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rity between Cartier and Ro-
1541 berval of itself defeated the enterprise.
Hakluyt, III. 286—297. Roberval was ambitious of power; and Cartier desired the exclusive honor of discovery. .They neither embarked in company, nor acted in concert.
Holmes, in Annals, i. 70, 71, places the departure of Cartier May 23, 1540.
He follows, undoubtedly, the date in Hak. III. 286; which is, however, a misprint, or an error.
For, first the patent of Cartier was not issued till October, 1540; next, the annalist can find no occupation for Cartier in Canada for one whole year; and, further, it is undisputed, that Roberval did not sail till April, 1542; and it is expressly said in the account of Roberval's voyage, Hak. III. 295, that Jaques Cartier and his company were sent with five sayles the yeere before.
Belknap makes a similar mistake, i. 178. from St.
Mar 23. Malo the next spring after the date of his commission; he arrived at the scene of his former adventures, ascende
tradition, that he perished at sea, having been engaged in an expedition of which no tidings were ever heard.
Such a report might easily be spread respecting a great navigator who had disappeared from the public view; and the rumor might be adopted by an incautious historian.
It is probable, that Verrazzani had only retired from the fatigues of the life of a mariner; and, while others believed him buried in the ocean, he may have long enjoyed at Rome the friendship of men of letters, with
1537. the delights of tranquil employment.
See Annibale Caro, Lettere Familiari, tom. l. let 12. Yet such is the obscurity of the accounts respecting his life, that certainty cannot be established.
Tiraboschi, VII. 263, ed. 1809.
Compare, also, Ensayo Cronologico à la Historia de la Florida, Año Mdxxiv.
But the misfortunes of the French monarchy did not
1527. affect the industry of its fishermen; who, amidst the miseries of France, still resorted to Newfoundland.
There exists a letter