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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Adam Badeau, Military history of Ulysses S. Grant from April 1861 to April 1865. Volume 1. Search the whole document.

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Fort Pillow (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 7
on the east to the upland plains of Tennessee and Mississippi, while on the west it is bounded by the lesser elevations of drift alone. The bluffs that form the escarpment of the eastern plains are usually quite steep, and thickly overgrown with timber, underbrush, and vines. At various points in its course the river touches one extremity or the other of the bottom-land, washing the base of the bluffs, and often cutting deeply into the soft strata of which they are composed. Columbus, Fort Pillow, Memphis, Helena, Vicksburg, Grand Gulf, and Port Hudson are points of this kind, and rise from eighty to two hundred feet above the freshets. The Mississippi is, perhaps, the most tortuous stream in the world. Its course is frequently north, east, south, and west, within a circuit of twenty miles. Every few years it deviates from its channel here and there, leaving the former bed for some new route, and creating islands and peninsulas innumerable; the flat nature of the country and t
Tensas River (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 7
e to Halleck: January 31. I am pushing every thing to gain a passage, avoiding Vicksburg. Grant gave orders for cutting a way from the Mississippi to Lake Providence and went himself to that place on the 4th of February, remaining there several days. This sheet of water is a portion of the old bed of the river, and lies about a mile west of the present channel. It is six miles long, and connected by Bayou Baxter with Bayou Macon, a navigable stream communicating in its turn with the Tensas, Washita, and Red rivers. Through these various channels it was thought possible to open a route by which transports of light draught might reach the Mississippi again, below, and thus enable Grant to reinforce Banks (then on either the Red river or the Atchafalaya), and to cooperate with him against Port Hudson. The levee was cut, and a canal opened between the river and the lake, through which the water passed rapidly; but peculiar difficulties were encountered in clearing Bayou Baxter
rman and Admiral Porter proceed to Deer creek Porter gets into danger Sherman rescues the fleet fing of Vicksburg batteries Cooperation of Admiral Porter attack on Grand Gulf failure to silence by's orders, however, were not yet revoked. Porter pushed along with his unwieldy iron-clads, thrthe Rolling Fork. Here, on the 20th of March, Porter was attacked by sharpshooters, to whom his heath rations and forage. The cooperation of Admiral Porter was necessary in this part of the undertak, McClernand resented it as interference. Admiral Porter, after the running of the batteries, also , on that place. But all in vain. Finally, Porter wrote to Sherman, with whom he was intimate, a demonstrated; the enemy also suspended fire. Porter's loss was eighteen killed and fifty-six wound western shore, three miles below Grand Gulf. Porter promptly acquiesced, and that night the gunboarts, while the gunboats which had been left by Porter north of Vicksburg (eight in number), also app[17 more...]
Charles F. Smith (search for this): chapter 7
overflowed forest to the levee at New Carthage; but, the ferriage of an entire army in this way would have been exceedingly tedious, and a new route was found from Smith's plantation, where the crevasse had occurred, to Perkins's, twelve miles below. This made the march from Milliken's bend to the new point from which it was-now p of them six hundred feet long, had to be laid across the swollen bayous which interrupted this route. These were built of the barges and flats previously used at Smith's plan. tation, and of forest timber found near the crossing. The transport route, through Duckport canal and the bayous, had just become practicable, when a fhat you should get possession of Grand Gulf at the earliest practicable moment. . . . I wanted particularly to see you about the facilities for getting troops from Smith's plantation to New Carthage, and the chances for embarking there. On the 13th: It is not desirable that you should move in any direction from Grand Gulf, but re
ch the rebels were as completely masters as though the national flag had never been supreme above its waters. But Banks, with an army of forty thousand men, and Farragut, with the fleet that had subdued New Orleans, were directed to put forth every effort against Port Hudson; while to Grant and his subordinates was assigned the tnd distracted, in advance of the great trial of their spirit and strength which was sure to come in the end. While all these operations had been going on, Admiral Farragut, with a part of his fleet, had run by the batteries at Port Hudson, and communicated with Grant. For a while, he lay just below Warrenton, having even passed the fortifications at Grand Gulf. Through Farragut, Grant was enabled to communicate with Banks. All hope of receiving any aid from that officer had long since been abandoned; he had found the capture of Port Hudson as difficult a task as that of Vicksburg had proven to Grant; and, the latter, when it became apparent that neit
ers, and lieutenant-colonel on Grant's staff at the period of these operations. Winding through this abnormal region, the Mississippi makes a sudden bend below Young's point, opposite the mouth of the Yazoo, and turning towards the northeast, flows in that direction some four or five miles, till it strikes the Vicksburg hills, cooperating fleet numbered sixty vessels of all classes, carrying two hundred and eighty guns and eight hundred men. The troops composing the expedition were at Young's point and Milliken's bend, and fifty thou. sand in number; they consisted of the Fifteenth and Seventeenth, and part of the Thirteenth corps; these had already o Halleck the plan which he next essayed. It was the last: There is a system of bayous running from Milliken's bend, also from near the river at this point (Young's point), that are navigable for large and small steamers, passing around by Richmond to New Carthage. There is also a good wagon-road from Milliken's bend to New
Henry W. Halleck (search for this): chapter 7
lle, belonging to Barton, Robinson & Co., contractors. H. W. Halleck, General-in-chief. February 17. We have one dredarmy corps to cooperate with Banks. On the 2d of April, Halleck wrote to Grant, using these words: . . . What is most desiy the near prospect of his removal. On the 2d of April, Halleck informed him that the President seems to be rather impati success prevails. In the following words he described to Halleck the plan which he next essayed. It was the last: Thof that. As early as February 4th, Grant had written to Halleck about this route: There is no question but that this routes to be let into the canal. Grant, at this time, wrote to Halleck: The embarrassment I have had to contend against, on accou. On the 29th, after passing Grand Gulf, Grant wrote to Halleck: I feel now that the battle is more than half over. Durinnfidence had never failed. On the 2d of April, he said to Halleck: In two weeks I expect to be able to collect all my forces
John Ross (search for this): chapter 7
er, a way was open to the Tallahatchie, and Brigadier-General Ross, with forty-five hundred men, was ordered iThe difficulty of procuring light transports delayed Ross over a week. but the combined fleet entered the pasBrigadier-General Quimby, was sent to the support of Ross; but, shortly afterwards, McPherson, with his whole ir shorter lines, to Greenwood. In order to relieve Ross, who was now in imminent danger of being surrounded,e, he wrote, it will so confuse the enemy as to save Ross's force. If not, I shall feel restless for his fate under Porter. The object was, not only to liberate Ross, but to find a practicable passage to the Yazoo, witrman's cooperation , and urged him to the support of Ross from the north, saying: Sherman will come in below tured; his previous orders to go to the assistance of Ross were therefore countermanded, Grant now intending tohis original camps opposite Vicksburg. Meanwhile, Ross had withdrawn from before Fort Pemberton, and on his
John A. Rawlins (search for this): chapter 7
e country, which was in no temper to endure another reverse; he was determined to take no step backward, and so declared. Sherman thereupon returned to his own headquarters, and, on the 8th of April, addressed a formal communication to Lieutenant-Colonel Rawlins, Grant's chief of staff, in which he again set forth the advantages of the route he had recommended, and suggested that Grant should call on all his corps commanders for their views. Let the line of the Yallabusha be the base, he sairefer he should not answer them, but merely give them as much or as little weight as they deserve; whatever plan of action he may adopt will receive from me the same zealous cooperation and energetic support as though conceived by myself. Colonel Rawlins handed the paper to Grant without saying a word; Grant read it carefully but in silence, and after the perusal was finished made no comment. The orders were not revoked, the council of war was not called, and the letter has never since been
A. E. Burnside (search for this): chapter 7
at the delay, to render it necessary to urge upon you the importance of early action; but, added in his own behalf: I am confident that you will do every thing possible to open the Mississippi river. And, indeed, it is not surprising that the government should have urged him on. No substantial victory had cheered the flagging spirits of the North, since Grant's own successes at Corinth and Iuka, of the preceding autumn. Banks had achieved no military results, with his mammoth expedition; Burnside, in December, had suffered the repulse at Fredericksburg; Rosecrans had not got further than Murfreesboro; and, the great force of sixty or seventy thousand men, at Grant's disposal, had accomplished absolutely nothing, during six long, weary months of effort and delay. The rebels were confident of the security of their stronghold, and taunted Grant with his failures; every new plan awoke new demonstrations of contempt, and Vicksburg was pronounced by Mr. Jefferson Davis to be the Gibral
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