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Massachusetts (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 17
Chapter 40: Virginia comes to the aid of Massachusetts.—Hiillsbo-rough's Administration of the Coloniesd. A part of the Ministry wished the Charter of Massachusetts abrogated; and the lawyers declared that nothinuiescence. The plan for altering the Charter of Massachusetts on which Hillsborough had been definitively resoyed in the Colonies again; and the government of Massachusetts was to be confided to Hutchinson, a town-born ciHillsborough, same date. While the people of Massachusetts were filled with grief and indignation at the cownall, the predecessor of Bernard as Governor of Massachusetts, stepped forward in the House of Commons to propegislature in America. Hutchinson's Hist. of Massachusetts, III. 494. The Resolves were call in manner,ncient Dominion been silent, I will not say that Massachusetts might have faltered; but mutual trust would have them to perseverance. Hutchinson's Hist. of Massachusetts, III. 233. The next morning the Assembly had
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 17
hase any imported. These associations were signed by Peyton Randolph, Richard Bland, Archibald Cary, Robert Carter Nicholas, Richard Henry Lee, Washington, Carter Braxton, Henry, Jefferson, Nelson, and all the Burgesses of Virginia there assembled; Burk's History of Virginia, III. 348, 349. and were then sent throughout the country for the signature of every man in the Colony. Compare Washington to Colonel Bassett, Mount Vernon, 18 June, 1769; in Maxwell's Virginia Historical Register, III. 220. The voice of the Old Dominion roused the most temperate Province of Pennsylvania, from its slum- Chap. XL.} 1769. May. bers to express through its merchants their approval of what had been done. Delaware did still better. Her Assembly adopted the Virginia Resolves word for word, John Dickinson to Richard Henry Lee, 22 June, 1769. Life of R. H. Lee, i. 76, 77. Francis Alison to Ezra Stiles, 1 August, 1769. and every Colony South of Virginia in due time followed the example.
Grafton, W. Va. (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 17
communicated to me by Lady Charlotte Lindsay. He was so much dissatisfied with Grafton's vote on this occasion, that from that time he was more forward to dictate hi will to the Duke, than to inquire first the Duke's opinion on any measure; Grafton's Autobiography, III. 34. and Lord Camden also sank much in the royal estimation. Grafton's Autobiography, III. 34. The most questionable acts of Lord North's public career, proceeded from an amiable weakness, which followed him through lifto give his deciding vote in the Cabinet against the repeal, which the Duke of Grafton, the head of his Board, had proposed and advocated. Besides the Autobiography of the Duke of Grafton, compare the speeches of the Duke of Grafton and of Weymouth in the House of Lords, 5 March, 1776; in Force VI. 312. Now, indeed, the dGrafton and of Weymouth in the House of Lords, 5 March, 1776; in Force VI. 312. Now, indeed, the die was cast. Neither the Bedford party, nor the King meant to give up the right to tax; and they clung to the duty on tea, as an evidence of their lordly superiorit
Amsterdam (Netherlands) (search for this): chapter 17
fence would require, without any dependence on Europe but for necessary protection, would be a tempting spectacle for the English Colonies; and ex- Chap. XL.} 1769. March hibited at their very gates, will hasten the epoch of their revolution. Du Chatelet to Choiseul, 17 March, 1769. Idee sur l'opposition trouvee par les Espagnols à la Louisiane. But while the statesmen of France were pleasing themselves with the thought of founding at New Orleans a commercial republic like Venice or Amsterdam, as a place of refuge for the discontented of every creed and tongue, Spain took counsel only of her pride. The world must see that I, said the Catholic King, unaided, can crush the audacity of sedition. Grimaldi to Fuentes, 1769; Gayarre, II. 267. Aware of the wishes of the French Min isters, he concealed his purpose by making no military preparations at Cadiz, and dispatched Alexander O'Reilly in all haste for Cuba, with orders to extirpate the sentiment of independence at New Orlean
Halifax (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 17
afton, and by the complaints of the merchants at the diminution of exports, were content with the Parliamentary sanction of their measures, wished the controversy with the Colonies well over, and sought to lull them into acquiescence. The plan for altering the Charter of Massachusetts on which Hillsborough had been definitively resolved, Hutchinson to J. Williams of Hatfield, 29 January, 1769. was for the present, laid aside; discretionary orders were transmitted to Gage to send back to Halifax the two regiments, which were brought from that station, and to restore the regular rotation by sending two other regiments to Ireland. Hillsborough to Gage, 24 March; 1769. Bernard was given up and recalled with a promise to the London merchants that he should not be employed in the Colonies again; and the government of Massachusetts was to be confided to Hutchinson, a town-born citizen of Boston. New-York was to be secured by a confirmation of its jurisdiction over Vermont, and the pe
Mexico (Mexico, Mexico) (search for this): chapter 17
Governors, the little esteem in which they themselves are held, the few offices which they are permitted to fill; they would hate still more the Spanish rule, and would think to brave it with security. If by improving the government of the Mexican Provinces and the condition of their inhabitants, we should avoid the fatal revolution, Louisiana would still trade with the harbors on our coast, and also by land with Texas and New Mexico, and through them with Old Mexico. Between Louisiana and Mexico, there are no established limits; the rebels, if they remain as they are, will have a pretext for claiming an arbitrary extension of territory. Gayarreas Louisiana, III. 255, 256. He therefore advised to reduce the colony, but to keep New Orleans in such insignificance as to tempt no attack. The King accepted the decision of his Cabinet; adding his fear lest the example of Louisiana should influence the colonies of other powers, in which he already discerned the rising spirit of sediti
Orleans (France) (search for this): chapter 17
countries more firmly to their metropolis. The example of happiness will allure them to the independence towards which they tend. By leading them to confide in France and Spain, they will dare more and dare sooner. Nothing can better persuade to this confidence than to establish liberty in Louisiana, Idee sur Popposition trouvee par les Espagnols à la Louisiane. Archives Francaises, Angleterre. and to open the port of New Orleans to men of all nations and all religions. La Nouvelle Orleans seroit ouverte à toutes les Nations, et à toutes les religions. The passion for extended dominion must not hide from Spain, that a discontented and ill guarded Colony cannot arrest the march of the English, and will prove an unprofitable expense. Were we to take back Louisiana, our best efforts could effect less than the charm of liberty. Without the magic of liberty, the territory will never become more than a simple line of demarkation. Severity would throw it into despair and into
Patrick Henry (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 17
he gave his assent to his own humiliation. The day on which Parliament was prorogued, Chap. XL.} 1769. May. saw the Legislature of Virginia assembled at Williamsburgh. Great men were there; some who were among the greatest; Washington, Patrick Henry, and for the first time, Jefferson. Botetourt, the only Governor who had appeared in Virginia within memory, proceeded to open the session, drawn in a state coach by six white horses; he was in perfect harmony with the Council; the House of minable measure, Botetourt to Hillsborough, 19 May, 1769. summoned them and said: I have heard of your Resolves, and augur ill of their effects; you have made it my duty to dissolve you, and you are dissolved accordingly. Wirt's Life of Patrick Henry, 104. The Burgesses of Virginia, having finished what they could do in their official capacity, met together as patriots and friends, with their Speaker as Moderator. They adopted the Resolves which Washington had brought with him from M
Mount Vernon, Knox County, Ohio (Ohio, United States) (search for this): chapter 17
iot party, would next have renewed the resolves, which had occasioned the dissolution of the last Assembly; but he was himself ousted from the present one, because he did not reside within the manor for which he had been returned. Yet amidst the conflict of factions, the system of nonimportation was rigorously carried out. The merchants of Philadelphia, now unanimously adopted the agreement, which a few months before they had declined. The movement spread steadily towards the South. At Mount Vernon, Washington tempered yet cheered and animated those around him. Our lordly masters in Great Britain, said he, will be satisfied with nothing less than the deprivation of American Chap. XL.} 1769. April. freedom. Something should be done to maintain the liberty which we have derived from our ancestors. No man should hesitate a moment, to use arms in defence of so valuable a blessing. Yet arms should be the last resource. We have already proved the inefficacy of addresses to the thro
Havana (Cuba) (search for this): chapter 17
Chapter 40: Virginia comes to the aid of Massachusetts.—Hiillsbo-rough's Administration of the Colonies continued. March—May, 1769. the decision of the King of Spain had been Chap. XL.} 1769. March hastened by tidings of the rebellion in New Orleans, which engaged the most earnest attention of his Council. Grimaldi to Fuentes in Gayarre. The Cabinet, with but one dissentient, agreed that Louisiana must be retained, as a granary for Havana and Port Rico, a precaution against the contraband trade of France, and a barrier to keep off English encroachments by the indisputable line of a great river. Still more, said the Duke of Alba, the world and especially America must see that the King can and will crush even an intention of disrespect. If France should recover Louisiana, said Masones de Lima, she would annex it to the English Colonies, or would establish its independence. Gayarreas Louisiana, III. 248, 249. A republic in Louisiana, such was D'Aranda's carefully
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