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Pittsburg Landing (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
ilous became the condition of them all, that Foote ordered them to withdraw. Then the fugitives from the shore batteries ran back to their guns, and gave the retiring flotilla some deadly parting blows. The four vessels received during the action, in the aggregate, no less than one hundred and forty-one wounds from the Confederate shot and shell, Fifty-nine shot struck the St. Louis, thirty-six hit the Louisville, twenty-six wounded the Carondelet, and twenty shot were received by the Pittsburg. and lost fifty-four men killed and maimed. After consultation with General Grant and his own officers, Foote set out for Cairo, for the purpose of having the damages to his flotilla repaired, and to bring up a competent naval force to assist in carrying on the siege with greater vigor. Report of Commodore Foote to the Secretary of the Navy, on board his flag-ship, Feb. 15th, 1862. Grant resolved to wait for his return and for large re-enforcements, meanwhile strengthening his own we
Forest (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
s designated for the grand sortie, about ten thousand in number, were under the command of Generals Pillow and Bushrod R. Johnston, the former being chief. They were put in motion from Dover at five o'clock on Saturday morning ; Feb. 15. Colonel Baldwin's brigade of three regiments of Mississippi and Tennessee troops in advance, followed by four Virginia regiments, under Colonels Wharton and McCausland, and several more under Colonels Davidson, Drake, and others. These were accompanied by Forest's cavalry and thirty heavy guns, with a full complement of artillerists. This main body were directed to attack McClernand's troops, who Bushrod R. Johnston. occupied the heights that reached to the river, just above Dover. Buckner was directed to strike Wallace's division, which lay across the Wynne's Ferry road, at about the same time, so that it should not be in a condition to aid McClernand. Pillow expected, he said, to roll the enemy in full retreat over upon General Buckner, when
Bowling Green (Indiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
Lexington, to reconnoiter the borders of the stream as far toward its upper waters as possible. When he reached the bridge of the railway between Memphis and Bowling Green, he found the draw closed, its machinery disabled, and some Confederate transports just above it, escaping up the river. A portion of the bridge was then hast Donelson, and have the best part of my army to do it, and so he sent sixteen thousand troops there, retaining only fourteen thousand men to cover his front at Bowling Green. Letter of General Johnston to Congressman Barksdale, at Richmond, March 18, 1862. It is difficult to conceive how a veteran soldier like Johnston couldtake chief command. He arrived there, with Virginia troops, on the morning of the 13th. General Simon B. Buckner was there at the head of re-enforcements from Bowling Green, and he was the only one of the three possessed of sufficient ability and military knowledge to conduct the defense with any hope of success; yet he was subord
Hermitage (Missouri, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
winding and picturesque river, whose bosom and shores have been made historical by great events. At about two o'clock in the afternoon we passed the ruins of the Cumberland Iron Works, and at three o'clock we landed at the site of Dover. The little village, with its church, court-house, and almost one hundred dwellings and stores, when Fort Donelson This fort was so named in honor of Andrew Jackson Donelson, the adopted son of President Jackson, and who at that time was occupying the Hermitage, a few miles from Nashville. He warmly espoused the cause of the conspirators. was built, had disappeared. The public buildings and most of the private ones had been laid in ashes during the war, and only a few dilapidated structures remained. At Cooley's tavern, near the landing-place (in which General Tilghman had quartered), the writer was introduced to Captain James P. Flood, the commander of the famous Flood's Second Illinois Battery, who performed gallant service at Dover, in re
Washington (United States) (search for this): chapter 9
e Army mail service, 224. the Army mail at Washington, 225. a voyage on the Cumberland River, 226eadquarters Armies of the United States, Washington, D. C., July 30th, 1866: -- Dear Sir :--nder the first call began to assemble around Washington, in April and May, 1861. The chaplain of eapost-master, and he usually called at the Washington City Post-office for the army mail. When the rmy mail after it left the post-office at Washington City. During the Peninsula campaign, the mar the Army of the Potomac was forwarded from Washington by way of Baltimore and Old Point Comfort, tere all distributed in the Post-office at Washington City, where they were assorted into regiments,sters, for the guidance of the postmaster at Washington, were furnished when troops changed localiti, says Mr. S. J. Bowen, the postmaster of Washington City, in a letter to the author, on the 22d ofthis time till we left Raleigh, en route for Washington, all mail matter was regularly received, and
Georgia (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
in the fleets of Farragut and Porter, during those marvelous expeditions on the Mississippi, its tributaries, and its mysterious bayous, carried on in connection with the armies of Grant and Banks. After a delightful voyage of twenty-four hours, we arrived at Nashville, where the writer was joined by his former traveling companions, Messrs. Dreer and Greble, of Philadelphia, with whom he afterward journeyed for six weeks upon the pathways and battle-fields of the great armies in Tennessee, Georgia, and Virginia. The aspect of Nashville, and especially its surroundings, had materially changed since the author was there in 1861. The storm of war had swept (over the country in its vicinity with fearful effect. The city itself had not suffered bombardment, yet at times it had been in imminent danger of such calamity; first on the approach of the forces of Grant and Buell, and after-ward when it was held by the National troops and was threatened by the Confederates. The hills had be
Texas (Texas, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
regnable. And within these intrenchments, when Grant appeared before them to make an assault, were more than twenty thousand effective men. These consisted of thirteen regiments of Tennessee troops, two of Kentucky, six of Mississippi, one of Texas, two of Alabama, four of Virginia, two independent battalions of Tennessee infantry, and a regiment of cavalry, under the afterward famous leader Colonel A. B. Forest. With these were artillerymen for manning six batteries of light cannon, and selonged to him. regiments, that performed such signal service, were drilled. It was converted into a prison, and early in April, 1862, after the battle of Shiloh, it contained full 8,000 captives, most of whom were from Alabama, Mississippi, and Texas. The passage of these prisoners through the country to their destinatiog produced a profound sensation. A St. Louis journal mentioned al e arrival there of ten thousand of them, on ten steamers. Prison at camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio. A l
Fort Donelson (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
Chapter 8: the siege and capture of Fort Donelson. Gun boat expedition up the Tennesseby immediate preparations for an attack on Fort Donelson, on the Cumberland River. Preparatory to making vigorous preparations for attacking Fort Donelson. The following named officers composed up the stream. Route from Fort Henry to Fort Donelson Let us observe the character and streating at the river, and broken by hollows, Fort Donelson was built. Its lines were irregular, and re successively placed in chief command of Fort Donelson, at that time. But so it was. Pillow had their march over the hilly country toward Fort Donelson, leaving behind them a brigade at Fort HiePosition of the gun-boats in the attack on Fort Donelson. I am indebted to the courtesy of Commalace For their services in the siege of Fort Donelson. Generals Grant, McClernand, and Wallace w hour after the troops began to march into Fort Donelson, the mail was being distributed to them fr[27 more...]
Connecticut (Connecticut, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
ring, and it was determined to capture Fort Donelson as speedily as possible, and then, with a heavy force, march across Tennessee and penetrate Alabama. Foote had already hurried back to Cairo with the Cincinnati, Essex, and St. Louis, to prepare mortar-boats for the new enter-prise, leaving Commander Walke, of the Carondelet, in charge of a portion of his flotilla at Fort Henry. With the spirit of the old Puritans (from whom he was descended He was a son of Senator Samuel Foote, of Connecticut, whose resolution concerning the public lands occasioned the famous debate in the Senate of the United States between Daniel Webster and Robert Y. Hayne.), who were everr eady to fight or pray, as circumstances might require, he went into the pulpit of the Presbyterian church at Cairo, on the Sunday after the capture of Fort Henry, The congregation were disappointed by the non-appearance of their pastor at the proper time, and Foote was invited to conduct the religious services of the
Saratoga, N. Y. (New York, United States) (search for this): chapter 9
salutes; and every — where the flag of the Republic was flung to the breeze, in token of profound satisfaction. The news filled the conspirators with despair, and terribly depressed the spirits of the soldiers of the Confederate army. By it Europe was made to doubt the success of the rebellion; and at some courts it produced the first serious thoughts of abandoning the cause of the conspirators. Its effect, in all relations, was similar to that of the capture of Burgoyne and his army at Saratoga, in 1777. So powerful was the impression, that the Confederate Commissioners abroad felt compelled to do all in their power to belittle the event, and, by taking advantage of the general deficiency of knowledge of American geography, The amazing territorial extent of the United States is but little comprehended in Europe, and the relative position of places mentioned in connection with the war seemed to be very little understood, even by some of the best informed writers and speakers.
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