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Clarendon, Ark. (Arkansas, United States) (search for this): chapter 3
p XIII} 1663 Sir John Yeamans, the son of a Cavalier, a needy baronet, who, to mend his fortune, had become a 1663 Barbadoes planter, was appointed governor, with a jurisdiction extending from Cape Fear to the St Matheo. The country was called Clarendon. Make things easy to the people of New England, from thence the greatest supplies are expected; such were his instructions. Under an ample grant of liberties for the colony, he conducted, in the autumn of 1665, a band of emigrants from Barbadof colonies already existed; imagination encouraged in futurity every extravagant anticipation. It was deemed proper to establish a form of government commensurate in its dignity with the auspices of the colony and the vastness of the country; Clarendon was no longer in England; and Ashley Cooper, earl of Shaftesbury, the most active and the most able of the corporators, was deputed to frame for the dawning states a perfect constitution, worthy to endure throughout all ages. Shaftesbury was
orth as Cape Carteret, as far south as the Spaniards would tolerate. Having touched at Ireland and Barbadoes, Chalmers, 529, says Barbadoes; and not inadvertently. Dalcho, Hist. of Prot. Ep. Church in S. C., p. 9, shows that Sayle was at Bermuda. Dalcho is very useful for the early history of S. C., and is more scrupulous than Ramsay. the ships Chap XIII.} 1670 which bore the company entered the well-known waters where the fleet of Ribault had anchored, and examined the site where thehrough Germany and Holland, and thence to England, in the depths of winter. Having embarked at London, we were sadly off. The spotted fever appeared on board the vessel, and many died of the disease; among these, our aged mother. We touched at Bermuda, where the vessel was seized. Our money was all spent; with great difficulty we procured a passage in another vessel. After our arrival in Carolina we suffered every kind of evil. In eighteen months, Chap XIII.} our eldest brother, unaccust
Shaftesbury (United Kingdom) (search for this): chapter 3
d by the revolutions of the times; but he has been falsely charged with political inconsistency. He often changed his associates, never his purposes; Constantia, fide, vix parem alibi invenias, superiorem certe nullibi. Locke's Epitaph on Shaftesbury. Locke, IX. 281. alike the enemy to absolute monarchy and to democratic influence, he resolutely connected his own aggrandizement with the privileges and interests of British commerce, of Protestant religious liberty, and of the landed aristo wonted lights in the heavens were darkened, Shaftesbury was a daring and successful statesman; for he knew how to evolve a rule of conduct from general principles. At a time when John Locke was unknown to the ???669 world, the sagacity of Shaftesbury had detected the deep riches of his mind, and selected him for a bosom friend and adviser in the work of legislation for Carolina. Locke was at this time in the midway of life, adorning the clearest understanding with the graces of gentleness
Carolina City (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 3
ter 13: Shaftesbury and Locke Legislate for Carolina. MEANTIME civilization had advanced at thepersona, &c. In framing constitutions for Carolina, Locke forgot the fundamental principles of pf the fifty who composed the grand council of Carolina, fourteen only represented the commons, and oby a fire, till at last he reached a house in Carolina, and obtained the luxury of a mat by the firele and England; the new officers embarked for Carolina by way of the West Indies, where Eastchurch r., 1682, p. 37. Shaftesbury a great patron to Carolina. were given, soon attracted attention; those not in 1674. Imagination already regarded Carolina as the chosen Chap XIII.} spot for the cultuchurch of England could look to the shores of Carolina as the refuge where they were assured of favond; some mingled with the earlier planters of Carolina. Archdale, 14. Hewat, i. 89. Chalmers, 5e grant of all their merchandise and debts in Carolina, in the end dismissed him from office, on the[50 more...]
West Branch Cooper River (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 3
animated zeal, were alike admitted without question, and where the fires of religious persecution were never to be kindled. There Chap XIII} they obtained an assignment of lands, and soon had tenements; there they might safely make the woods the scene of their devotions, and join the simple incense of their psalms to the melodies of the winds among the ancient groves. Their church was in Charleston; and thither, on every Lord's day, gathering from their plantations upon the banks of the Cooper, and taking advantage of the ebb and flow of the tide, they might all regularly be seen, the parents with their children, whom no bigot could now wrest from them, making their way in light skiffs, through scenes so tranquil, that silence was broken only by the rippling of oars, and the hum of the flourishing village at the confluence of the rivers. Other Huguenot emigrants established themselves on the south bank of the Santee, in a region which has since been celebrated for affluence and
Ashley River (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 3
1, 1671, it was known in England that the colony had planted in Ashley River. There is no evidence that the ships did more than sail into thell. Wilson, in his Carolina, p. 7, says nothing of Port Royal. Ashley River first settled in 1670. sailed into Ashley River, and on the firsAshley River, and on the first high land, in a spot that seemed convenient for tillage and pasturing, the three Wilson's Carolina, 7. shiploads of emigrants, who as yetitution of negro slavery is coeval with the first plantations on Ashley River. Of the original thirteen states, South Carolina alone was from and almost within a year from the arrival of the first fleet in Ashley River, two ships came with Dutch emigrants from New York, and were subthemselves at Port Royal; Ramsay says, in 1682. the colony of Ashley River claimed over them a jurisdiction which was reluctantly conceded.glish revolution of 1688 was therefore imitated on the banks of the Ashley and Cooper. Soon after William 1690 and Mary were proclaimed, a m
South Carolina (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 3
comprising all the territory of North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, rebels, in the paradise of Quakers. Of South Carolina, the first settlement was founded by the pDalcho is very useful for the early history of S. C., and is more scrupulous than Ramsay. the shipsnts, who as yet formed the whole people of South Carolina, selected their resting-place, and began te is absorbed in a plantation. Drayton's S. Carolina, 200. Yet, few as were the settlers, who haparliament. Such was the government which South Carolina instituted for herself; it did not deem ity misjudged; there was already a people in South Carolina; and if the aristocratic council acknowlede of institutions for education, for which South Carolina was afterwards distinguished. The instituemarkable incident in the early history of South Carolina, and was the result of a persecution, whice inviting to the exiles of Languedoc, and South Carolina became the chief resort of the Huguenots. [11 more...]
Virginia (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 3
hat had heard of the river that lay south-west of the Appomattox, petitioned, and soon obtained leave of the 1643 Virginia legislature to prosecute the discovery, under the promise of a fourteen years monopoly of the profits. Hening, i. 262. Williamson, i. 91. For more than twenty years, &c. Had Williamson for his opinion other grounds than this act, which, however, does not sustain his statement? He cites no authority. Exploring parties to the south not less than to the west, to Southern Virginia, or Carolina, Thurloe, II. 273, 274. Hening, i. 552. the early name, which had been retained in the days of Charles I. and of Cromwell, and which was renewed under Charles II., Compare Carolina, by T. A 1682, p. 3. continued to be encouraged by similar giants. Clayborne, Hening, i. 377. the early trader in Maryland, 1652 still cherished a fondness for discovery; and the sons of Governor Yeardley Thurloe, II. 273, 274. Letter of Francis Yeardley to John Farrar. wrote to
Oldtown Creek (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 3
h on the harbor and the soil. Mass. Hist. Coll. XXI. 58. But the colony was not at once wholly deserted; and if its sufferings became extreme, Massachusetts, the young mother of colonies, not indifferent to the fate of her children, listened to their prayer for some relief in their distress, and in May, 1667, ministered to their wants by a general contri- 1667. ution through her settlements. Massachusetts Records for May, 1667, vol. IV. part II. p. 337. The infant town planted on Oldtown Creek, near the south side of Cape Fear River, did not prosper, the Indians took offence at the New England planters, and though they had no guns, yet they never gave over, till, by their bows and arrows, they had entirely rid themselves of the intruders. Lawson, 74. F. L. Hawk's Ms. History of North Carolina. Other causes than the roving restlessness of the Independents from Massachusetts produced the distractions which ensued; nature herself, especially in the wilderness, prompts and enco
Georgia (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 3
arrison of Spain at St. Augustine, the covetous Clarendon and his associates easily 1665 June 13. obtained from the king a new charter, which granted to them, from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, all the land lying between twenty-nine degrees and Chap. XIII.} 1665. thirty-six degrees thirty minutes, north latitude; a territory extending seven and a half degrees from north to south, and more than forty degrees from east to west; comprising all the territory of North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, much of Florida and Missouri, nearly all of Texas, and a large portion of Mexico. The soil, and, under the limitation of a nominal allegiance, the sovereignty also, were theirs, with the power of legislation, subject to the consent of the future freemen of the colony. The grant of privileges was ample, like those to Rhode Island and Connecticut. An express clause in the charter for Carolina opened the way for religious freedom; anoth
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