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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.). Search the whole document.

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Leedsville (New York, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
ind the Rich Mountain and Laurel Hill ridge, first through the two villages of Beverly, and of Leedsville more to northward. This is the turnpike which Garnett undertook to cover, and he occupied theo columns. The first, composed of Morris's brigade, occupied Philippi, on the road leading to Leedsville by way of Laurel Hill: it was determined that this column should make a demonstration against to effect a junction with Garnett. Finally, McClellan, having preceded him to Beverly, on the Leedsville road, occupied the former village on the 12th of July, and on the following day Pegram and sixsed of the presence of McClellan at Beverly, he had the good fortune to pass once more through Leedsville before Morris, who had not watched him sufficiently, had arrived there from Laurel Hill. But troops, exhausted by the rapid countermarch, soon fell into disorder. Morris, who had reached Leedsville shortly after him, harassed his retreat, and finally overtook him at Carricksford, twelve kilo
Mexico, Mo. (Missouri, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
decided influence. It will suffice to say in this place that during the first year, which alone occupies our present attention, the government was obliged to furnish more than twenty thousand wagons and eighty-four thousand mules, without counting the wagons brought by the soldiers themselves from their respective States. The military transportation was effected exclusively by means of wagons, pack-horses being seldom employed in the United States. The officers who had made use of them in Mexico, while recognizing the advantages of their employment in certain cases, did not deem it expedient to recommend their adoption in a country where wagon-roads are so easily constructed. This system would be attended by the very great inconvenience of making each animal carry a lighter load than if in harness; moreover, it would have been impossible to find experienced drivers to manage these pack-animals. A large establishment was established at Perryville, on the Susquehanna, where mules we
Tennessee River (United States) (search for this): chapter 5
ition, and even soldiers. An army appuyee upon one of these rivers can easily receive all the supplies it needs. So long as it controls the waters its resources are unlimited. Piers can easily be improvised from the forests which border the banks; upon this level highway no impediments are ever met with, no intermediate loadings or unloadings; the cargoes can be transported directly from the large cities of Cincinnati or St. Louis to the vicinity of the Federal camps on the banks of the Tennessee or the Mississippi, a distance of three or four hundred leagues from the point of departure. Let us, in a few words, give an outline of the general configuration and the ensemble of those rivers in the States that were the theatre of the war. The whole system of water-courses in that vast region of country may be divided into two parts, entirely distinct and separated by a long line, which, broken at a single point, extends from the banks of the Mississippi to those of the Potomac.
Annandale (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
ore, there only remained to him, besides cross-roads, the turnpike from Alexandria to Warrenton, which, running from east to west, passes through the villages of Annandale and Fairfax Court-house before it reaches Centreville. It became necessary, therefore, to move the greatest portion of the army with its baggage on a single rouand encamp at Vienna, in order to fall back, by a cross-movement, on Fairfax Court-house the following day; Miles's division was to follow the turnpike as far as Annandale, then to turn to the left into an old road called Braddock Road, because it had been formerly constructed by General Braddock. Hunter followed Miles, Annandale Annandale being designated as his first halting-place. Heintzelman, with the strongest division, was directed to proceed by certain cross-roads which, passing south of the line of railway, led to the bank of a stream called Pohick Creek. The soldiers carried three days rations in their haversacks. The supply-trains were to leave Alexandri
Massachusetts (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
r with a few chiefs who were to play a distinguished part in the war, a considerable number of educated and industrious men, who contributed powerfully to the organization of the volunteers. Selections were unquestionably made which were dictated either by political influence or personal favor; and among the first major-generals appointed by Mr. Lincoln we find two— Messrs. Banks and Butler—who are the two types of the class then styled political generals: Banks, a former workingman of Massachusetts, who through his intelligence had attained the highest civil positions, of a loyal character and universally esteemed, but totally ignorant of military matters—who, although fully aware of this fact, was nevertheless anxious to obtain a command, aggravating his first error in action by mistrust of himself and untoward hesitations, and who did not always succeed in staving off, by his great personal courage, the disastrous results of enterprises he had imprudently undertaken; Butler, a sh<
Warrenton (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
irst, the railway bridge at Gordon Mills, and above only two fords—Mitchell's Ford and Blackburn's Ford, both difficult of access. Higher up, the declivities are less abrupt, the fords become more numerous, and the main road from Alexandria to Warrenton crosses the river over a stone bridge. Beyond this bridge, ascending the course of Bull Run, the country is flat, intersected with woods and small clearings; and in the vicinity of Sudeley Springs, this stream, fordable at every point, is no lines, far from any road, and is intersected by numerous wooden bridges that a retreating enemy could easily destroy. In order to follow this direction, therefore, there only remained to him, besides cross-roads, the turnpike from Alexandria to Warrenton, which, running from east to west, passes through the villages of Annandale and Fairfax Court-house before it reaches Centreville. It became necessary, therefore, to move the greatest portion of the army with its baggage on a single route, lea
Bunker Hill (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
n, who was subsequently to acquire such great celebrity, and the cavalry of Stuart, a friend of the latter, doomed to perish like him, while leaving a reputation almost equal to his own. The first feats of arms of these two illustrious officers in behalf of the cause they had just espoused were not fortunate. Cut up by the Federal artillery, which was better served than their own, they were obliged, on the arrival of Abercrombie's brigade, to beat a speedy retreat, only stopping at Bunker's Hill, between Martinsburg and Winchester, where they found reinforcements forwarded in haste by Johnston. Patterson, on his part, was satisfied with this advantage, and believing that his troops were not in a condition to continue the campaign, stopped at Martinsburg, in order to secure his means of transportation and reorganize the 18,000 men he had then under his command. He thus left the Confederates in possession of Winchester, although they were scarcely 8000 strong, and so entirely un
Gulf of Mexico (search for this): chapter 5
tly into the sea, emptying either into the Atlantic or into the Gulf of Mexico. On the opposite slope, these waters rush from every point of arates the Atlantic slope from that portion of the basin of the Gulf of Mexico which lies east of the Mississippi; it is a fertile country, ve the Mississippi traces from the centre of the continent to the Gulf of Mexico, and the waters of which may mark a geographical division, but into two distinct basins, that of the Atlantic and that of the Gulf of Mexico; the one of peculiar importance, the other comparatively insign three distinct groups in the three basins of the Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Mississippi, with scarcely any connection between thembasin with the other two groups. The States bordering on the Gulf of Mexico, more recently settled and less populated than those of the Easgroups corresponding with the three basins of the Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico and the Ohio respectively. They are only connected by a few li
Dahlonega (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
, like their cannon, partly produced at the South and partly imported from Europe. The chief thing required was powder. Charcoal was not wanting; the caves of the Alleghanies abounded in saltpetre; the refineries of Louisiana furnished sulphur, which they used in refining sugar, and of which they had large stores. With these materials the government was able to manufacture an article of powder somewhat coarse, but of a sufficiently good quality. Its principal powder-mill was at Dahlonega, in Georgia; its manufactories of percussion-caps in Richmond; its cartridge-factory first in Memphis and then at Grenada. Thanks to the activity of these establishments, the Confederate armies were never in want of ammunition. The government never thought of making use of the cotton which it controlled for war purposes. It could not procure the different materials necessary for the manufacture of gun-cotton (pyroxyle), and especially of nitric acid; nor had it time to make experiments upon t
Ohio (Ohio, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
shall now follow the military operations to which, since the early part of July, McClellan had given a fresh impulse in West Virginia. This region is divided into two sections—on one side, an undulating plateau, fertile and well watered, extending between the Ohio and the mountains; on the other, the region of the Alleghanies, composed of long parallel ridges, enclosing deep valleys —a wild country, without roads and easy to defend. As we have already stated, the troops sent by the State of Ohio had, after a few skirmishes, occupied all the northern part of the plain, and covered the line of railways which crosses it. But the Confederates were preparing to dispute once more the possession of this region of country. They had massed troops along the lower course of the Great Kanawha, a river which, running from east to west, divides the plain into two parts, and General Garnett, while waiting for reinforcements from Richmond, had posted himself along the westernmost ridge of the
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