s already selected as the appropriate site for a fort.
Champlain returned to France just before an exclusive
1603 Nov 8. patent had been issued to a Calvinist, the able, patriotic, and honest De Monts.
The sovereignty of Acadia and its confines, from the fortieth to the forty-sixth degree of latitude, that is, from Philadelphia to beyond
Chap. I.} 1603. Montreal; a still wider monopoly of the fur-trade; the exclusive control of the soil, government, and trade; freedom of religion for Huguenot emigrants,—these were the privileges which the charter conceded.
Idlers, and men without a profession, and all banished men, were doomed to lend him aid. A lucrative monopoly was added to the honors of territorial jurisdiction.
Wealth and glory were alike expected.
An expedition was prepared without delay, and left
1604. Mar. 7. the shores of France, not to return till a permanent French settlement should be made in America.
All New France was now contained in two ships, which follow