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Edgefield (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
to suppress the rebellion to the inefficiency of the Government, whose hands they had continually striven to weaken. They had succeeded in spreading general alarm and distrust among the people; and, during the despondency that prevailed after the failure of the campaign of the Army of the Potomac, ending in inaction after the Battle of Antietam, See chapter XVIII, volume II. and of the Army of the Ohio in Kentucky, when Bragg and his, forces were allowed to escape to a stronghold near Nashville, See page 511, volume II. elections were held in ten Free-labor States, and, in the absence of the votes of the soldiers (two-thirds of whom were friends of the administration), resulted in favor of the Opposition. In these ten States Mr. Lincoln's majority in 1860 was 208,066. In 1862, the Opposition not only overcame this, but secured a majority of 35,781. The expectation of conscription to carry on the contest, increased taxation, high prices of fabrics and food, and a depreciat
Cornfield Point (Maryland, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
s. of the Lower Mississippi, See the closing chapter of volume. II. those composing the Army of the Potomac were winning an equally important victory, July, 1863. not far from the banks of the Susquehannah, We left that army in charge of General Joseph Hooker, after sad disasters at Fredericksburg, encamped near the Rappahannock; Page 497, volume II. let us now observe its movements from that time until its triumphs in the conflict at Gettysburg, between the Susquehannah and the Potomac rivers. During three months after General Hooker took command of the army, no active operations were undertaken by either party in the strife, excepting in some cavalry movements, which were few and comparatively feeble. This inaction was caused partly by the wretched condition of the Virginia roads, and partly because of the exhaustion of both armies after a most fatiguing and wasting campaign. The Army of the Potomac, lying at Falmouth, nearly opposite Fredericksburg, when Hooker took th
Bluff Point (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
strategy of modern warfare to accomplish their object. Finally, on the day when Hooker and Lee had their severe battle at Chaneellorsville, May 3, 1863. Longstreet, foiled and disheartened, turned his back on Peck and retreated, pursued as far as the Blackwater by National troops under Generals Corcoran and Dodge, and Colonel Foster. Thus ended the remarkable siege of Suffolk, which had for its object the recovery of the whole country south of the James River, extending, to Albemarle Sound, in North Carolina; the ports of Norfolk and Portsmouth; eighty miles of new railroad iron; the equipment of two roads, and the capture of all the United States forces and property, with some thousands of contrabands. General J. J. Peck's Report, May 5, 1863. The importance of the services of the Army of Suffolk, as its commanding officer styled it, seems not to have had due consideration hitherto. As an act of war, the holding of that position by the garrison against more than double its
National (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
in the morning? General Warren, Hooker's senior engineer officer, and others, were in favor of the offensive. Hooker preferred the defensive attitude, and the latter was chosen. Preparations for a struggle in the morning were then made. The National line extended from the Rappahannock to the Wilderness Church, two miles west of Chancellorsville. Meade's corps, with a division of Couch's, formed the left; Slocum's and a division of Sickles's the center, and Howard's the right, with Pleasanrday, he soon had thirty pieces of artillery in position there, and playing with destructive effect upon his antagonist. With a courage bordering on desperation, his men rushed down the road toward Chancellorsville, and charged heavily upon the National line fronting westward, composed of the corps of Sickles and the divisions of Berry and French, the last two supported by the divisions of Whipple and Williams. A severe struggle ensued. The right of the Confederates pressed back the Nationals
Meadow Bridge (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
uct there where the waters of the canal flow over the river, and then rejoined Stoneman. Kilpatrick, with the Harris Light Cavalry (Sixth New York), reached Hungary Station, on the Fredericksburg railway, on the morning of the 4th, destroyed the depots and railroad there, crossed to the Brook turnpike, and, sweeping down within two miles of Richmond, captured a lieutenant and eleven men within the fortifications of the Confederate capital. Then he struck the Virginia Central railway at Meadow Bridge, on the Chickahominy, destroyed that structure and some railway property, and, dashing across the Pamunkey and the Mattapony the next day, May 5, 1863. went raiding through the country without molestation, destroying Confederate property here and there, and reaching Gloucester Point, on the York, on the 7th. Meanwhile Lieutenant-Colonel Davis, with the Twelfth Illinois, swept along the line of the South Anna to the Fredericksburg railway at Ashland, where he intercepted an ambulance
Yorktown (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
and cuffs, blue pantaloons, and black leather sword-belt. On the collar, within an embroidered wreath, a golden star. On the coat two rows of gilt buttons, and sleeves trimmed with gold lace. the flank of the latter and threatening his rear. We have remarked that the cavalry of both armies had been active for some weeks. On the 10th of February 1863. W. H. F. Lee, with his brigade, made an unsuccessful attempt to surprise and capture the National forces at Gloucester Point, opposite Yorktown; and at a little past midnight, a month later, March 8. a small band of mounted men, led by the afterward famous guerilla chief, John S. Moseby, dashed into the village of Fairfax Court-House, took from his bed and carried away the commanding officer, Colonel Stoughton, and some others, and, with many horses and other property, hurried off in the direction of Hooker's army, cutting the telegraph wires on their way. For this exploit Moseby was publicly commended by General Stuart, and he wa
Yanceyville (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
more to the left, crossed the Pamunkey and Mattapony, and reached Gloucester Point without further interruption. Gregg and Buford had, meanwhile, been raiding in the neighborhood of the South Anna, closely watched by Hampton and Fitzhugh Lee. They burnt — the bridges in their march. Dashing upon Hanover Junction, they destroyed the railway property there, and damaged the road. Finally the whole of Stoneman's command, excepting the forces under Kilpatrick and Davis, was concentrated at Yanceyville, when it marched northward, crossed the Rapid Anna at the Raccoon Ford, and on Friday, the 8th of May, recrossed the Rappahannock at Kelly's Ford. Much property had been destroyed during the raid, but the chief object of the expedition, namely, the effectual destruction of Lee's communications with Richmond, was not accomplished, and the week's work of the cavalry, as bearing upon the progress of the war, was of very little consequence. In his report on the Battle of Chancellorsville,
Todd's Tavern (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
broken and scattered. While the movements on Hooker's right were so successfully performed, his left wing, under Sedgwick, composed of his own corps (Sixth), and those of Reynolds (First), and Sickles (Third), had as successfully masked Todd's Tavern. this is a view of Todd's Tavern, as it appeared when the writer sketched it, in June, 1866. it was also the Headquarters of General Warren, and other officers, when the army under Grant was in that vicinity, in the spring of 1864. the mTodd's Tavern, as it appeared when the writer sketched it, in June, 1866. it was also the Headquarters of General Warren, and other officers, when the army under Grant was in that vicinity, in the spring of 1864. the movement, for Lee, while watching the visible enemy in front of him, was not aware of the passage of the Rappahannock by the turning column, until the three corps were on their way toward the Rapid Anna. Taking position a little below Fredericksburg, Sedgwick caused pontoon bridges to be laid on the night of the 28th, April, 1863. and before daylight Brooks's division crossed near the place of Franklin's passage, See page 489, volume II. and captured and drove the Confederate pickets there.
Suffolk, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
ginia.--battle of Chancellorsville.--siege of Suffolk. Position of the Army of the Potomac fortifications there, 41, 42. the siege of Suffolk by Longstreet, 43. Peck's defense of Suffolkngstreet driven away services of the Army at Suffolk, 44. While a portion of the National troopagainst General J. J. Peck in the vicinity of Suffolk, on the south side of the James River, and otps operating against General John J. Peck, at Suffolk. Ever since the Confederates lost Norfolk, ng body of National soldiers was stationed at Suffolk, at the head of the Nansemond River, and upons of Major General J. J. Peck commanding at Suffolk, Va. And vicinity. endanger Fortress Monroe. Hng the Blackwater, and on the railway between Suffolk and Petersburg, for an immediate advance. n pontoon bridges, and made a forced march on Suffolk April 1863. with about twenty-eight thousands that you were enabled to hold Longstreet at Suffolk. It has been asserted that Longstreet join[8 more...]
Raccoon Ford (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
the Confederates could then spare to oppose Stoneman's ten thousand, but he pressed forward through Culpepper to the Rapid Anna, and no further. He failed to protect the right of the main column, and was recalled. Stoneman weeded his army of weak materials, and, with his best men and horses, in light marching order, pressed forward Buford was sent out to the left, and, skirmishing frequently with small bodies of cavalry, reached the Rapid Anna on the night of the 30th, and encamped near Raccoon Ford. Stoneman marched cautiously on, crossed the Rapid Anna at the same ford, and the whole force reached a point on the Virginia Central railway, a mile from Louisa Court-House, at two o'clock on the morning of the 2d of May. 1863. Much of the railway in that vicinity was immediately destroyed, and at daylight Colonel Kilpatrick, with his regiment, dashed into the little village of Louisa Court-House, terrifying the inhabitants by his unexpected visit, and obtaining some supplies. After s
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