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, by increasing the interval between them and the larger portion of their army remaining beyond the Chickahominy. On the 24th their leading troops encountered Hatton's Tennessee brigade, of Smith's division, within three miles of Seven Pines, and were driven back by it, after a sharp skirmish. It was proposed that we should prepare to hold the position then occupied by Hatton's brigade, to stop the advance of the enemy there. But it seemed to me more judicious to await a better opportunity, which the further advance of the Federal troops would certainly give, by increasing the interval between them and the three corps beyond the Chickahominy. On lished in Northern papers as from ten to twelve thousand. General Smith reported a loss of twelve hundred and thirty-three in his division, including Brigadier-General Hatton, of Tennessee, killed; and General Sumner's was twelve hundred and twenty-three, according to General McClellan's report. Three hundred and fifty pri
st leaving the wood and entering the open ground when I first saw it. Here Colston's brigade joined the Confederate, and Kearney's division the Federal troops engaged. But in the open ground the Confederates were more rapidly successful than in theeft in the road where we found them. Longstreet reported nine thousand men of his division engaged with Hooker's and Kearney's divisions on the right. General Sumner, the ranking Federal officer on the field, stated that two-thirds of Smith's dps, united in this second position, was assailed with such spirit by the Confederate troops that, although reenforced by Kearney's division of Heintzelman's corps, it was broken, divided, and driven from its ground — the greater part along the Willawal of the Confederates to their camps on Monday, although his statement shows clearly that all his troops and Keyes's Kearney's division; Hooker's was not engaged. that fought there were defeated, and driven back six or seven miles to the shelter
Goode Bryan (search for this): chapter 5
mmander, Commodore Tatnall, would never permit the vessel to fall into the hands of the enemy. The possession of James River by the naval forces of the United States, consequent upon this event, and their attack upon the Confederate battery at Drury's Bluff, suggested the necessity of being ready to meet an advance upon Richmond up the river, as well as from the direction of West Point. The Confederate forces were, in consequence, ordered to cross the Chickahominy on the 15th. And Colonel Goode Bryan, with his regiment of Georgia riflemen, was sent to aid in the defense of Drury's Bluff; by occupying the wooded bluff on the north side of the river, and immediately below the battery. On this height his rifles could easily have commanded the decks of vessels in the river below. On the l7th, the army encamped about three miles from Richmond, in front of the line of redoubts constructed in 1861. Hill's division in the centre, formed across the Williamsburg road; Longstreet's on the
Confederates soon overcame their resistance, and drove them back to the main position of the first line of Keyes's corps-Casey's division. It occupied a line of rifle-pits, strengthened by a redoubt, and covered by abatis. Here the resistance wass division at Seven Pines. R. II. Anderson's brigade, transferred by Longstreet to the first line, after the capture of Casey's position, bore a prominent part in the last contest. Keyes's corps, united in this second position, was assailed wiemy. The direction of the firing was then (near five o'clock) decidedly to the right of Seven Pines. It was probably at Casey's intrenched position. The firing at Fair Oaks soon increased, and I rode back to that field-still unconvinced, howevfired a shot. On the Williamsburg road four Federal divisions, three of which had fought and been thoroughly beaten-one, Casey's, almost destroyed. On the Confederate side, thirteen brigades, but five of which had been engaged on Saturday-when the
eyond our left by a Federal brigade did not affect us, otherwise than by the loss of some four hundred men by the two Confederate regiments that attacked it — an attack due to the fact that its existence was unknown to us, until General Early, issuing from a wood, came upon it suddenly. The army had no ambulances, and the wagons had moved on in the morning. We were compelled, therefore, to leave all the wounded unable to march. At eleven o'clock at night, when all had been cared for, Dr. Cullen, General Longstreet's chief surgeon, reported that the number was about four hundred. In the Federal reports, a victory is claimed at Williamsburg. The proofs against that claim are: That what deserves to be called fighting, ceased two hours before dark, yet the Confederates held the field until the next morning, when they resumed their march. That they fought only to protect their trains and artillery, and accomplished that object. That, although they marched but twelve miles
D. H. Hill (search for this): chapter 5
ederate right wing, Longstreet's the centre, D. H. Hill's the left, and Smith's the reserve. The fiy Longstreet and Stuart to be so sharp, that D. H. Hill's division, which had marched several miles, no lurkers or stragglers from Longstreet's and Hill's divisions. The day after the action those by New Kent Court-House, and Longstreet's and Hill's that by the Long Bridges. In these marches t at least. This fact was reported to me by General Hill soon after noon. He was informed, in reply,n until two o'clock, Longstreet put his own and Hill's in motion toward the enemy, in order of battl to the southeast into White-oak Swamp. General Hill pursued the enemy toward Bottom's Bridge, me brigade was near the left of Longstreet's and Hill's line, learned that a strong body of Federal td to struggle. The loss in Longstreet's and Hill's divisions was about three thousand; Longstreder the protection of these intrenchments while Hill was gathering the arms scattered in woods and t[19 more...]
urn off at the Burnt Ordinary, toward the Diascund Bridge; to be followed, at two o'clock next morning, by G. W. Smith's, which was to keep the New Kent road. The baggage was to move next, in rear of which D. H. Hill's and Longstreet's divisions were to march. This order of march was based on the idea that a part of the Federal army might pass us by the river. About four o'clock P. M., the cavalry rear-guard, on the Yorktown road, was driven in, and rapidly followed by the enemy. Brigadier-General McLaws was sent with the two brigades nearest, Kershaw's and Semmes's, to support the rear-guard. He met the enemy near and beyond Fort Magruder, made his dispositions with prompt skill and courage, and quickly drove the Federal troops from the field, taking a piece of artillery. At sunset a rearguard of two brigades of Longstreet's division-Anderson's and Pryor's, commanded by General Anderson-occupied Fort Magruder and four of the little redoubts on its right, and two of those on the
J. B. Hood (search for this): chapter 5
security of our march required that he should be dislodged, and General Smith was intrusted with this service. He performed it very handsomely with Hampton's and Hood's brigades, under Whiting, driving the enemy, in about two hours, a mile and a half through the wood, to the protection of their vessels-of-war. General Smith's tned on equal terms; although the Confederates engaged superior numbers in a position of their own choosing. I had passed the railroad some little distance with Hood's brigade, when the action commenced, and stopped to see its termination. But, being confident that the Federal troops opposing ours were those whose camps I had just seen, and therefore not more than a brigade, I did not doubt that General Smith was quite strong enough to cope with them. General Hood was desired to go forward, therefore, and, connecting his right with Longstreet's left, to fill upon the right flank of his enemy. The direction of the firing was then (near five o'clock)
J. E. B. Stuart (search for this): chapter 5
e Federal force on the field continued to increase, Pickett's and Colston's brigades also reenforced ours. At noon the fighting was reported by Longstreet and Stuart to be so sharp, that D. H. Hill's division, which had marched several miles, was ordered back to Williamsburg, and I returned myself; for at ten o'clock, when therallel to the main road, found no lurkers or stragglers from Longstreet's and Hill's divisions. The day after the action those troops marched at daybreak, and Stuart's at sunrise, and encamped soon after noon at the Burnt Ordinary, twelve miles from Williamsburg; Smith's and Magruder's divisions were stationary; Colonel Fitzhumunication between the two parts of the Confederate army. At night, when the major-generals were with me to receive instructions for the expected battle, General Stuart, who had a small body of cavalry observing McDowell's corps, reported that the troops that had been marching southward from Fredericksburg had returned. This
G. B. McClellan (search for this): chapter 5
es in Virginia at this time. advance of General McClellan. reported movement of McDowell. battleable forces of the Confederacy, to fall upon McClellan's army when it should come within reach. M concentrate all his available forces before McClellan's army. In making the suggestion on this se the probability of so great an accession to McClellan's force as McDowell could bring, this intelly-three of our twenty-seven brigades against McClellan's left wing--about two-fifths of his army. t three thousand; Longstreet's report. General McClellan adds Hill's loss, twenty-five hundred, te hundred and twenty-three, according to General McClellan's report. Three hundred and fifty pras the Northern people prefer to call it-General McClellan made no step forward, but employed his tation the formation of a great army to repel McClellan's invasion, by assembling all the Confederathe proofs against these claims are, that General McClellan, who had been advancing, although cautio[2 more...]
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