesne as governor of Canada, landed at Quebec, Vaudreuil was a Canadian by birth, had served in Can
to his country. Who is Mr. Washington? asked Lord Halifax a few months later. I know nothing of him he added, but that they say he behaved in Braddock's action as bravely as if he really loved the whistling of bullets. Halifax to Sir Charles Hardy 31 March, 1756. The Virginia troops showed great valor, and were nearly all massacred. Of three companies, scarcely thirty men were left alive. Captain Peyronney and all his officers, chap. VIII.} 1755. down to a corporal, were killed; of Polson's, whose bravery was honored by the Legislature of the Old Dominion, only one was left. But those they call regulars, having wasted their ammunition, broke and ran, as sheep before hounds, leaving the artillery, provisions, baggage, and even the private papers of the general, a prey to the enemy. The attempt to rally them was as vain as to attempt to stop the wild bears of the mountain. Report of the Court of Inquiry and Washington's Letters. Thus were the English most scandalously beat
es, inasmuch as they had been forced into the service, amnesty was stipulated. The place received an English garrison, and, from the brother of the king, then the soul of the regency, was named Cumberland. The petty fortress near the river Gaspereaux, on Bay Verde, a mere palisade, flanked by four blockhouses, without mound or trenches, and tenanted by no more than twenty soldiers, though commanded by the brave De Villerai, could do nothing but capitulate on the same terms. Meantime, Captain Rous sailed, with three frigates and a sloop, to reduce the French fort on the St. John's. But before he arrived there, the fort and dwellings of the French had been abandoned and burned, and he took possession of a deserted country. Thus was the region east of the St. Croix annexed to England, with a loss of but twenty men killed, and as many more wounded. No further resistance was to be feared. The Acadians cowered before their masters, hoping forbear- chap. VIII.} 1755. ance; willing
S. Martin (search for this): chapter 8
and relieve their parents, of mothers mourning for their children. The wanderers sighed for their native country; but, to prevent their return, their villages, from Annapolis to the isthmus, were laid waste. Their old homes were but ruins. In the district of Minas, for instance, two hundred and fifty of their houses, and more than as many barns, were consumed. The live stock which belonged to them, consisting of great numbers of horned cattle, hogs, sheep and horses, J. Pownall to S. Martin, 25 March, 1760, in Nova Scotia. B. T. 36. were seized as spoils and disposed of by the English officials. A beautiful and fertile tract of country was reduced to a solitude. There was none left round the ashes of the cottages of the Acadians but the faithful watch-dog, vainly seeking the hands that fed him. Thickets of forest-trees choked their orchards; the ocean broke over their neglected dikes, and desolated their meadows. Relentless misfortune pursued the exiles wherever they fl
ght never occur; so he advised against receiving any of the French inhabitants to take the oath, and for the removal of all of them from the province. Mr. Chief Justice Belcher's Opinion in Council as to the removal of the French Inhabitants in Nova Scotia, 28 July, 1755. That the cruelty might have no palliation, letters ar region south of the Ristigouche; Petition of the French Acadians at Miramichi, presented to De Vaudreuil, the Governor of Canada, in July 1756. Compare Lieut. Gov. Belcher to Lords of Trade, 14 April, 1761. some found rest on the banks of the St. John's and its branches; some found a lair in their native forests; some were cha May, 1760. When Canada surrendered, hatred with its worst venom pursued the fifteen hundred, chap. VIII.} 1755. who remained south of the Ristigouche. Lieut. Gov. Belcher to Lords of Trade, 14 April, 1761. Once those who dwelt in Pennsylvania presented a humble petition to the Earl of Loudoun, then the British commander-in-ch
Thomas Gage (search for this): chapter 8
ain, and stood between the rivers that form the Ohio, only ten miles distant from their junction. A detachment of three hundred and fifty men, led by Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Gage, Gage to Albemarle, 24 July, 1755, in Keppel's Keppel, i. 213. and closely attended by a working party of two hundred and fifty, under St. Clair, aGage to Albemarle, 24 July, 1755, in Keppel's Keppel, i. 213. and closely attended by a working party of two hundred and fifty, under St. Clair, advanced cautiously, with guides and flanking parties, along a path but twelve feet wide, towards the uneven woody country that was between them and Fort Duquesne. Journal of General Braddock's Expedition, in British Museum, King's Lib. vol. 212. The general was following with the columns of artillery, baggage, and the main bodtimore, August, 1755. Of eighty-six officers, twenty-six were killed,—among them, Sir Peter Hal- chap. VIII.} 1755. ket,—and thirty-seven were wounded, including Gage 1755 and other field-officers. Of the men, one half were killed or wounded. Braddock braved every danger. His secretary was shot dead; both his English aids wer
hat the work was done, congratulated the king that the zealous endeavors of Lawrence had been crowned with an entire success. Lords of Trade to the King, 20 Dec. 1759. Same to Gov. Lawrence. We are extremely sorry to find, that notwithstanding the great expense which the public has been at in removing the French inhabitants, there should yet be many of them remaining. It is certainly very much to be wished, that they could be entirely driven out of the Peninsula. I know not if the annals of the human race keep the record of sorrows so wantonly inflicted, so bitter and so perennial, as fell upon the French inhabitants of Acadia. We have been true, they said of themselves, to our religion, and true to ourselves; yet nature appears to consider us only as the objects of public vengeance. From a petition of those at Miramichi, in Memoires sur les Affaires du Canada. The hand of the English official seemed under a spell with regard to them; and was never uplifted but to curse them.
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