erwards, the place contained about six hundred houses,
Turner, in Watson, 67. and the schoolmaster and the printingpress had begun their work.
Council Records, in Haz. Reg.
of Printing, II. 8, 9.
Council Records, in Proud, i. 345. In three years from its foundation, Philadelphia gained more than New York had done in half a century.
This was the happiest season in the public life of William Penn.
I must, without vanity, say—such was his honest exultation—
1684 Mar. 9. I have led the greatest colony into America that ever any man did upon a private credit, and the most prosperous beginnings that ever were in it, are to be found among us.
Penn to Halifax, in Watson, 19.
The government had been organized, peace with the natives confirmed, the fundamental law established, the courts of justice instituted; the mission of William Penn was accomplished; and now, like Solon, the most humane of ancient legislators, he prepared to leave the commonwealth, of
of N. J., 166, 167. as temporary deputy-governor; the happy country was already tenanted by a sober, professing people.
Meantime the twelve proprietors selected each a partner; and, in March, 1683, to the twenty-four, among whom was
Learning and Spicer, 141. the timorous, cruel, iniquitous Perth, afterwards chancellor of Scotland, and the amiable, learned, and ingenious Barclay, who became nominally the governor of the territory, a new and latest patent of East New Jersey
1683 March 14. was granted by the duke of York.
From Scotland the largest emigration was expected; and, in 1685, just before embarking for America with his own family and about two hundred passengers, George Scot of Pitlochie addressed to his countrymen an argument in favor of removing to a country where there was room for a man to flourish without wronging his neighbor.
It is judged the interest of the government—thus he
1685 wrote, apparently with the sanction of men in power—to suppress Presbyteria