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t a thunderbolt from a clear sky could not have astonished them more than the boom of artillery on Sunday morning. In Badeau's Life of Grant (page 600) occurs the following correspondence. The first communication is a telegram from General Grantnot apprehend anything like an attack upon our position. Sherman. To General Grant. In view of these quotations from Badeau's book, argument would seem entirely unnecessary in order to show that there was scarcely the faintest idea of an attack Confederate movement in force. Grant and Sherman evidently expected some skirmishing on outposts, but nothing more. General Badeau's commentaries on his own text are really amusing. He dwells on Grant's letters, quoted above, which, however, speakhad his horses saddled, to be ready in case of an attack. These are not the indications of a camp that is surprised. Badeau indulges somewhat oracularly in a piece of special pleading, very wonderful in view of the facts. He says: Private
but it was impossible to move in the pitch-darkness, over flooded roads and swollen streams, with the cold, driving rain beating upon them. With almost criminal recklessness, many of the soldiers discharged their small-arms, to find out the condition of the cartridges. General Johnston, as he rode along the lines on the 5th, tried to prevent the recurrence of this. Bragg alludes to it with great severity. Colonel E. L. Drake, of Fayetteville, Tennessee, who was at that time serving in Bate's Second Tennessee Regiment, of which he has furnished a valuable memoir to the writer, gives the following statement. His regiment was in Cleburne's brigade, and on the extreme left of Hardee's line. He says: The wishes of General Johnston to move quietly were not generally regarded; and, at one point on the march, the presence of a wild deer, which ran along the lines, evoked a yell among Hardee's men which could have been heard for miles. Hard showers fell. There was great uneasi
G. T. Beauregard (search for this): chapter 37
n of battle. strength of Federal position. Beauregard's report. Bragg's sketch of preliminaries. ops. address to army. the Council of War. Beauregard for retreat. Johnston's decision, and reaso seems-after they had been elaborated by General Beauregard. When it became apparent that the or came up and asked what was the matter. General Beauregard repeated what he had said to me. Generalhe meeting was, as stated by Bragg, casual. Beauregard sent for Polk. The discussion between them nference was held between Generals Johnston, Beauregard, Bragg, and Polk, at 5 P. M.; Major Gilmer bthat I knew that such was the feeling of General Beauregard, and he seemed wonderfully depressed in to lead the attack in person, and leave General Beauregard to direct the movements of troops in theys he made up from the returns at the time. Beauregard's report of the battle gives the field returtold him I had met and fought the advance of Beauregard's army, that he was advancing on us. General[19 more...]
John S. Bowen (search for this): chapter 37
hundred paces from Bragg's line; and Breckinridge, to the right of that road, was to give support, wherever it should become necessary. Polk's corps, 9,136 strong in infantry and artillery, was composed of two divisions, Cheatham's on the left, made up of B. R. Johnson's and Stephens's brigades, and Clark's on his right, formed of A. P. Stewart's and Russell's brigades. It followed Bragg's line at about eight hundred yards' distance. Breckinridge's reserve was composed of Trabue's, Bowen's, and Statham's brigades, with a total infantry and artillery of 6,439. The cavalry, about 4,300 strong, guarded the flanks, or was detached on outpost duty; but, both from the newness and imperfections of their organization, equipment, and drill, and from the rough and wooded character of the ground, they did little service that day. The part taken by Morgan's, Forrest's, and Wharton's (Eighth Texas), will be given in its proper place. The army, exclusive of its cavalry, was betwee
the Ohio one day's march nearer to the conjunction with General Grant, to prevent which was the object of his advance. Usually, the indications of approaching battle are so palpable that the men in the ranks, as well as the officers of all grades, foresee the deadly struggle, and nerve themselves to meet it. But in this case the nearness of the enemy in force was not known in the national army, and there was no special preparation for the conflict. In Sherman and his campaigns, by Colonels Bowman and Irwin, it is stated (page 50), There was nothing to indicate a general attack until seven o'clock on Sunday morning, when the advance-guard of Sherman's front was forced in on his main line. Grant and his campaigns, a book compiled by Prof. Coppee, avowedly from Grant's Reports, and very prejudiced in its conclusions in favor of that general, says, At the outset our troops were shamefully surprised and easily overpowered. It is but a poor compliment to the generalship of eith
H. V. Boynton (search for this): chapter 37
uckland, who made the reconnaissance, says that he advanced three, not four or five miles. Sherman's historical raid, Boynton, p. 31. Hardee was, in fact, within two miles. It will be observed that Sherman supposed the artillery belonged to the Cy was taken completely by surprise, etc. His denial is not categorical, but by inference; but Moulton's Criticism of Boynton's review of Sherman (page 11), which is virtually General Sherman's own utterance, denies any purpose or necessity of coficers with whom he was at variance. He swears in his evidence on Worthington's trial. Sherman's historical raid, by Boynton, p. 29. Therefore, on Friday, two days before the battle, when Colonel Worthington was so apprehensive, I knew therehe eulogists of Generals Grant and Sherman rather plead, than deny, the surprise that befell them on Sunday morning. Boynton says (page 34): The officers of General Thomas's army, who had charge of the pickets a few days after the battle, ro
Braxton Bragg (search for this): chapter 37
road proved so narrow and bad that the head of Bragg's column did not reach Monterey until 11 A. M.t General Johnston's army was approaching. Bragg says Report of the battle. that, where thit had been provided that Gladden's brigade, of Bragg's corps, should occupy his right. This line ethe afternoon, General Johnston conferred with Bragg, Breckinridge, and other officers. He halted n a little way in its rear. In a little while Bragg's right wing, under Withers, deployed into lint half-past 9, General Johnston sent me to General Bragg to know why the column on his left was not M. His orders were to wait for the passage of Bragg's corps, and to move and form his line in rearof my change.... By the first division General Bragg means Withers's; by the second, Ruggles's.n-chief, General Beauregard, General Polk, General Bragg, and General Breckinridge, are remembered In this order the division bivouacked. General Bragg's left wing was made up of three brigades,[33 more...]
John C. Breckinridge (search for this): chapter 37
left wing of the third line of battle; and Breckinridge's reserve the right wing. Polk's other d the 6th, the first day of the battle. Breckinridge's three brigades — a division, in fact, buttion, owing to the difficulty of the road. Breckinridge had ridden forward to Monterey, and had metoon, General Johnston conferred with Bragg, Breckinridge, and other officers. He halted that night , who had come up on the left, soon after. Breckinridge's line was formed on Polk's right about theardee was not present, but Gilmer was), and Breckinridge, as taking part in it, and then furnishes tegard, General Polk, General Bragg, and General Breckinridge, are remembered as present, and Generalbe successful. I was ordered to go for General Breckinridge, to see the state of his command; but higades on the Bark road, near Mickey's; and Breckinridge's on the road from Monterey toward the same eight hundred paces from Bragg's line; and Breckinridge, to the right of that road, was to give sup[4 more...]
eneral which indicated the presence of a much larger Federal force than previous information had induced us to expect. For a moment after receiving this report, he appeared to be in profound thought, when he turned to me, saying: I will fight them if there is a million of them! I have as many men as can be well handled on this field, and I can handle as many men as they can. He then proceeded with the inspection of his line. The Hon. Jacob Thompson, Secretary of the Interior under Mr. Buchanan, who was present on the staff of General Beauregard, furnishes the writer with the following notes of an interview which he held with General Johnston on the way to this conference, as he thinks, but which more probably occurred soon after it: General Johnston took my arm, and remarked, I perceive that General Beauregard is averse to bringing on the attack on the enemy in the morning, on the ground that we have lost an opportunity by delay. I replied that I knew that such was the f
235. A Federal reconnaissance had been sent out under Colonel Buckland, and encountered Cleburne's brigade of Hardee's corpsn, posted a couple of miles out on the Corinth road. Colonel Buckland sent a company to its relief, then followed himself wfront of which Hardee's corps was deploying. Indeed, Colonel Buckland, who made the reconnaissance, says that he advanced t, especially when we were positively informed by men like Buckland, Kilby Smith, and Major Ricker, who went to the front to that night. But even I had to guess its purpose. Colonel Buckland, who made the reconnaissance, states that he discoverd. He made a written report of the skirmish that night. Buckland says: The next day, Saturday, April 5th, I visited ere was a large rebel force immediately in our front. Buckland strengthened his pickets, and adds, Every officer in my bhe bridges over Owl Creek. His Fourth Brigade, under Colonel Buckland, came next in his line, with its left resting on the
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