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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.). Search the whole document.

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k near its source. He was confirmed in this opinion by the gathering of Stuart's cavalry at Culpeper and the increasing boldness of the guerillas who infested the country in his rear; for one of these bands even attempted, at Greenwich on the 31st of May, to capture a train intended for his army. It required, however, the removal of the encampments of Hill's corps on the 4th of June to induce him to suspect a serious movement on the part of the enemy, and to decide to emerge from his inactivi infantry under Pettigrew and Davis, one of cavalry under Jenkins, and one made up of mixed troops under Imboden. The first was nearly four thousand strong; that of Davis, consisting of four regiments which are not borne on the returns of the 31st of May, although two of them had formerly belonged to the army, numbered about twenty-two hundred men; the other two contained each about the same effective force. The increase of artillery amounted to fifteen batteries, comprising sixty-two pieces
erms of service carried off five thousand well-tried men in the month of May, and ten thousand in June; the fatigues of a short but distressing campaign and the first heats of summer increased the numat Keyes, besides the garrison, had about fifteen thousand available men: since the early part of June he had formed the project of marching them against Richmond, thinking that he would thus oblige tout to rush unexpectedly against the heads of column of the whole Confederate army. The end of June had been rainy, with frequent storms, which, while imparting the freshness of spring to the leavery10,292 Artillery4,756 ——— Total74,468 And 206 pieces of artillery. During the month of June its effective force was increased by the return of a certain number of sick, who, thanks to the mumber of the disabled, of stragglers, and of deserters that the army had lost during the month of June. Private information and the comparison of some figures lead us to believe that it was not very <
were about to resume the campaign plan of the preceding year, and proceed toward Manassas by crossing the Rappahannock near its source. He was confirmed in this opinion by the gathering of Stuart's cavalry at Culpeper and the increasing boldness of the guerillas who infested the country in his rear; for one of these bands even attempted, at Greenwich on the 31st of May, to capture a train intended for his army. It required, however, the removal of the encampments of Hill's corps on the 4th of June to induce him to suspect a serious movement on the part of the enemy, and to decide to emerge from his inactivity in order to make sure of the fact. On the morning of the 5th the pontonniers were ordered to throw two bridges over the Rappahannock at the point known by the name of Franklin's Crossing. The Sixth corps, which was encamped in the neighborhood, sustained them and held itself ready to cross the river. This movement might be only a simple demonstration; it might also be the
nia. But the requirements of General Halleck for the defence of these two points, after having fettered the movements of McClellan on the Chickahominy and in the Antietam campaign, were not likely to yield to Hooker's representations. On the 5th of June the latter had asked for permission to act independently of these instructions, and to manoeuvre his army as he thought proper, in order to be able to strike the enemy wherever he could find the occasion to fight him to advantage were he to lmed to act on the defensive, could not thenceforth prevent the enemy from accomplishing his design. Hooker did his best not to allow himself to be surprised or forestalled by Lee. The bridges had been thrown over the river in the afternoon of June 5th, after a pretty sharp engagement with the Confederate skirmishers. As the latter were harassing the pontonniers a great deal, a Federal detachment had crossed the river in boats and dispersed them, after taking about one hundred prisoners. On t
e first time the Federal cavalry, confiding in its own resources, has gone en masse to attack that of the enemy. For the first time these two bodies of troops have fought a regular pitched battle, in which the infantry and artillery have played but an insignificant part; and, as a natural consequence of this change of tactics, sabres and pistols have in these encounters taken the place of the musket; for the first time the sabre has made a large number of victims. The conflict of the 9th of June could not thwart Lee's plans nor seriously embarrass Stuart as to the role which had been assigned to him, as it was his duty, above all, to cover the movements of the infantry; but he foresaw that this role would be a difficult one in the presence of so stubborn an adversary. It was a serious warning to the Confederate cavalry to be on its guard and keep close together, in order that the veil which it was charged to draw between the two armies might not be pierced again. With regard
June 10th (search for this): chapter 4
thousands of soldiers separated from their commands followed the army at a distance, unable to take part in any battle, and yet figuring on the returns as able-bodied combatants. In this respect there was much more tolerance shown in the Union army than among the Confederates; on this account the falling off in the number of combatants is a new source of mistakes and discussions. We have stated that this diminution amounted to thirteen thousand for the Army of the Potomac between the 10th of June and the 4th of July. We will spare the reader the details of our calculations, simply presenting the figures that have been given us, which we believe to be as near the truth as possible. The Army of the Potomac, without French's division, which had not gone beyond Frederick, numbered on its returns on the 30th of June 167,251 men, more than 21,000 of whom were on detached service and nearly 28,000 in the hospitals. The number of men present with their corps was 112,988, and that of
June 11th (search for this): chapter 4
eintzelman's total forces amounted to no less than thirty-six thousand men. Keyes, Schenck, and Heintzelman acted under the immediate authority of Halleck, who sought thereby to add the command of these detached corps to the supreme direction of the various armies—a command which he did not relinquish even when he seemingly allowed Hooker to exercise its functions for a while. The latter, therefore, was in the same situation in which McClellan was placed one year previously. On the 11th of June the commander of the Army of the Potomac began the movement which was rendered necessary by that of his adversary. The presence of Lee with a portion of his army at Culpeper obliged Hooker to extend his right wing along the Upper Rappahannock, which his cavalry was no longer strong enough to defend. His army had to prepare to face westward, whether Lee's intention was to cross this river or to ascend it, in order to reach the valleys which stretch out along the two slopes of the Blue Ri
June 12th (search for this): chapter 4
ring the last two years. Some politicians also feared—without cause, in our opinion—that an invasion, even a successful one at the outset, so far from shaking the determination of their adversaries, might be the means of putting an end to party struggles in the North and unite all men once more in defence of the Federal power. One of the most enlightened among them, Vice-President Stephens, on being informed that the campaign we are about to describe had opened, wrote to Mr. Davis on the 12th of June, proposing to go to Washington with words of peace before the Confederate soldiers had crossed the Potomac. But the confidence and zeal of the latter put an end to all hesitation on the part of their leaders: public opinion, excited almost to frenzy by success, imperatively demanded that the seat of war should be transferred to the soil of the free States. If the general wants provisions, let him go and look for them in Pennsylvania, said the chief of the bureau of subsistence, it is re
June 13th (search for this): chapter 4
ticularly to life-insurance companies, as being directly interested in diminishing the chances of mortality among volunteers, who before leaving for the seat of war insured their lives at premiums that were naturally very high. At the same time, to members of the Commission, whose number was rapidly increasing, was assigned the task of visiting the armies without delay for the purpose of setting on foot the inquiry which was the immediate object of its creation. Finally, an order of the 13th of June, as a sequel to that of the 9th, gave this Commission a definite organization. Its labors consisted in instituting inquiries, giving advice, exercising a surveillance, and, in short, in collecting and forwarding relief through direct channels. In order to facilitate this labor, the Commission was divided into three committees, whose duty was to establish relations—first, with the Secretary of War; second, with the officers and surgeons of the armies; third, with the authorities of the v
June 20th (search for this): chapter 4
roops, to hold Hooker's army in check if the latter should attack him upon ground of his own selection, had caused a portion of the Second corps to cross to the left bank of the Potomac, without, however, moving it away from the river. On the 20th of June, Early, leaving Winchester, took position along the right bank at Shepherdstown, as if for the purpose of menacing Harper's Ferry and watching its garrison; Johnson, crossing the river, had posted himself at Sharpsburg, on that bloody battlefiart in Meade's operations, the troops that Halleck had so improperly left in the peninsula of Virginia had likewise taken the field. The Fourth army corps, assembled at Yorktown and Williamsburg under Keyes, was transported by water about the 20th of June to White House, where a brigade of cavalry had preceded it by land. The instructions given to Keyes directed him to start from this point for the purpose of cutting the railroads running from Richmond northward, and to menace the enemy's capi
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