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J. A. McClernand (search for this): chapter 34
ad back to Willow Springs with one division; McClernand, who was now in the rear, was to join in thithe enemy time to reinforce and fortify. McClernand's and McPherson's commands were kept substanof rations I ordered reconnaissances made by McClernand and McPherson, with the view of leading the Pherson remained there during the 8th, while McClernand moved to Big Sandy and Sherman marched from to a point within a few miles west of Utica; McClernand and Sherman remained where they were. On thcClernand was still at Big Sandy. The 11th, McClernand was at Five Mile Creek; Sherman at Auburn; Mn five miles advanced from Utica. May 12th, McClernand was at Fourteen Mile Creek; Sherman at Fourtroad and only from six to ten miles from it. McClernand's corps was kept with its left flank on the rteen Mile Creek, his advance thrown across; McClernand to the left, also on Fourteen Mile Creek, adere they undoubtedly expected us to attack. McClernand's left was on the Big Black. In all our mov[4 more...]
started for Hankinson's ferry, arriving there before daylight. While at Grand Gulf I heard from Banks, who was on the Red River, and who said that he could not be at Port Hudson before the 10th of M my intention had been to secure Grand Gulf, as a base of supplies, detach McClernand's corps to Banks and co-operate with him in the reduction of Port Hudson. The news from Banks forced upon me Banks forced upon me a different plan of campaign from the one intended. To wait for his co-operation would have detained me at least a month. The reinforcements would not have reached ten thousand men after deducting ndred miles. The enemy would have strengthened his position and been reinforced by more men than Banks could have brought. I therefore determined to move independently of Banks, cut loose from my baBanks, cut loose from my base, destroy the rebel force in rear of Vicksburg and invest or capture the city. Grand Gulf was accordingly given up as a base and the authorities at Washington were notified. I knew well that H
M. M. Crocker (search for this): chapter 34
lding a bridge elsewhere. Before leaving Port Gibson we were reinforced by [Gen. Marcellus M.] Crocker's division, McPherson's corps, which had crossed the Mississippi at Bruinsburg and come up withrson ordered the road in rear to be cleared of wagons, and the balance of Logan's division, and Crocker's, which was still farther in rear, to come forward with all dispatch. The order was obeyed with alacrity. Logan got his division in position for assault before Crocker could get up, and attacked with vigor, carrying the enemy's position easily, sending Gregg flying from the field not to appenemy's loss was 100 killed, 305 wounded, besides 415 taken prisoners. I regarded Logan and Crocker as being as competent division commanders as could be found in or out of the army and both equal to a much higher command. Crocker, however, was dying of consumption when he volunteered. His weak condition never put him on the sick report when there was a battle in prospect, as long as he co
William Porter (search for this): chapter 34
as to guard the line back down the bayou. I did not want to take the chances of having an enemy lurking in our rear. On the way from the junction to Grand Gulf, where the road comes into the one from Vicksburg to the same place six or seven miles out, I learned that the last of the enemy had retreated past that place on their way to Vicksburg. I left Logan to make the proper disposition of his troops for the night, while I rode into the town with an escort of about twenty cavalry. Admiral Porter had already arrived with his fleet. The enemy had abandoned his heavy guns and evacuated the place. When I reached Grand Gulf May 3d I had not been with my baggage since the 27th of April and consequently had had no change of underclothing, no meal except such as I could pick up sometimes at other headquarters, and no tent to cover me. The first thing I did was to get a bath, borrow some fresh underclothing from one of the naval officers and get a good meal on the flag-ship. Then I
D. McM. Gregg (search for this): chapter 34
our moves, up to this time, the left had hugged the Big Black closely, and all the ferries had been guarded to prevent the enemy throwing a force on our rear. McPherson encountered the enemy, five thousand strong with two batteries under General Gregg, about two miles out of Raymond. This was about two P. M. [May 12]. Logan was in advance with one of his brigades. He deployed and moved up to engage the enemy. McPherson ordered the road in rear to be cleared of wagons, and the balance ofwas still farther in rear, to come forward with all dispatch. The order was obeyed with alacrity. Logan got his division in position for assault before Crocker could get up, and attacked with vigor, carrying the enemy's position easily, sending Gregg flying from the field not to appear against our front again until we met at Jackson. In this battle McPherson lost 66 killed, 339 wounded, and 37 missing--nearly or quite all from Logan's division. The enemy's loss was 100 killed, 305 wounde
ry commanding position from this (Grindstone) crossing to Hankinson's ferry over the Big Black was occupied by the retreating foe to delay our progress. McPherson, however, reached Hankinson's ferry before night, seized the ferry boat, and sent a denk, and they soon gave way. McPherson was ordered to hold Hankinson's ferry and the road back to Willow Springs with one divive o'clock at night I was through my work and started for Hankinson's ferry, arriving there before daylight. While at Grand e than twice as large as mine at this time, wrote me from Hankinson's ferry, advising me of the impossibility of supplying ou and McClernand were both at Rocky Springs ten miles from Hankinson's ferry. McPherson remained there during the 8th, while moved to Big Sandy and Sherman marched from Grand Gulf to Hankinson's ferry. The 8th [9th], McPherson moved to a point withier a battle. After McPherson crossed the Big Black at Hankinson's ferry Vicksburg could have been approached and besieged
is command across and several miles north on the road to Vicksburg. When the junction of the road going to Vicksburg with the road from Grand Gulf to Raymond and Jackson was reached, Logan with his division was turned to the left towards Grand Gulf. I went with him a short distance from this junction. McPherson had encountered tase of an attack. In making this move I estimated Pemberton's movable force at Vicksburg at about eighteen thousand men, with smaller forces at Haines' Bluff and Jackson. It would not be possible for Pemberton to attack me with all his troops at one place, and I determined to throw my army between his and fight him in detail. Thposition. My line was now nearly parallel with the Jackson and Vicksburg railroad and about seven miles south of it. The right was at Raymond eighteen miles from Jackson, McPherson commanding; Sherman in the centre on Fourteen Mile Creek, his advance thrown across; McClernand to the left, also on Fourteen Mile Creek, advance acros
W. T. Sherman (search for this): chapter 34
from Milliken's Bend to the river below until Sherman's command should relieve it. On leaving Btrated whether my plan was practicable. Even Sherman, who afterwards ignored bases of supplies othk and attack the city at once. On the 6th Sherman arrived at Grand Gulf and crossed his commandre given for a forward movement the next day. Sherman was directed to order up Blair, who had been 8th, while McClernand moved to Big Sandy and Sherman marched from Grand Gulf to Hankinson's ferry.hin a few miles west of Utica; McClernand and Sherman remained where they were. On the 10th McPherson moved to Utica, Sherman to Big Sandy; McClernand was still at Big Sandy. The 11th, McClernand was at Five Mile Creek; Sherman at Auburn; McPherson five miles advanced from Utica. May 12th, McCched and crossings effected by McClernand and Sherman with slight loss. McPherson was to the righteen miles from Jackson, McPherson commanding; Sherman in the centre on Fourteen Mile Creek, his adv[2 more...]
hed eight miles beyond to the North Fork that day. One brigade of Logan's division was sent down the stream to occupy the attention of a rebel battery, which had been left behind with infantry supports to prevent our repairing the burnt railroad bridge. Two of his brigades were sent up the bayou to find a crossing and reach the North Fork to repair the bridge there. The enemy soon left when he found we were building a bridge elsewhere. Before leaving Port Gibson we were reinforced by [Gen. Marcellus M.] Crocker's division, McPherson's corps, which had crossed the Mississippi at Bruinsburg and come up without stopping except to get two days rations. McPherson still had one division west of the Mississippi River, guarding the road from Milliken's Bend to the river below until Sherman's command should relieve it. On leaving Bruinsburg for the front I left my son Frederick, who had joined me a few weeks before, on board one of the gunboats asleep, and hoped to get away without him
Washington (search for this): chapter 34
en reinforced by more men than Banks could have brought. I therefore determined to move independently of Banks, cut loose from my base, destroy the rebel force in rear of Vicksburg and invest or capture the city. Grand Gulf was accordingly given up as a base and the authorities at Washington were notified. I knew well that Halleck's caution would lead him to disapprove of this course; but it was the only one that gave any chance of success. The time it would take to communicate with Washington and get a reply would be so great that I could not be interfered with until it was demonstrated whether my plan was practicable. Even Sherman, who afterwards ignored bases of supplies other than what were afforded by the country while marching through four States of the Confederacy with an army more than twice as large as mine at this time, wrote me from Hankinson's ferry, advising me of the impossibility of supplying our army over a single road. He urged me to stop all troops till your
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