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e and blueback salmon fry were hatched and planted in Baker Lake, Washington, and in Skagit River. During the calendar year 1900 the yield of salmon was 2,843,132 cases, valued at $2,348,142. The American fur-seal herd in the waters of Alaska continued to decrease in numbers through the maintenance of pelagic sealing. Fishing Bounties. In 1792 an act of Congress re-established the old system of bounties to which the American fisherman had been accustomed under the British government. All vessels employed for the term of four months, at least, in each year, on the Newfoundland banks, and other cod-fisheries, were entitled to a bounty varying from $1 to $2.50 per ton, according to their size, three-eighths to go to the owners and five-eighths to the fishermen. The national benefit of the fisheries as a nursery for seamen in case of war was urged as the chief argument in favor of the bounties. That benefit was very conspicuous when the war with Great Britain occurred in 1812-15.
nt property. Indeed, New England had planned, and furnished the forces for, the first reduction of Cape Breton, and had rendered conspicuous assistance in the acquisition of Nova Scotia and Canada by the English. The Congress, on March 23, 1779, in committee of the whole, agreed that the right to fish on the coasts of Nova Scotia, the banks of Newfoundland, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and the straits of Labrador and Belle Isle, should in no case be given up. In the final treaty of peace (1783) the fishery question was satisfactorily settled. In the summer of 1845 some ill-feeling was engendered between the United States and Great Britain concerning the fisheries on the coasts of British America in the East. American fishermen were charged with a violation of the treaty of 1818 with Great Britain, which stipulated that they should not cast their lines or nets in the bays of the British provinces, except at the distance of 3 miles or more from shore. Now the British Government
two governments seemed inevitable, but the dispute was amicably settled by mutual concessions in October, 1853. See Alaska; Anglo-American commission; Bering sea question; Halifax fishing award. The fisheries industries of the United States in 1900 were chiefly carried on in three sections known as the New England, the Pacific coast, and the Great Lakes fisheries. The United States government for several years has been liberally promoting the fishery industry, and several of the States, havthe fry liberated, a gain of 2,000,000 over the previous year. For the Pacific coast fisheries more than 10,000,000 sockeye and blueback salmon fry were hatched and planted in Baker Lake, Washington, and in Skagit River. During the calendar year 1900 the yield of salmon was 2,843,132 cases, valued at $2,348,142. The American fur-seal herd in the waters of Alaska continued to decrease in numbers through the maintenance of pelagic sealing. Fishing Bounties. In 1792 an act of Congress re-esta
ill. immemorial usage. New England, at the beginning of the war, had, by act of Parliament, been debarred from fishing on the banks of Newfoundland, and they claimed that, in any treaty of peace, these fisheries ought to be considered as a perpetual joint property. Indeed, New England had planned, and furnished the forces for, the first reduction of Cape Breton, and had rendered conspicuous assistance in the acquisition of Nova Scotia and Canada by the English. The Congress, on March 23, 1779, in committee of the whole, agreed that the right to fish on the coasts of Nova Scotia, the banks of Newfoundland, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and the straits of Labrador and Belle Isle, should in no case be given up. In the final treaty of peace (1783) the fishery question was satisfactorily settled. In the summer of 1845 some ill-feeling was engendered between the United States and Great Britain concerning the fisheries on the coasts of British America in the East. American fishermen w
een rendering independent assistance, both the national and State governments maintaining large hatcheries. The report of the commissioner of fish and fisheries for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1900, but principally covering the calendar year 1899, shows that the national government distributed 1,164,336,754 fish, an increase, principally of shad, cod, flat-fish, white-fish, and lake trout, of about 100,000,000 over the previous year. The stocking of suitable streams with various species oeries of Rhode Island and Connecticut yielded catches valued at $1,910,684. The lobster fisheries yielded $1,276,900. On the Great Lakes 3,728 persons and 104 vessels were engaged, representing an investment of $2,719,600, and in the calendar year 1899 the catches amounted to 58,393,000 lbs., valued at $1,150,890. About 15,000,000 lake-trout eggs were collected on the spawning grounds of Lake Michigan, and more than 12,000,000 on those of Lake Superior, and at the Lake Erie station more than 337
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