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Browsing named entities in a specific section of George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 2, 17th edition.. Search the whole document.

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Oyster Point, Pa. (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 3
he first site for a town had been chosen without regard to commerce. The point between the two rivers, to which the names of Shaftesbury Wilson's Carolina, 7. Carolina, by T. A., 1682, p. 37. Shaftesbury a great patron to Carolina. were given, soon attracted attention; those who had purchased grants there, desirous of obtaining neighbors, willingly offered to surrender one half of their land as commons 1672 of pasture. The offer was in part refused; but the neck of land then called Oyster Point, soon to become 1680 a village named from the reigning king, and, after more than a century, incorporated as the city of 1783 Charleston, immediately gained a few inhabitants; and Chap. XIII.} 1672. on the spot where opulence now crowds the wharves of the most prosperous mart on our southern seaboard, among ancient groves that swept down to the rivers' banks, and were covered with the yellow jasmine, which burdened the vernal zephyrs with its per-fumes, the cabins of graziers began th
Louisiana (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 3
tous Clarendon and his associates easily 1665 June 13. obtained from the king a new charter, which granted to them, from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, all the land lying between twenty-nine degrees and Chap. XIII.} 1665. thirty-six degrees thirty minutes, north latitude; a territory extending seven and a half degrees from north to south, and more than forty degrees from east to west; comprising all the territory of North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, much of Florida and Missouri, nearly all of Texas, and a large portion of Mexico. The soil, and, under the limitation of a nominal allegiance, the sovereignty also, were theirs, with the power of legislation, subject to the consent of the future freemen of the colony. The grant of privileges was ample, like those to Rhode Island and Connecticut. An express clause in the charter for Carolina opened the way for religious freedom; another held out to the proprietaries a hope of
Cape Fear (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 3
s himself, and says 1660. planted themselves on the River Cape Fear. Hardly had New England received within its bosom a few angers of its navigation; had found their way into the Cape Fear River; had purchased of the Indian chiefs a title to the soiarter would warrant. Chalmers, 518 Yet the lands round Cape Fear were not inviting to men who could choose their abodes f town planted on Oldtown Creek, near the south side of Cape Fear River, did not prosper, the Indians took offence at the New ve of freedom. The conditions offered to the colony of Cape Fear were not intended for the meridian of Virginia. There, sers still further to the south, between Cape Hatteras and Cape Fear. Ibid. 422. How far this spirit of discovery led to imhe Indians a tract of land thirty-two miles square, on Cape Fear River, near the neglected settlement of the New Englanders, as appointed governor, with a jurisdiction extending from Cape Fear to the St Matheo. The country was called Clarendon. Mak
Monmouth, Ill. (Illinois, United States) (search for this): chapter 3
erdale, was revived. Thirty-six noblemen and gentlemen had entered into an association for planting a colony in the New World; their agents had contracted with the patentees of South Carolina for a large district of land, where Scottish exiles for religion might enjoy freedom of faith and a government of their own. Wodrow, II 230. Laing, IV 133. Yet the design was never completely executed. A gleam of hope of a successful revolution in England, led to a conspiracy for the elevation of Monmouth. The conspiracy was matured in London, under pretence of favoring emigration to America; and its ill success involved its authors in danger, and brought Russell and Sydney to the scaffold. It was, therefore, with but a small colony, that the Presbyterian Lord Cardross, many of whose friends had suffered impris- 1684 onment, the rack, and death itself, and who had himself been persecuted under Lauderdale, Laing IV. 72. set sail for Chap. XIII.} 1684. Carolina. But even there the ten
New Hampshire (New Hampshire, United States) (search for this): chapter 3
, no act of injustice appears to have required the rebuke of the proprietaries, or the censure of the sove- Chap XIII.} 1683 reign. It is certain, that Sothel, on reaching the colony, found tranquillity established. The counties were quiet and well regulated, because not subjected to a foreign sway; the planters, in peaceful independence, enjoyed the good will of the wilderness. Sothel arrived, and the scene was changed. Sothel was of the same class of governors with Cranfield of New Hampshire. He was one of the eight proprietaries, and had accepted the government in the hope of acquiring a fortune. From among many as infamous as himself, historians have selected him as the most infamous. Chalmers, 539. All are agreed in the sordid worthlessness of Sothel. But Williamson, i. 270, must be compared with Williamson, i. 209, 210, where an accuser of Sothel is himself proved before a jury to have been a cheating rogue. Many colonial governors displayed rapacity and extortion
George Carteret (search for this): chapter 3
bled as duke of Albemarle; Lord Craven, Life of Lord Keeper Guilford, 393. Pepys, i. 115. a brave Cavalier, an old soldier of the German discipline, supposed to be husband to the queen of Bohemia; Lord Ashley Cooper, afterwards earl of Shaftesbury; Sir John Colleton, a royalist of no historical notoriety; Lord John Berkeley, with his younger brother, Morryson, in Burk, III. 266. Sir William Berkeley, the governor of Virginia; and the passionate, and ignorant, and not too honest Sir George Carteret, Pepys, i. 356, 140, 235, 236, 228, 176. —were instituted its proprietors and immediate sovereigns. Their authority was nearly absolute; nothing Chap. XIII.} was reserved but a barren allegiance. Avarice is the vice of declining years; most of the proprietaries were past middle life. They begged the country under pretence of a pious zeal for the propagation of the gospel; and their sole object was the increase of their own wealth and dignity. The two Charters to the Proprie
John Farrar (search for this): chapter 3
est, to Southern Virginia, or Carolina, Thurloe, II. 273, 274. Hening, i. 552. the early name, which had been retained in the days of Charles I. and of Cromwell, and which was renewed under Charles II., Compare Carolina, by T. A 1682, p. 3. continued to be encouraged by similar giants. Clayborne, Hening, i. 377. the early trader in Maryland, 1652 still cherished a fondness for discovery; and the sons of Governor Yeardley Thurloe, II. 273, 274. Letter of Francis Yeardley to John Farrar. wrote to England with exultation, that the northern country of Carolina had been explored by Virginians born. We are not left to conjecture, who of the inhabit- Chap. XIII.} ants of Nansemund of that day first traversed the intervening forests and came upon the rivers that flow into Albemarle Sound. The company was led by Roger Green, and his services were rewarded by the 1653. July. grant of a thousand acres, while ten thousand acres were offered to any hundred persons who would p
ant of the Huguenots. The children of the Calvinists of France have reason to respect the memory of their ancestors. Rulhiere, Éclaircissements surles Causes de la Revocation de laEdit de Nantes, in the 5th vol. of his works an important work on this subject Voltaire, Siecle de Louis XIV. c. XXXVI. Ancillon, (himself a descendant of Huguenots. Tableau, &c. tom. IV. c. XXIII. For America, Ramsay's Carolina, i. 5—8. Dan. Ravenel, in (Charleston) City Gazette, for May 12 and 15, 1826. Holmes, in Mass. Hist. Coll. XXII. 1—83 It has been usual to relate, that religious bigotry denied to the Huguenot emigrants immediate denization. If full hospitality was for a season withheld, tile delay grew out of a controversy in which all Carolinians had a common interest, and the privileges of citizenship were conceded so soon as it could be done 1691 by Carolinians themselves. It had not yet been de- 1697 termined with whom the power of naturalizing foreigners resided, nor how Carol
Chapter 13: Shaftesbury and Locke Legislate for Carolina. MEANTIME civilization had advanced at the south Chap. XIII.} and twin stars were emerging beyond the limits of Virginia. The country over which Soto had rambled in quest of gold, where Calvinists, befriended by Coligny, had sought a refuge, and where Raleigh had hoped to lay the foundations of colonial principalities, was beginning to submit to the culture of civilization. Massachusetts and Carolina were both colonized under proprietary charters, and of both the charters were subverted; but while the proprietaries of the former were emigrants themselves, united by the love of religious liberty, the proprietaries of the latter were a company of English courtiers, combined for the purpose of a vast speculation in lands. The government established in Massachusetts was essentially popular, and was the growth of the soil; the constitution of Carolina was invented in England. Massachusetts was originally colonized by a
to the gallant admiral, so celebrated for naval genius and love of country. Blake was already advanced in life; Chap XIII.} but he could not endure the present miseries of oppression, and feared still greater evils from a popish successor; Oldmixon, i. 337, 338, and 341. Oldmixon is here good authority. Comp. Hewat, i. 89. and he devoted to the advancement of emigration all the fortune which he had inherited as the fruits of his brother's victories. Thus the plunder of the wealth of NewOldmixon is here good authority. Comp. Hewat, i. 89. and he devoted to the advancement of emigration all the fortune which he had inherited as the fruits of his brother's victories. Thus the plunder of the wealth of New Spain assisted to people Carolina. A colony of Irish, under Ferguson, were lured by the fame of the fertility of the south, and were received with so hearty a welcome, that they were soon merged among the other colonists. Chalmers, 543. The condition of Scotland, also, compelled its inhabitants to seek peace by abandoning their native country. Just after the death of Shaftesbury, a 1683 scheme, which had been concerted during the tyranny of Lauderdale, was revived. Thirty-six noble
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