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Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 2, 17th edition..

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the proprietaries, and six chosen by the assembly; an assembly, composed of the governor, the council, and twelve delegates from the freeholders of the incipient settlements,—formed a government worthy of popular confidence. No interference from abroad was anticipated; for freedom of religion, and security against taxation, except by the colonial legislature, were solemnly conceded. The colonists were satisfied; the more so, as their lands were confirmed to them, by a solemn grant, 1668, May 1. on the terms which they themselves had proposed. Williamson, i. 259. Martin, i. 146. The authentic record of the legislative history of 1669 North Carolina, begins with the autumn of 1669, Chalmers, 525, 555, from proprietary papers, and therefore the nearest approach to original authority. Martin, i. 145, changes the date on inconclusive arguments. The assembly referred to in the grant of May 1, 1668, must have been an earlier assembly. when the legislators of Albemarle, ign
e of Swedish kings, had discerned the advantages which might be expected from colonies and widely-extended commerce. His zeal was encouraged by William Wsselinx, a Netherlander, whose mind for 1624. many years had been steadily devoted to the subject; at his instance, a commercial company, with exclusive privileges to traffic beyond the Straits of Gibraltar, and 1626. June 14. the right of planting colonies, was sanctioned by the king, and incorporated by the states of Sweden. The 1627. May 1 stock was open to all Europe for subscription; the king himself pledged 400,000 dollars of the royal treasure on equal risks; the chief place of business was established at Gottenburg; a branch was promised to any city which would embark 300,000 dollars in the undertaking. The government of the future colonies was reserved to a royal council; for politics, says the charter—and the expression marks the nation and the times—politics lie beyond the profession of merchants. Argonautica Gusta
e of the fathers of the old colony remained alive. John Alden, the last survivor of the signers, famed for his frugal habits, and an arm before which forests had bowed, was silent in death. The days of the Pilgrims were over, and a new generation possessed the soil. The royalists had pretended that the Quaker Lambeth Mss 841. grandees of Rhode Island had imbibed nothing of Quakerism but its indifference to forms, and did not even desire a restoration of the charter. On May-day, their May 1. usual election-day, the inhabitants and freemen poured into Newport; and the whole democracie published to the world their gratitude to the good providence Chap. XVII.} 1689. of God, which had wonderfully supported their predecessors and themselves through more than ordinary difficulties and hardships.-We take it to be our duty— thus they continue—to lay hold of our former gracious privileges, in our charter contained. And by a unanimous vote, the officers, whom Andros had displaced, wer
ds. Hening, III. 550. Beverley, 82, 83. The holders of land within the grant of Culpepper now lay at his mercy, and were compelled eventually to negotiate a compromise. All accounts agree in describing the condition of Virginia, at this time, as one of extreme distress. Culpepper had no compassion for poverty—no sympathy for a province impoverished by perverse legislation—and the residence in Virginia was so irksome, that in a few months he returned to England. The council 1683 May 4. reported the griefs and restlessness of the country; and they renew the request, that the grant to Culpepper and Arlington may be recalled. The poverty of the province rendered negotiation more easy; the design agreed well with the new colonial policy of Charles ii. Arlington surrendered his rights to Culpepper, and, in the following year, the crown was able 1684 July 25 to announce that Virginia was again a royal province. Ibid. ii. 561, 563, 578, 521, 522. Beverley, 85. Nor did
d, for Charles the First, soon after his accession, entered into a most intimate alliance with the Dutch. Just then Jean de Laet, a member of the chamber of Amsterdam, in an elaborate work on the West Indies, opportunely drew the attention of his countrymen to their rising colony, and published Hudson's own glowing description of the land. Under such auspices Peter Minuit, of Wesel, in Jan- 1626. uary, 1626, sailed for New Netherland as its director general. He arrived there on the fourth of May. Hitherto the Dutch had no title to ownership of the land; Minuit succeeded at once in purchasing the island of Manhattan from its native proprietors. The Brodhead's Hist. of N. Y. 164, 165. price paid was sixty guilders, about twenty-four dollars for more than twenty thousand acres. The southern point was selected for a battery, and lines were drawn for a fort, which took the name of New Amsterdam. The town had already thirty houses, and the emigrants' wives had borne them children
ween the desire of destroying English liberty, and a timid respect for its forms, disregarded the wishes of his more prudent friends, and, under the influence of capricious passion, suddenly dissolved a parliament more favorable to his interests May 5. than any which he could again hope from the excitement of the times. The friends of the popular party were elated at the dissolution. This parliament could have remedied the confusion, said the royalist Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, to S little more than 1664. Mar. organize the government anew, and repeal all laws inconsistent with the charter—a repeal which precludes the possibility of the disfranchising of Roman Catholics. In May, the regular session was held, and religious May 5. freedom was established in the very words of the charter. Records. If Roman Catholics were disfranchised (which they were not) in March, 1663—4, that disfranchisement endured only two months. Compare Eddy, in Walsh's Appeal, 429, &c.; and Bul
efore the truce with Spain, the half Moon, a yacht of about eighty tons burden, commanded by Hudson and manned by a mixed crew of Netherlanders and Englishmen, his son being of the number, set sail for China by way of the north-east. On the fifth day of May he had attained the height of the north cape of Norway; but fogs and fields of ice near Nova Zembla closed against him the straits of Vaigatz. Remembering the late accounts from Virginia, Hudson, with prompt decision, turned to the west, toyes was the cradling of a state. That Delaware exists as a separate commonwealth, is due to this colony. According to English rule, occupancy was necessary to complete a title to the wilderness; and the Dutch now occupied Delaware. On the fifth of May, Heyes and Hosset, in behalf of Godyn and Blommaert, made a further purchase from Indian chiefs of the opposite coast of Cape May, for twelve miles on the bay, on the sea, and in the interior; and in June, this sale of a tract, twelve miles sq
gernon Sydney; Penn's letter, in Proud, i. 210. I never felt judgment for the power I kept, but trouble for what I parted with. Compare Markham, in Chalmers. but he resisted the temptation. I purpose,—such was his prompt decision—for the 1682. May 5. matters of liberty I purpose, that which is extraordinary—to leave myself and successors no power of doeing mischief; that the will of one man may not hinder the good of a whole country. Memoirs, P. H. S. i. 203, and Proud, i. 199.—It is the is confusion, and obedience without liberty is slavery. Taking counsel, therefore, from all sides, listening to the theories of Algernon Sydney, whose Roman pride was ever faithful to the good old republican cause, and deriving Chap XVI.} 1682 May 5. still better guidance from the suavity and humanity of his Quaker brethren, Penn published a frame of government, not as an established constitution, but as a system Appendix to Proud, II. to be referred to the freemen in Pennsylvania Abo
operty after such a manner, said the temperate Increase Mather, as no man could say any thing was his own. The jurisdiction of Andros had, from the first, com- 1687 prehended all New England. Against the charter of Rhode Island a writ of quo warranto had been issued. The judgment against Massachusetts left no hope of protection from the courts, submissive to the royal will; and the Quakers, acting under instructions from the towns, resolved not to stand suit, but to appeal to the 1686 May 5 Ms. Records conscience of the king for the privileges and liberties granted by Charles II., of blessed memory. Flowers were strown on the tomb of Nero; and the colony of Rhode Island had cause to bless the memory of Charles II. Soon after the arrival of Andros, he demanded the surrender of the charter. Walter Clarke, the governor, Chalmers, 421. insisted on waiting for a fitter season. Repairing to Rhode Island, Andros dissolved its government and 1687 Jan. 12. broke its seal; five of
eakness was involved in a dishonest opposition to his father, and whom frivolous ambition at last conducted to the scaffold. It was thought that the united provinces would furnish a noble principality with an immediate and increasing revenue. But before the monarch, whom extravagance had impoverished, could resolve on a negotiation, Massachusetts, through the agency of a Boston merchant, obtained possession of the claims of Gorges, by a purchase and regular assignment. The price paid was May 6. £ 1250—about six thousand dollars. It was never doubted that a proprietary could alienate the soil; it was subsequently questioned whether the rights of government could be made a subject of traffic. This assignment was the cause of a series of relations, which, in part, continue to the present day. In a pecuniary point of view, no transaction could have been for Massachusetts more injurious; for it made her a frontier state, and gave her the most extensive and most dangerous frontier
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