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Buffalo Creek, N. Y. (New York, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
d his regiment, full eleven hundred strong, immediately thereafter crossed over to Wheeling and moved in the direction of Grafton, where Colonel Porterfield was in command, with instructions from General Lee to gather volunteers there to the number of five thousand. His recruits came in slowly, and he had written to Lee, that if re-enforcements were not speedily sent into Northwestern Virginia, that section would be lost to the Confederates. on the evening of the 27th, Kelley reached Buffalo Creek, in Marion County, when Porterfield, thoroughly alarmed, fled from Grafton with about fifteen hundred followers, and took post at Philippi, a village on the Tygart's Valley River, a branch of the Monongahela, about sixteen miles southward from Grafton. He had destroyed two bridges in Kelley's path toward Grafton, but these were soon rebuilt by the loyal Virginians, who, under their commander, entered the deserted Camp of Porterfield on the 30th. On that day, the latter Virginia Volun
Kingwood (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
rksburg, in Harrison County, on the line of the Baltimore and Ohio Railway, on the 22d of April, when resolutions, offered by John S. Carlile, a member of the Convention yet sitting in Richmond, calling an assembly of delegates of the people at Wheeling, on the 13th of May, were adopted. The course of Governor Letcher was severely condemned, and eleven citizens were chosen to represent Harrison County in the Convention at Wheeling. Meetings were held elsewhere. One of these, at Kingwood, in Preston County, May 4, 1861. evinced the most determined hostility to the conspirators, and declared that the separation of Western from Eastern Virginia was essential to the maintenance of their liberties. They also resolved to elect a representative in the National Congress. Similar sentiments were expressed at other meetings, especially in a mass Convention held at Wheeling on the 5th of May, where it was resolved to repudiate all connection with the conspirators at Richmond. A similar me
United States (United States) (search for this): chapter 20
e evening of the 31st, May 1861. and reached Fairfax Court House at about three o'clock the next morning, where Colonel (afterward General) Ewell, late of the United States dragoons, was stationed with several hundred insurgents. Tompkins captured the pickets and then dashed into the town, driving a detachment of the insurgents bthwestern Railway, ordering him to take the train some night, run up to Wheeling, and seize and carry away the arms recently sent to that place by Cameron, the United States Secretary of War, and use them in arming such men as might rally to his camp. he told him that it was advisable to cut off telegraphic communication between Wnvention was given for these officers. Governor Pierpont was a bold, patriotic, and energetic man. His first official Act was to notify the President of the United States that the existing insurrection in Virginia was too formidable to be suppressed by any means at the Governor's command, and to ask the aid of the General Govern
Washington (United States) (search for this): chapter 20
the grand Southern railway route, connecting Washington and Richmond, and another leading to the ferer in New Orleans, page 105. knowing that Washington City could be more easily defended at that dise Long Bridge, which spans the Potomac at Washington City; and engineers had been seen on those rigoubtless have secured their possession of Washington City, was at the time, and frequently afterwars raised over the General Post-Office, in Washington City, by the hand of President Lincoln. The a Toward midnight, these forces in and around Washington were put in motion for the passage of the rin plainly seen from the President's House in Washington. on the preceding day (May 23d) a Confedeharge of the troops for the protection of Washington City during the latter part of the winter and s on the Virginia bank of the Potomac, below Washington, for the purpose of obstructing the navigati Stringham, and proceeded immediately toward Washington with his flotilla. On his way up the Potoma[15 more...]
Craney Island (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
vice almost forty years. at the middle of May, May 16, 1861. Ward had been placed in command of the Potomac flotilla, which he had organized, composed of four armed propellers, of which the Thomas Freeborn was his flag-ship, and carried 32-pounders. He was sent to Hampton Roads to report to Commodore Stringham. Before reaching that Commander he had an opportunity for trying his guns. The insurgents who held possession of Norfolk and the Navy Yard had been constructing batteries on Craney Island and the main, for the protection of those posts, by completely commanding the Elizabeth River. They had also erected strong works on Sewell's Point, at the mouth of the Elizabeth; see map on page 899. and at the middle of May they had three heavy rifled cannon in position there, for the purpose of sweeping Hampton Roads. This battery was masked by a sand-hill, but did not escape the eye of Captain Henry eagle, of the National armed steamer Star, who sent several shot among the workm
Cumberland House (Canada) (search for this): chapter 20
he first initial act of an opening campaign in civil warfare, whose importance no man could estimate. Aqueduct Bridge at Georgetown. this is a view of the Aqueduct Bridge at Georgetown, over which flow the waters of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, in its extension to Alexandria, after having traversed the valley of the Potomac from the eastern base of the Alleghany Mountains. The picture is from a sketch made by the writer in the spring of 1865, from the piazza in the rear of the Cumberland House, which was the residence of Francis S. Key, author of the Star-Spangled banner, at the time when that poem was written. See Lossing's Pictorial field-book of the War of 1812. Arlington Hights are seen beyond the Potomac, with Fort Bennett on the extreme right, the flag of Fort Corcoran in the center, and three block-houses on the left, which guarded the Virginia end of the Bridge. Several of these block-houses were built on Arlington Hights early in the War, all having the same gener
Ohio (United States) (search for this): chapter 20
cretly volunteered to fight for the Union; and the National Government made preparations in Pennsylvania and beyond the Ohio River to co-operate with them at a proper moment. Both the Government and the loyal citizens of Virginia abstained from all ssigned to the command of the Department of the Ohio, which included Western Virginia. He was now ordered to cross the Ohio River with the troops under his charge, and, in conjunction with those under Colonel Kelley and others in Virginia, drive outwas pressing toward Grafton, the Ohio and Indiana troops were moving in the same direction. A part of them crossed the Ohio River at Wheeling, and another portion at Parkersburg; and they were all excepting two regiments (the Eighth and Tenth Indianhills, with the most picturesque scenery around it. Here the Baltimore and Ohio Railway, leading to Parkersburg, on the Ohio River, and the Northwestern Railway, leading to Wheeling, have a connection. It was an important military strategic point.
Ohio (Ohio, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
sh a perfect control over the telegraph, if kept up, he said, so that no dispatch can pass without your knowledge and inspection before it is sent. If troops from Ohio or Pennsylvania shall be attempted to be passed on the railroad, do not hesitate to obstruct their passage by all means in your power, even to the destruction of twas almost unanimously against it. This verdict of the people on the great question relieved the Government and the loyal Virginians from all restraints; and while Ohio and Indiana troops were moving toward the border, the patriots of Western Virginia, and especially of the River counties, rushed to arms. Camp Carlile, already formed in Ohio, opposite Wheeling, was soon full of recruits, and the first Virginia Regiment was formed. B. F. Kelley, a native of New Hampshire, but then a resident of Philadelphia, was invited to become its leader. He had lived in Wheeling, and had been commander of a volunteer Regiment there. His skill and bravery were apprec
Indianapolis (Indiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
McClellan had been called to the command of the Ohio troops, as we have observed. He was soon afterward commissioned a Major-General of Volunteers, May 14, 1861. and assigned to the command of the Department of the Ohio, which included Western Virginia. He was now ordered to cross the Ohio River with the troops under his charge, and, in conjunction with those under Colonel Kelley and others in Virginia, drive out the Confederate forces there, and advance on Harper's Ferry. He visited Indianapolis on the 24th of May, and reviewed the brigade of Indianians who were at Camp Morton, under Brigadier-General T. A. Morris. In a brief speech at the Bates House, he assured the assembled thousands that Indiana troops would be called upon to follow him and win distinction. Indiana's Roll of honor: by David Stevenson, Librarian of Indiana, page 89. two days afterward, May 26, 1861. he issued an address to the Union George B. McClellan. citizens of Western Virginia, in which he praised
Aurora, N. Y. (New York, United States) (search for this): chapter 20
ccording to the most authentic estimates. among the spoils of victory were the commander's official papers, a large quantity of baggage, three hundred and eighty stand of arms, and a regimental flag. among the prisoners captured by Kelley's command was Captain J. W. Willey, on whom papers of considerable importance were found. The flag captured at Philippi was taken by men of Captain Ferry's company of the Seventh Indiana, and the National flag of that regiment, presented by the women of Aurora, was hoisted in its place. the only serious casualty sustained by the Union forces in this engagement was the wounding of Colonel Kelley, who was shot through the right breast by a pistolball, while he was gallantly leading his troops through the town in the pursuit. He continued to press forward and urge on his men, when he fainted from loss of blood, and fell into the arms of some of his soldiers. It was believed that he was mortally hurt, and for a long time his recovery seemed almo
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