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Quincy A. Gillmore (search for this): chapter 1.1
Sherman, and was himself relieved by General Quincy A. Gillmore on the 12th of June, 1863. Among the peremptory demand which I received from General Gillmore on the 21st for the immediate evacuation and the Federal victory was barren. In General Gillmore's dispatch to Admiral Dahlgren, dated Sepfore closing, to review a few passages of General Gillmore's book, published just after the war, andwritten in 1887, to follow.--editors. General Gillmore was considered during the war the first e had a force of at least 8000 men there. General Gillmore says, p. 12: A land attack upon Charl islands, and of the city proper; whereas General Gillmore had at that time, according to his own eso reenforce any of the above-named General Quincy A. Gillmore. From a photograph. localities wouother points equally liable to attack. General Gillmore exaggerates the formidable strength of Fo of sheltering some 750 men (not 1600, as General Gillmore says, p. 74 of his book), were added to i[9 more...]
Swamp Angel (search for this): chapter 1.1
d. [See p. 66.] I protested against the bombardment of a city filled with old men, women, and children before giving the customary notice of three or four days in which to allow them to escape from danger. From a work which was called the Swamp Angel, because of the spot where it had been erected, the enemy, with an 8-inch Parrott rifle-gun, and before receiving my answer, did open fire upon the heart of the city. I have reason to believe, however, that the energy of my protest, which. iquarters of the Federal commander, forced him to recede somewhat from the position he had at first taken, for he ultimately ordered the firing upon the city to be suspended for the space of two days. When resumed it was not continued long; the Swamp Angel gun, after 36 rounds, very fortunately burst, and none other was mounted in that locality to take its place. The result of the seven days bombardment of Sumter was to convert that historic fort into a confused mass of crumbling debris, but wi
June 12th, 1863 AD (search for this): chapter 1.1
thereafter, whenever the occasion arose, I had to withdraw troops from one quarter of the department to reenforce another. The fact that a new commander of high engineering repute, General Gillmore, had been sent to supersede General Hunter General Hunter was transferred from the Department of Kansas to the command of the Department of the South on the 31st of March, 1862, relieving Brigadier-General Thomas W. Sherman, and was himself relieved by General Quincy A. Gillmore on the 12th of June, 1863. Among the chief events of General Hunter's administration were the capture of Fort Pulaski, April 11th, 1862 (see General Gillmore's description of these operations, Vol. II., p. 1); the declaration of free-dom (April 12th, 1862) to slaves in Fort Pulaski and on Cockspur Island, Ga.; a similar declaration (May 9th) to slaves in Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina, which was annulled, ten days later by President Lincoln; and the enlistment of the first colored troops, called the 1st
July 20th, 1864 AD (search for this): chapter 1.1
t Moultrie. Sumter had been silenced for a week prior to that date. The picture shows the full height of the wall of the parapet, the first breach, and the fallen casemates of the north-western wall of Fort Sumter. Elliott had been selected by me with care for that post of honor and danger. He proved himself worthy of the confidence placed in him; as did, later on, Captain John C. Mitchel, who relieved him on the 4th of May, 1864, and lost his life while in command there on the 20th of July, 1864; he was succeeded by another brave officer, Captain T. A. Huguenin, who was fortunate enough to escape uninjured and only left the fort at its final evacuation on the 17th of February, 1865. Another gallant officer, Major John Johnson, of the Confederate States Engineers, was of much assistance in the defense of the ruins, and remained therein while they were held by us. The instructions for the evacuation of Batteries Wagner and Gregg had been prepared by me with much deliberation
J. Irvin Gregg (search for this): chapter 1.1
N., as commander. Interior of Fort Putnam, formerly the Confederate Battery Gregg, Cumming's Point, S. C. From a photograph. As a corollary to this engagemeswered but slowly to this terrible onslaught. Not so, however, with Sumter and Gregg, which fired with even more rapidity than the enemy, and, as ever, did splendidconstruction on the mainland were unfinished, I had resolved to hold Wagner and Gregg to the last extremity. Every movement of the enemy was in the meantime watched with the utmost vigilance, while the accurate firing of Sumter, Gregg, and Wagner continued seriously to interfere with the working parties engaged on his lines of sion of it would result in the useless loss of the garrisons of both Wagner and Gregg. The enemy's sap had reached the moat of the former work. The heavy Parrott so some defect in the fuses, however, the powder magazines of neither Wagner nor Gregg were exploded, although they had been lit, with all due precaution, by able off
William B. Taliaferro (search for this): chapter 1.1
orth-east end of Morris Island; all works to be pushed on day and night. On the 18th the Federal troops crowded the south end of Morris Island and took position behind their breastworks. It was clear that another attempt was about to be made against Wagner, and it was made with no less vigor than obstinacy. The New Ironsides, five monitors, and a large wooden frigate joined in the bombardment. The firing of the enemy was more rapid on that occasion than it had ever been before. General W. B. Taliaferro, of Virginia, the gallant and efficient officer in command of Battery Wagner at the time, estimated that nine hundred shot and shell were thrown in and against the battery during the eleven hours that the bombardment lasted. Wagner answered but slowly to this terrible onslaught. Not so, however, with Sumter and Gregg, which fired with even more rapidity than the enemy, and, as ever, did splendid work. After dusk on the same evening the Federal fleet, was seen to retire, and the l
Martin Koszta (search for this): chapter 1.1
s, Stettin, Ottawa, Flag, Quaker City, and Augusta. The Powhatan, Canandaigua, and Houbsatonic were the strongest vessels in the fleet.--editors. Commodore Ingraham Commodore Duncan N. Ingraham, formerly of the United States Navy. He was at one time Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography in the Navy Department, and was popularly known for his successful interference while in command of the St. Louis, in the harbor of Smyrna, resulting in the release from a Turkish prison of Martin Koszta, a Hungarian refugee who had declared his intention of becoming a citizen of the United States.--editors. agreed with me, and immediately ordered the attack. It took place on the early morning of January 31st. The Powhatan and Canandaigua were absent at the time, coaling, at Port Royal.--editors. The Palmetto State, on board of which, for the occasion, was Commodore Ingraham himself, steamed out directly toward the Federal fleet, followed by the Chicora, and fell upon and fired into
W. B. Taliaferro (search for this): chapter 1.1
he casemates on the eastern face were still filled with sand, and gave some protection to the garrison from shells. Not a single gun remained in barbette, and but a single smooth-bore 32-pounder in the west face that could be fired as the morning and evening gun. While Sumter had thus been made a mass of crumbling ruins, the enemy, except at short intervals, spared no effort to effect the demolition of Wagner also. In spite of the ability and determination of the several commanders — Taliaferro, Hagood, A. H. Colquitt, Clingman, R. F. Graham, Harrison, and L. M. Keitt — who, in turn, were placed there; in spite of the almost superhuman energy and pluck of its garrison and working parties to repair, at night, the damage done during the day, it became evident, on the 5th of September, that any further attempt to retain possession of it would result in the useless loss of the garrisons of both Wagner and Gregg. The enemy's sap had reached the moat of the former work. The heavy Par
July 10th, 1863 AD (search for this): chapter 1.1
ed rebel city; and General Gillmore, though he had overcome difficulties almost unknown in modern sieges, General Halleck's report of November 15th, 1863. did not achieve the ultimate object in view. The fact is that on or about the 10th of July, 1863, the Confederate forces available for the defense of the exterior lines of Charleston did not exceed 6500 men, distributed to the best advantage for the protection of James, Sullivan's, and Morris islands, and of the city proper; whereas Ge addition of a light parapet which I had caused to be thrown across its gorge, Wagner had thus become a closed battery, protected from a surprise on the rear. But it never was a formidable work ; and, in fact, it fought the enemy from the 10th of July, 1863, to the 6th of September of the same year, with men, artillery, and with sand. The defense of Battery Wagner, with the great difficulty of access to it and the paucity of our resources, while those of the enemy were almost unlimited, wil
John R. Brooke (search for this): chapter 1.1
more toward checking the progress of the enemy by erecting new batteries on James Island, and by strengthening others already in position there and elsewhere. I issued orders Effect of Blakely shot from Fort Sumter on the plating and the smoke-stack of the monitor Weehawken. from Photographs. to that effect, and they were vigorously carried out. Battery Simkins, in advance of Fort Johnson, on Shell Point, was one of these new batteries. It was armed with one 10-inch Columbiad, one 6.40 Brooke, and three 10-inch mortars; and guns were taken from Sumter to increase the armament of Moultrie. The damages in Battery Wagner were soon repaired, and the fire of the monitors and gun-boats was regularly answered. Three guns, instead of two, were mounted at the Shell Point Battery; and I also caused gun-batteries of 10-inch Columbiads to be substituted for the mortar-batteries at Fort Johnson. I ordered the forces on Morris Island to be reduced to a number strictly sufficient to hold o
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