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ent five ships, with a colony, to settle on Roanoke Island.
Storms drove them into the entrance to Chesapeake Bay, when they ascended the Powhatan River 50 miles, landed, and built a hamlet, which they called Jamestown.
The stream they named James River—both in compliment to their King.
After various vicissitudes, the settlement flourished, and, in 1619, the first representative Assembly in Virginia was held at Jamestown.
Then were laid the foundations of the State of Virginia (q. v.). Manhakers, and settlements were immediately begun there, in addition to some already made by the Swedes within the domain.
Unsuccessful attempts to settle in the region of the Carolinas had been made before the English landed on the shores of the James River.
Some settlers went into North Carolina from Jamestown, between the years 1640 and 1650, and in 1663 a settlement in the northern part of North Carolina had an organized government, and the country was named Carolina, in honor of Charles II.,
l more disastrous.
The whole remittance from the colonies for the previous year for duties on teas and wines, and other articles taxed indirectly, amounted to no more than about $400, while ships and soldiers for the support of the collecting officers had cost about $500,000; and the East India Company had lost the sale of goods to the amount of $2,500,000 annually for four or five years.
After the proclamation of King George III., in 1775, Joseph Hawley, one of the stanch patriots of New England, wrote from Watertown to Samuel Adams, in Congress: The eyes of all the continent are on your body to see whether you act with firmness and intrepidity—with the spirit and despatch which our situation calls for. It is time for your body to fix on periodical annual elections—nay, to form into a parliament of two houses.
This was the first proposition for the establishment of an independent national government for the colonies.
On April 6, 1776, the Continental Congress, by resolution,