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Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 2, 17th edition..

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January 13th (search for this): chapter 6
ong the Indians, the blacks, and the whites, was his message to Quakers on the Dela- Chap. XVI.} ware. His heart was with the settlements of which he had been the pioneer; and, a few weeks before his death, he exhorted Friends in America to be the light of the world, the salt to preserve earth from corruption. Covetousness, he adds, is idolatry; and he bids them beware of that idol for which so many lose morality and humanity. On his death-bed, the venerable apostle of equality 1691 Jan. 13. was lifted above the fear of dying, and, esteeming the change hardly deserving of mention, his thoughts turned to the New World. Pennsylvania, arid Delaware, and West New Jersey, and now Rhode Island, and in some measure North Carolina, were Quaker states; as his spirit, awakening from its converse with shadows, escaped from the exile of fallen humanity, nearly his last words were—Mind poor Friends in America. His works praise him. Neither time nor place can dissolve fellowship with his s
January 14th (search for this): chapter 2
and arbitrary fees of office Did the towns privately send an agent to England, Cranfield would tolerate no complaints; and Vaughan, who had been active in obtaining depositions, was required to find securities for good behavior. He refused, declaring that he had broken no law; and the governor immediately imprisoned him. Cranfield still sighed for money; and now stooping to 1684 falsehood, and hastily calling an assembly, on a vague rumor of an invasion, he demanded a sudden supply of Jan. 14. the means of defence. The representatives of New Hampshire would not be hastened; they took time to consider; and, after debate, they negatived the bill which the governor had prepared. Cranfield next resolved to intimidate the clergy, and forbade the usual exercise of church discipline. In Portsmouth, Moody, the minister, replied to his threats by a sermon, and the church was inflexible. Cranfield next invoked the aid of the ecclesiastical laws of England, which he asserted were in
January 20th (search for this): chapter 2
s and forfeitures, Cranfield deemed his fortune secure, and, relinquishing a profitable employment in England, embarked for the banks of the Piscataqua. But the first assembly which he convened dispelled Nov. 14. all his golden visions of an easy acquisition of fortune. To humor the governor, the rugged legislators voted him a gratuity of two hundred and fifty pounds, which the needy adventurer greedily accepted; but they would not yield their liberties; and the governor in anger 1683 Jan. 20 dissolved the assembly. The dissolution of an assembly was a novel procedure in New England. Such a thing had till now been unheard of. Popular discontent became extreme; and a crowd of rash men raised the cry for liberty and reformation. The leader, Edward Gove, an unlettered enthusiast, was confined in irons, and condemned to the death that barbarous laws denounced against treason, and, having been transported to England, was for three years kept a prisoner in the tower of London.
January 20th (search for this): chapter 4
whetted by the opportunity of indulgence. Nothing is so merciless as offended pride; a former affront is remembered as proof of weakness; and it seeks to restore self-esteem by a flagrant exercise of recovered power. Avarice also found delight in fines and confiscations; no sentiment of clemency was tolerated. From fear that a jury would bring in verdicts of acquittal, men were hurried to death from courts martial. True Account, in Burk, ii. 254. You are very welcome, cried the 1677 Jan. 20. exulting Berkeley, with a low bow, on meeting William Drummond, as his prisoner; I am more glad to see you than any man in Virginia; you shall be hanged in half an hour. The patriot, avowing boldly the part he had acted, was condemned at one o'clock, and hanged at four. His children and wife were driven from their home, to depend on the charity of the planters. Bonds, &c. pp. 87 and 111. Burwell Account, 79. Hening, ii. 370, 546, 558. Burk, ii. 201, 263, 264, 266. At length it was d
January 22nd (search for this): chapter 1
power, as the highest peace-officer in the realm. Cromwell next attempted an alliance with the property of the country. Affecting contempt for the regicide republicans, who, as his accomplices in crime, could not forego his protection, he prepared to espouse the cause of the lawyers, the clergy, and the moneyed interest. Here, too, he was equally unsuccessful, The moneyed interest loves dominion for itself; it submits reluctantly to dominion; and his second parlia- 1654 Sept. to 1655, Jan. 22. ment, chosen on such principles of reform as rejected the rotten boroughs, and, limiting the elective franchise to men of considerable estate, made the house a fair representation of the wealth of the country, was Chap XI.} equally animated by a spirit of stubborn defiance. The parliament first resisted the decisions of the council of Cromwell on the validity of its elections, next vindicated freedom of debate, and, at its third sitting, called in question the basis of Cromwell's author
January 24th (search for this): chapter 2
had multiplied; and her own interests, seconding the express orders of the monarch, induced her to send envoys to London. The country was divided in opinion; the large majority insisted on sustaining its established system in undiminished force; others were willing to make such concessions as would satisfy Dec. 31. the ministry of Clarendon. The first party prevailed, and on the last day of December, John Norton, an accomplished scholar and rigid Puritan, yet a friend Chap. XII.} 1662. Jan. 24. to moderate counsels, was joined with the excellent Simon Bradstreet in the commission to England. In January, 1662, they were instructed to persuade the king of the loyalty of the colony of Massachusetts, yet to engage to nothing prejudicial to their present standing according to their patent, and to endeavor the establishment of the rights and privileges then enjoyed. Letters were at the same time transmitted to those of the English statesmen on whose friendship it was safe to rely.
January 24th (search for this): chapter 7
anby preferred the unfitness of a perpetual parliament to the hazard of a new election, and, by pensions and rewards, purchased the votes of the profligate. But knavery has a wisdom of its own; the profligate members had a fixed maxim, never to grant Chap. XVII.} so much at once that they should cease to be wanted; and, discovering the intrigues of Danby for a permanent revenue from France, they were honorably true to nationality, and true also to the base instinct of selfishness, 1679. Jan. 24. they impeached the minister. To save the minister, this longest of English parliaments was dissolved. When, after nineteen years, the people of England were once more allowed to elect representatives, the great majority against the court compelled a reorganization of the ministry; and, by the force of public opinion, and of parliament, Shaftesbury, whom, for his mobility and his diminutive stature, the king called Little Sincerity, compelled the reluctant monarch to April 21. appoint
January 25th (search for this): chapter 2
as promised auspicious results to his own interests. The scenes that occurred are instructive. Mason, a party in suits to be commenced, was authorized to select the person to be appointed governor. He found a fit agent in Edward Cranfield, a man who had no object in banishing himself to the wilds of America, but to wrest a fortune from the sawyers and lumber-dealers of New Hampshire. He avowed his purpose openly; and the moral tone of that day esteemed it no dishonor. Chap XII.} 1682 Jan. 25. But he insisted on good security. By a deed enrolled in chancery, Mason surrendered to the king one fifth part of all quit-rents, for the support of the governor, and gave to Cranfield a mortgage of the whole province for twenty-one years, as collateral security for the payment of his salary. Thus invested with an ample royal commission, Mass. Hist. Coll. v. 232. with the promise of a fixed salary, a fifth of all quit-rents, a mortgage of the province, and the exclusive right to the a
January 29th (search for this): chapter 4
accusers. Of those who put themselves on trial, none escaped being convicted and hanged. A panic paralyzed the juries, there was in most men so much guilt or fear. True Account, in Burk, ii. 255 N. B. Let the reader not be led astray by the very ridiculous error of Burk, ii. 200, where he narrates the acquittal of ten in one day. Pure fiction, though repeated by a late writer. Compare Burk, ii. 255 and 263. What though commissioners arrived with a royal proclama- Chap. XIV.} 1677. Jan. 29. tion, promising pardon to all but Bacon? Hening, ii. 428, 429. In defiance of remonstrances, executions continued till twentytwo had been hanged. Three others had died of cruelty in prison; three more had fled before trial; two had escaped after conviction. More blood was shed than, on the action of our present system, would be shed for political offences in a thousand years. The old fool, said the kind-hearted Charles ii., with truth, has taken away more lives in that naked country,
January 30th (search for this): chapter 2
onsider; and, after debate, they negatived the bill which the governor had prepared. Cranfield next resolved to intimidate the clergy, and forbade the usual exercise of church discipline. In Portsmouth, Moody, the minister, replied to his threats by a sermon, and the church was inflexible. Cranfield next invoked the aid of the ecclesiastical laws of England, which he asserted were in force in the colony. The people were ordered to keep Christmas as a festival, and to fast on the thirtieth of January. But the capital stroke of policy was an order, that all persons should be admitted to the Lord's supper as freely as in the Episcopal or Lutheran church, and that the forms of the English liturgy should in certain cases be adopted. The order was disregarded That nothing might be wanting, the governor himself Chap XII.} 1684 appointed a day, on which he claimed to receive the elements at the hands of Moody, after the forms of the English church. Moody refused; was prosecuted,
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