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Browsing named entities in a specific section of George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 3, 15th edition.. Search the whole document.

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Biloxi (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
on the miserable coast; and, even in 1721, Bienville himself a second time established the head quarters of Louisiana at Biloxi. Meantime, Alberoni, the active minister of Spain, Chap. XXIII.} having, contrary to the interests of France and of S, the French recovered Pensacola, which, by the treaty of 1721, reverted to Spain. The tidings of peace were welcomed at Biloxi with heartfelt joy. 1722. During the period of hostility, La Harpe, in a letter 1720 Jan. 8. La Harpe, Mss to the neo New Orleans. Thus the central point of French power, after hovering round Ship Island and Dauphine Island, the Bays of Biloxi and Mobile, was at last established on the banks of the Mississippi; and the emigrants to Arkansas gathered into settlemend, again, Fleury and Louis XV. had sought to advance its fortunes. Priests and friars, dispersed through nations, from Biloxi to the Dahcotas, propitiated the favor of the savages. But still the valley of the Mississippi was nearly a wilderness.
Montgomery (Alabama, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
very age, sex, and color. These few were extended 1714 1717 from the neighborhood of the Creeks to Natchitoches. On the head waters of the Alabama, at the junction of the Coosa and the Tallapoosa, with the aid of a band 1714. of Choctas, Fort Toulouse, a small military post, was Chap. XXIII.} built and garrisoned. After a short period of hostilities, which sprung, in part, from the influence of Eng- Meek's South-West, 14. lish traders among the Chickasas, the too powerful Bienville chane Louisiana was involved in disgrace. Instead of the splendid visions of opulence, the disenchanted public would now see only unwholesome marshes, which were the tombs of emigrants; its name was a name of disgust and terror. The garrison of Fort Toulouse revolted; and of the soldiers six-and-twenty departed 1722. A. B. Meek's South-West, 15. for the English settlements of Carolina. Overtaken by Villemont; with a body of Choctas, the unhappy wretches were in part massacred, in part conducted
Port Royal Island (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
storehouses among the Chickasas and near the Natchez, and by intimidation, rather than by good will, gained admission even into villages of the Choctas. Still more intimate were their commercial relations with the branches of the Muskhogees in the immediate vicinity of the province, especially with the Yamassees, who, from impatience at the attempts at their Marston, in Hawks' Mss. i. 1. conversion to Christianity, had deserted their old abodes in Florida, and planted themselves from Port Royal Island along the north-east bank of the Savannah River. The tribes of Carolina had been regarded Hawks' Mss. i. 29, 30. as a tame and peaceable people; they were very largely in debt for the advances which had been made Hassell, Marston, Le Jeu, in Hawks' Mss. i. 407, &c. Carroll's Coll. II. 570, &c. 353, 548. Martin's Louisiana, i. 185. them; and the traders began to be hard upon them, because they would be paid. The influence of Bienville, of Louisiana, prevailed with the Choctas, and
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
asions. In the more northern province of Pennsylvania, the subject never slumbered. In 1719, it . Oct. Logan's Ms Correspondence. Gordon's Pennsylvania 213, &c. 1732 tention of the proprietary tost party delayed the increase of New York. Pennsylvania, as the land of promise, was still the refun South Carolina, one in Virginia, three in Pennsylvania,—one of them being in German, —one in New Y a congress in Albany, Virginia, as well as Pennsylvania, was 1722. represented by its governor. ate Sir William Keith—once the governor of Pennsylvania, and afterwards, for selfish purposes, Cha, assisted, in 1723, in introducing it into Pennsylvania, where silver had circulated; and the complive hundred; that of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, one hundred for Chap. XXIIIpeople. Popular zeal raged as high Logan <*> Penn. there as in any country; and Logan wrote despo security. And Maryland was as restless as Pennsylvania; Lord Baltimore, though a very reasonable g[4 more...
Pointe Coupee (La.) (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
ed down the stream till it became entangled in the roots of trees overthrown but not wholly loosened from the soil, they would upon the raft itself kindle their evening fire and prepare their meal,—and prepare it exultingly, if the huntsman of the party had chanced to kill a deer or a bear; or, toiling through the mud, and forests, and canes, they would make their way to the cabin of some petty chief, and intrude on the hospitality of the red dwellers in the morasses; or would seek, as at Point Coupee, the humble mansion of some French settler, who, amidst the giant forests, had raised a cabin on piles, as a security against the overflowing of the river,—where, by the side of the immense activity of vegetative power, an overseer and a few negroes exhibited the puny efforts of man at mastering nature, in contrast with the majesty of the stream, whose waters flooded, whose alluvial deposits fertilized, the wide expanse of lowlands. Thus the pilgrim had ascended the Mississippi, now drin
Port Royal (South Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
English agent, sent with proposals of peace, slept in the round house, with the civil chiefs and the war-captains. On the morning of Good 1715 April 15. Friday, the indiscriminate massacre of the English began. One boy escaped into the forest, and, after wandering for nine days, reached a garrison. Seaman Burroughs, a strong man and swift runner, broke through the ranks of the Indian band; and, though hotly pursued, and twice wounded, by running ten miles, and swimming one, he reached Port Royal, and alarmed the town. Its inhabitants, some in canoes, and some on board a ship, which chanced to be in the harbor, fled to Charleston. The numerous bands of the enemy, hiding by day in the swamps, and by night attacking the scattered settlements, drove the planters towards the capital. The Yamassees and their confederates advanced even as far as Stono, where they halted, that their prisoners—planters, with their wives and little ones—might be tormented and sacrificed at leisure. On t
Quaker (Missouri, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
de the lightning a household pastime, taught his family to catch the subtile fluid in its inconceivably rapid leaps between the earth and the sky, and compelled it to give warning of its passage by the harmless ringing of bells. With placid tranquillity, Benjamin Franklin looked Chap. XXIII.} quietly and deeply into the secrets of nature. His clear understanding was never perverted by passion, or corrupted by the pride of theory. The son of a rigid Calvinist, the grandson of a tolerant Quaker, he had from boyhood been familiar not only with theological subtilties, but with a catholic respect for freedom of mind. Skeptical of tradition as the basis of faith, he respected reason, rather than authority; and, after a momentary lapse into fatalism, escaping from the mazes of fixed decrees and free will, he gained, with increasing years, an increasing trust in the overruling providence of God. Adhering to none of all the religions in the colonies, he yet devoutly, though without form
Cowpens (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
becoming wild like the men with whom they trafficked, had established their Chap. XXIII.} houses among the Cherokees, the Muskhogees, and the Chickasas. There existed no settlement, even of Carolina, on streams that flow westward. The abodes of civilized man reached scarcely a hundred miles from the Atlantic; the more remote ones were made by herdsmen, who pastured beeves upon canes and natural grasses; and the cattle, hardly kept from running wild, were now and then rallied at central Cowpens. Thus, unheeded of the savage, herdsmen were the pioneers of colonization in the wilderness of Carolina. Philanthropy opened the way beyond the Savannah. The growth of the colonies excited astonishment in England; and a British poet pointed with admiration across the Atlantic:— Lo! swarming southward on rejoicing suns, Gay colonies extend,—the calm retreat Of undeserved distress, the better home Of those whom bigots chase from foreign lands. Not built on rapine, servitude, and woe, B
Georgia (Georgia, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
II.} ern colonies and any tropical islands but the British. In the formation of the colonial system, each European nation valued most the colonies of which the products least interfered with its own. Jealous of the industry of New England, England saw with exultation the increase of its tropical plantations. It was willing, therefore, to check the north, and to favor the south. Hence permission was given to the planters 2 Geo. II. c. XXVIII. and XXXIV. of Carolina, and afterwards of Georgia, to ship their rice directly to any port in Europe south of Cape Finisterre. Hence special restrictions on colonial maritime enterprise; so that when, in imitation of the French 12 Geo. II. c. XXX. policy, the act of navigation was modified, and liberty granted for carrying sugar from the British sugar plantations directly to foreign markets, ships built and ships owned in the American plantations were exclu- Ashley's Memoirs c. II ded from the privilege. Hence, also, the tropical prod
Ship Island (Mississippi, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
th a body of Choctas, the unhappy wretches were in part massacred, in part conducted to Mobile and executed. Even the wilderness could not moderate the barbarisms of military discipline. The Alabama River had been a favorite line of communication with the north. From the easier connection of Mobile with the sea, it remained a principal post; but, in August of 1723, the quarters of Bienville were transferred to New Orleans. Thus the central point of French power, after hovering round Ship Island and Dauphine Island, the Bays of Biloxi and Mobile, was at last established on the banks of the Mississippi; and the emigrants to Arkansas gathered into settlements along the river nearer to New Orleans. The villages of the Natchez, planted in the midst of the most fertile climes of the south-west, rose near the banks of the Mississippi. Each was distinguished by a receptacle for the dead. In the sacred building, of an oval shape, having a circumference of one hundred Chap. XXIII.}
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