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Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 2, 17th edition..

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March 3rd (search for this): chapter 6
cts, could but renew the fundamental legislation of the men of the Mayflower, of Hartford, and of the Old Dominion. The concessions are such as Friends approve of; this is the message of the Quaker proprietaries in England to the few who had emigrated: We lay a foundation for after ages to understand their liberty as Christians and as men, that they may not be brought into bondage, but by their own consent; for we put the power in the people. And on the third day of March, 1677, the 1677. Mar. 3. charter, or fundamental laws, of West New Jersey were perfected and published. They are written with almost as much method as our present constitutions, and recognize the principle of democratic equality as unconditionally and universally as the Quaker society itself. No man, nor number of men, hath power over con- Chap XVI.} 1677 Smith, 528-539 science. No person shall at any time, in any ways, or on any pretence, be called in question, or in the least punished or hurt for opinion in
March 3rd (search for this): chapter 7
the bell rung; and the love of liberty did not expire, even though, in a Boston meeting-house, the Common Prayer was read in a surplice. By-and-by, the people were desired to con- 1688. June 23. tribute towards erecting a church. The bishops, answered Sewall, and wisely, would have thought strange to have been asked to contribute towards setting up New England churches. At the instance and with the special concurrence of James II., a tax of a penny in the pound, and a poll-tax 1687. March 3. of twenty pence, with a subsequent increase of duties, were laid by Andros and his council. The towns generally refused payment. Wilbore, of Taunton, was imprisoned for writing a protest. To the people of Ipswich, in town-meeting, John Wise, the minister who Aug 23 used to assert, Democracy is Christ's government in church and state, advised resistance.—We have, said he, a good God and a good king; we shall do well to stand to our privileges.—You have no privilege, answered one of the
March 5th (search for this): chapter 5
the most extraordinary women of her age, worthy to be named with Roger Williams and George Fox, perished with her family. The Dutch colony was threatened with ruin. Mine eyes, says a witness, saw the flames at Chap. XV.} 1643. their towns, and the frights and hurries of men, women and children, the present removal of all that could for Holland. The director was compelled to desire peace. On the fifth of March, 1643, a convention of sixteen sachems assembled in the woods of Rockaway, March 5. and at daybreak De Vries and another, the two envoys from Manhattan, were conducted to the centre of the little senate. Their best orator addressed them, holding in one hand a bundle of small sticks. When you first arrived on our shores, you were destitute of Murphy's Voyages of De Vries, 118. O'Callaghan, I. 276. Brodhead's Hist. of N. Y. 359. food; we gave you our beans and our corn; we fed you with oysters and fish; and now, for our recompense, you murder our people. Such were hi
March 9th (search for this): chapter 6
erwards, the place contained about six hundred houses, Turner, in Watson, 67. and the schoolmaster and the printingpress had begun their work. Council Records, in Haz. Reg. i 16. Thomas, Hist. of Printing, II. 8, 9. Council Records, in Proud, i. 345. In three years from its foundation, Philadelphia gained more than New York had done in half a century. This was the happiest season in the public life of William Penn. I must, without vanity, say—such was his honest exultation— 1684 Mar. 9. I have led the greatest colony into America that ever any man did upon a private credit, and the most prosperous beginnings that ever were in it, are to be found among us. Penn to Halifax, in Watson, 19. The government had been organized, peace with the natives confirmed, the fundamental law established, the courts of justice instituted; the mission of William Penn was accomplished; and now, like Solon, the most humane of ancient legislators, he prepared to leave the commonwealth, of
March 12th (search for this): chapter 6
improve an innocent course of life on a virgin Elysian shore. But vast as were the hopes of the humble Friends, who now marked the boundaries of streets on the chestnut, or ash and walnut trees of the original forest, they were surpassed by the reality. Pennsylvania bound the northern and the southern colonies in bonds stronger than paper chains; Philadelphia was the birthplace of American independence and the pledge of union. In March, the infant city, in which there could have 1683 Mar. 12. been few mansions but hollow trees, Watson's Phil. 225. was already the scene of legislation. From each of the six counties into which Penn's dominions were divided, nine representatives, Swedes, Dutch, and Quaker preachers, of Wales, and Ireland, and England, were elected for the purpose of establishing a charter of liberties. They desired it might be the acknowledged growth of the New World, and bear date in Philadelphia. Votes, &c., p. 20. To the Chap XVI.} 1683. Mar. people
March 14th (search for this): chapter 1
f a Latin quotation. There was, however, no change in the political principles of New England, which never was regicide. Albany Records, XVIII. 123. and the rising republic on the Connecticut appeared in London by its representative, the younger Winthrop, who went, as it were, between the mangled limbs of his father-in-law, to ensure the welfare of his fellow-exiles in the west. They had purchased their lands of the assigns of the earl of Warwick, and from Uncas they had bought the 1661 Mar. 14. territory of the Mohegans; and the news of the restoration awakened a desire for a patent. But the little colony proceeded warily; they draughted among themselves the instrument which they desired the king to ratify; and they could plead for their possessions their rights by purchase, by conquest from the Pequods, and by their own labor, which had redeemed the wilderness. A letter was also addressed from Connecticut 1661 to the aged Lord Say and Seal, See Trumbull, i. App. VII. VIII
March 14th (search for this): chapter 7
h's Hist. of N. J., 166, 167. as temporary deputy-governor; the happy country was already tenanted by a sober, professing people. Meantime the twelve proprietors selected each a partner; and, in March, 1683, to the twenty-four, among whom was Learning and Spicer, 141. the timorous, cruel, iniquitous Perth, afterwards chancellor of Scotland, and the amiable, learned, and ingenious Barclay, who became nominally the governor of the territory, a new and latest patent of East New Jersey 1683 March 14. was granted by the duke of York. From Scotland the largest emigration was expected; and, in 1685, just before embarking for America with his own family and about two hundred passengers, George Scot of Pitlochie addressed to his countrymen an argument in favor of removing to a country where there was room for a man to flourish without wronging his neighbor. It is judged the interest of the government—thus he 1685 wrote, apparently with the sanction of men in power—to suppress Presbyteria
March 15th (search for this): chapter 2
horne, at the head of a company of train-bands, made a speech which royalists deemed seditious; and the inflexible Endicott, just as the last sands of life were running out, addressed the people at their meeting-house in Boston. Charles II. had written to the colony against Endicott, as a person not well affected, and desired that some other person might be chosen governor in his stead; but Endicott, who did not survive till the day of election, retained his office till the King of 1665. Mar. 15. Kings summoned him from the world. The aged Davenport was equally unbending. The commission, said he from New Haven, is but a tryal of our courage; the Lord will be with his people while they are with him. If you consent to this court of appeals, you pluck down with your own hands the house which wisdom has built for you and your posterity. The elections in the spring of 1665 proceeded with great quiet; the people firmly sustained the govern- Chap XII.} 1664 ment. Meantime letters
March 15th (search for this): chapter 6
uitrents, in part at least, to the public service. Colonial jealousy of a feudal chief was early and perseveringly displayed. The maker of 1686 Jan. 9 the first Pennsylvania almanac was censured for publishing Penn as a lord. Hazard's Register, i. 16. The assembly originated 1685 bills without scruple; they attempted a new organization of the judiciary; they alarmed the merchants by their lenity towards debtors; they would vote no taxes; they claimed the right of inspecting the 1686 March 15. records, and displacing the officers of the courts; they expelled a member who reminded them of their contravening the provisions of their charter. Votes and Proceedings, 32, &c The executive Chap XVI.} 1687 Feb. 1, 1688 power was also imperfectly administered: for the whole council was too numerous a body for its regular exercise. A commission of five was substituted; Doc. in Proud, i. 305. and finally, when it was resolved to appoint a deputygov-ernor, Hazard's Register, III.
March 16th (search for this): chapter 7
re allowed to go to decay. The religious institutions were impaired by abolishing the methods of their support. It is pleasant, said the foreign agents of tyranny, to behold poor coblers and pitiful me- Lambeth Mss. 841. chanics, who have neither home nor land, strutting and making noe mean figure at their elections, and some of the richest merchants and wealthiest of the people stand by as insignificant cyphers; and therefore a town-meeting was allowed only for the choice of town 1688. Mar. 16. officers. The vote by ballot was rejected. To a committee from Lynn, Andros said plainly, There is no such thing as a town in the whole country. To assemble in town-meeting for deliberation was an act of sedition or a riot. Personal liberty and the customs of the country 1687. were disregarded. None might leave the country without a special permit. Probate fees were increased almost twenty fold. West, says Randolph,—for dishonest men betray one another,—extorts what fees he pleas
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