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Browsing named entities in a specific section of George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 7, 4th edition.. Search the whole document.

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cted to the continental con- Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. gress, Galloway of Philadelphia was so thorough day of September, the mem- Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. bers of congress, meeting at Smith's tavern, mit pleased. Henry, a repre- Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. sentative of the largest state, intimated thatr constituents are bound only Chap. XI.} 1774 Sept. in honor to observe our determinations. I canable to procure proper mate- Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. rials for ascertaining the importance of each s, John Adams, and others of Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. New England, who believed that a rude soldieryor the king's right to grant Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. them has itself been denied. Besides, the rigberation, and Galloway hoped Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. the two parties would remain on an equal balanust soon be chosen, they ex- Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. pressed their trust that the united efforts ofoverruled Lord North, and on the last day of September suddenly dissolving parliament, he brought o[1 more...]
September 5th (search for this): chapter 12
liament. Yet there was great diversity of opinions respecting the proper modes of resisting the aggressions of the mother country, and conciliation was the ardent wish of all. The South Carolinians greeted the delegates of Massachusetts as the envoys of freedom herself; and the Virginians equalled or surpassed their colleagues in resoluteness and spirit; but all united in desiring to promote the union of Great Britain and the colonies on a constitutional foundation. On Monday the fifth day of September, the mem- Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. bers of congress, meeting at Smith's tavern, moved in a body to select the place for their deliberations. Galloway, the speaker of Pennsylvania, would have had them use the State House, but the carpenters of Philadelphia offered their plain but spacious hall; and from respect for the mechanics, it was accepted by a great majority. The names of the members were then called over, and Patrick Henry, Washington, Richard Henry Lee, Samuel Adams, John Ad
September 17th (search for this): chapter 12
illiant abilities, is equal to most men in popular intrigue, and the management of a faction. He eats little, drinks little, sleeps little, and thinks much, and is most decisive and indefatigable in the pursuit of his objects. He was the man who, by his superior application managed at once the faction in congress at Philadelphia, and the factions in New England. One express had brought from Massachusetts the proceedings of Middlesex; another having now arrived, on Saturday, the seventeenth of September, the delegates of Massachusetts laid before congress the address of the Suffolk county convention to Gage, on his seizure of the provincial stock of powder and his hostile occupation of the only approach to Boston by land; and the resolutions of the same convention which declared that no obedience was due to the acts of parliament affecting their colony. As the papers were read, expressions of esteem, love and admiration broke forth in generous and manly eloquence. In language w
nd founded the power of government on property in land. Behind all these views lay the question of the power of parliament over the colonies. Dickinson, not yet a member of congress, was fully of opinion that no officer under the new establishment in Massachusetts ought to be acknowledged, but advocated allowing to parliament the regulation of trade upon principles of necessity, and the mutual interest of both countries. A right of regulating trade, said Gadsden, true to the principle of 1765, is a right of legislation, and a right of legislation in one case is a right in all; and he denied the claim with peremptory energy. Amidst such varying opinions and theories, the congress, increased by delegates from North Carolina, and intent upon securing absolute unanimity, was moving with great deliberation, and Galloway hoped Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. the two parties would remain on an equal balance. But in that body there was a man who knew how to bring the enthusiasm of the people
ers elected to the continental con- Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. gress, Galloway of Philadelphia was so the fifth day of September, the mem- Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. bers of congress, meeting at Smith's tavany as it pleased. Henry, a repre- Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. sentative of the largest state, intimatenhabitants in all the thirteen colonies was, in 1774, about two millions one hundred thousand; of bls dissolved; that they were reduced Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. to a state of nature; that the congress y. Our constituents are bound only Chap. XI.} 1774 Sept. in honor to observe our determinations. t then able to procure proper mate- Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. rials for ascertaining the importance ofel Adams, John Adams, and others of Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. New England, who believed that a rude soance, for the king's right to grant Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. them has itself been denied. Besides, tament must soon be chosen, they ex- Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. pressed their trust that the united effo[1 more...]
September, 1774 AD (search for this): chapter 12
Chapter 11: The continent Supports Massachusetts. September, 1774. among the members elected to the continental con- Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. gress, Galloway of Philadelphia was so thoroughly royalist that he acted as a volunteer spy for the British government. To the delegates from other colonies, as they arrived, he insinuated that commissioners with full powers should repair to the British court, after the example of the Roman, Grecian, and Macedonian colonies on occasions of the like nature; but his colleagues spurned the thought of sending envoys to dangle at the heels of a minister, and undergo the scorn of parliament. Yet there was great diversity of opinions respecting the proper modes of resisting the aggressions of the mother country, and conciliation was the ardent wish of all. The South Carolinians greeted the delegates of Massachusetts as the envoys of freedom herself; and the Virginians equalled or surpassed their colleagues in resoluteness and spirit; but
John Adams (search for this): chapter 12
mechanics, it was accepted by a great majority. The names of the members were then called over, and Patrick Henry, Washington, Richard Henry Lee, Samuel Adams, John Adams, Jay, Gadsden, John Rutledge of South Carolina, the aged Hopkins of Rhode Island, and others, representing eleven colonies, answered to the call. Peyton Randoly to weigh as much in the councils of America as a great one. A little colony, observed Sullivan of New Hampshire, has its all at stake as well as a great one. John Adams admitted that the vote by colonies was unequal, yet that an opposite course would lead to perplexing controversy, for there were no authentic records of the numnry, and Randolph, and Lee, and Jay, and Rutledge, and Gadsden; and by their side Presbyterians and Congregationalists, the Livingstons, Sherman, Samuel Adams, John Adams, and others of Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. New England, who believed that a rude soldiery were then infesting the dwellings and taking the lives of their friends.
Samuel Adams (search for this): chapter 12
y a great majority. The names of the members were then called over, and Patrick Henry, Washington, Richard Henry Lee, Samuel Adams, John Adams, Jay, Gadsden, John Rutledge of South Carolina, the aged Hopkins of Rhode Island, and others, representingith prayer, Jay and Rutledge objected, on account of the great diversity of religious sentiments. I am no bigot, said Samuel Adams, the Congregationalist; I can hear a prayer from a man of piety and virtue, who is at the same time a friend to his coand Jay, and Rutledge, and Gadsden; and by their side Presbyterians and Congregationalists, the Livingstons, Sherman, Samuel Adams, John Adams, and others of Chap. XI.} 1774. Sept. New England, who believed that a rude soldiery were then infesting hat body there was a man who knew how to bring the enthusiasm of the people into connection with its representatives. Samuel Adams, wrote Galloway, though by no means remarkable for brilliant abilities, is equal to most men in popular intrigue, and
put upon his countrymen, as that Virginia should have no greater weight than the smallest colony, they would never be seen at another convention. But his menace of disunion showed only how little he understood the heart of the Ancient Dominion; and he was at once rebuked by his colleagues. Though a representation equal to the importance of each colony, were ever so just, said Richard Henry Lee, the delegates from the several colonies are unprepared with materials to settle that equality. Bland, of Virginia, saw no safety but in voting by colonies. The question, he added, is, whether the rights and liberties of America shall be contended for, or given up to arbitrary power. Pendleton acquiesced, yet wished the subject might be open for reconsideration, when proper materials should have been obtained. This opinion prevailed, and it was resolved that, in taking questions, each colony should have one voice; but the journal adds as the reason, that the congress was not then able
ts had not had the right to elect their king; that American claims were derived from the British constitution rather than from the law of nature. But Sherman of Connecticut deduced allegiance from consent, without which the colonies were not bound by the act of settlement. Duane, like Rutledge, shrunk back from the appeal to the law of nature, and founded the power of government on property in land. Behind all these views lay the question of the power of parliament over the colonies. Dickinson, not yet a member of congress, was fully of opinion that no officer under the new establishment in Massachusetts ought to be acknowledged, but advocated allowing to parliament the regulation of trade upon principles of necessity, and the mutual interest of both countries. A right of regulating trade, said Gadsden, true to the principle of 1765, is a right of legislation, and a right of legislation in one case is a right in all; and he denied the claim with peremptory energy. Amidst suc
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