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Browsing named entities in a specific section of George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition.. Search the whole document.

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February 13th, 1770 AD (search for this): chapter 24
to expose the rapid consolidation of power in the hands of the executive by the double process of making all civil officers dependent for support solely on the King, and giving to arbitrary instructions an authority paramount to the Charter and the laws. The Protest had hardly been adopted, when the July. application of its doctrines became necessary. The Commissioners of the Customs had through Hutchinson Hutchinson to Hillsborough, 20 Dec. 1769. Opinions of DeGray and Dunning, 13 Feb. 1770. applied for an exemption of their salaries from the colonial income tax; and Hillsborough, disregard- Chap. XLVII.} 1771. July. ing a usage of more than fifty years, commanded the compliance of the legislature. The engrossed taxbill for the year was of the same tenor with the annual Acts from time immemorial. The assessors had moreover rated the Commissioners with extreme moderation. Persons who had less income, were taxed as much as they, so that it did not even appear that any reg
September 26th, 1771 AD (search for this): chapter 24
. Compare List of Judges in South Carolina Statutes at large, i. 439; Ramsey, i. 214, II. 126. We, none of us, said the planters, can expect the honors of the State; they are all given away to worthless, poor sycophants. Compare Quincy's Quincy, 106, 107, 116. The Governor, Lord Charles Greville Montagu, had no Palace at Charleston; he uttered a threat to convene the South Carolina Assembly at Port Royal, unless they would vote him a house to his mind. Montagu to Hillsborough, 26 September, 1771; Hillsborough to Montagu, 4 December, 1771. Same to Same, 11 January, 1772; Montagu to Hillsborough, 27 July, 1772. This is the culminating point of administrative insolence. The system of concentrating all colonial power in March. England was resisted also at the West. Gage to Hillsborough, 4 March, 1772. Compare Gage to Hillsborough, 6 August, 1771; Hillsborough to Gage, 4 Dec. 1771, and 18 April, 1772. In Illinois the corruption and favoritism of the military commander comp
August 3rd, 1772 AD (search for this): chapter 24
negotiated with the Treasury for a grant to a Company of about twenty-three millions of acres of land, south of the Ohio and west of the Alleghanies; Hillsborough, from the fear that men in the backwoods would be too independent, opposed the project. De Guines, French Ambassador, to Aiguillon, 11 August, 1772. Franklin persuaded Hertford, a friend of the King's, Gower the President of the Council, Camden, the Secretaries of the Treasury, W. Duer to Robert R. Livingston Jr., London, 3 August, 1772. and others to become shareholders in his scheme; by their influence, the Lords of Council disregarded the adverse report of the Board of Trade, and decided in favor of planting the new Province. Order in Council, 14 Aug. 1772. Compare Propositions for the Settlement of Pittsylvania, and the Memorial of Franklin and Wharton to the American Congress. Hillsborough was too proud to brook this public insult; and the King, soothing his fall by a patent for a British Earldom, accepted his
June 22nd, 1773 AD (search for this): chapter 24
ngston was wounded, took and landed its crew, and then set it on fire. Lieutenant Dudingston to Admiral Montagu, 12 June, 1772; William Checkley to Commissioner of Customs, 12 June, 1772; Governor Wanton to Hillsborough, 16 June, 1772; Admiral Montagu to Hillsborough, 12 June and 11 July, 1772; Deposition of Aaron, a negro, 11 July, 1772; Letter of Charles Dudley, 23 July, 1772. The whole was conducted on a sudden impulse; Representation to the King of the Commissioners of Inquiry, 22 June, 1773. yet Sandwich who was spoken of for the place of Colonial Secretary of State, resolved never to leave pursuing the Colony of Rhode Island, until its Charter should be taken away. Hutchinson to Samuel Hood, 2 Sept. 1772. Remembrancer for 1776, II. 60. A few punished at Execution Dock, would be the only effectual preventive of any further at- Chap. XLVII.} 1772. June. tempt, wrote Hutchinson, who wished to see a beginnin of taking men prisoners, and carrying them directly to England
May 1st, 1772 AD (search for this): chapter 24
was solemnly debated in the Assembly of Virginia. They were very anxious for an Act to restrain the introduction of people, the number of whom already in the Colony, gave them just cause to apprehend the most dangerous consequences, and therefore made it necessary that they should fall upon means not only of preventing their increase, but also of lessening their number. The interest of the country, it was said, manifestly requires the total expulsion of them. Dunmore to Hillsborough, 1 May, 1772. Anthony Benezet to Granville Sharp, 14 May, 1772. Jefferson, like Richard Henry Lee, had begun his legislative career by efforts for emancipation. To the Chap. XLVII.} 1772. April. mind of Patrick Henry, the thought of slavery darkened the picture of the future, even while he cherished faith in the ultimate abolition of an evil, which, though the law sanctioned, religion opposed. Compare Patrick Henry to Anthony Benezet, 18 Jan. 1773; in Robert Vaux's Life of Benezet. To have
June 22nd, 1771 AD (search for this): chapter 24
ties. Too many flatter themselves that their pusillanimity is true prudence; but in perilous times like these, I cannot conceive of prudence without fortitude. Compare Samuel Adams to James Warren of Plymouth, 25 March, 1771. He persever- Chap. XLVII.} 1771. June. ed; but John Adams retired from the service of the people, and devoting himself to his profession, John Adams: Works, II. 260, 301, 302. for a time ceased even to employ his pen in their defence. John Adams: Diary, June 22, 1771. Otis who had returned to the Legislature, disordered in mind, and jealous of his declining influence, did but impede the public cause. In Hancock, also, vanity so mingled with patriotism, that the Government hoped to separate him from its uncompromising opponents. Hutchinson to,——, 5 June, 1771. The Assembly which for the third year was convened at Cambridge, overruled the advice of Samuel Adams, and was proceeding with business. Yet it adopted the Protest in which he drew the
October 9th, 1771 AD (search for this): chapter 24
its maturity, to awaken a sufficient number in the colonies to so grand an undertaking. Nothing, however, should be despaired of. We have nothing, he continued, to rely upon but the interposition of our friends in Britain, of which I have no expectation, or the last Appeal. Ultima ratio. Samuel Adams' Papers. Letter to Arthur Lee, 27 Sept. 1777, from the draft. Compare in Hutchinson's Papers, III. 236, letter of 30 Sept, 1771. Hutchinson's Papers, III. 242, 243 and 233, letters of 9 Oct. 1771. The tragedy of American freedom is Oct. nearly completed. A tyranny seems to be at the very door. They who lie under oppression deserve what they suffer; let them perish with their oppressors. Could millions be enslaved if all possessed the independent spirit of Brutus, who to his immortal honor, expelled the tyrant of Rome, and his royal Chap. XLVII.} 1771. Oct. and rebellious race? The liberties of our country are worth defending at all hazards. If we should suffer them to be w
May 8th, 1772 AD (search for this): chapter 24
nd Dudingston referred the subject to the Admiral. The Admiral answered from Boston: The Lieutenant, Sir, has done his duty. I shall give the King's officers directions, that they send every man taken in molesting them to me. As sure as the people of Newport attempt to rescue any vessel, and any of them Compare W. S. Johnson to R. Jackson, 30 May, 1772. are taken, I will hang them as pirates. Montagu to J. Wanton, Esq., Boston, 8 April, 1772. J. Wanton to Rear Admiral Montagu, 8 May, 1772. Dudings- Chap. XLVII.} 1772. June. ton seconded the insolence of his superior officer, insulted the inhabitants, plundered the islands of sheep and hogs, cut down trees, fired at market boats, detained vessels without a colorable pretext, and made illegal seizures of goods of which the recovery cost more than they were worth Gov. Wanton to Sec. of State, 16 June, 1772. Statements of Darius Sessions and Chief Justice Hopkins to Chief Justice Horsmanden in January, 1773. On the n
August 17th, 1772 AD (search for this): chapter 24
f the Crown, was selected as the crisis Chap. XLVII.} 1772. Aug. of revolution. Meantime Hillsborough was left with few supporters except the herd of flatterers who had soothed his vanity, and by their misrepresentations made him subservient to their selfishness. The King, having become convinced that he had weakened the respect of the Colonies for a royal Govern ment, was weary of him; his colleagues disliked him, and conspired to drive him into retirement. Franklin to his Son, 17 August, 1772. The occasion was at hand. Franklin had negotiated with the Treasury for a grant to a Company of about twenty-three millions of acres of land, south of the Ohio and west of the Alleghanies; Hillsborough, from the fear that men in the backwoods would be too independent, opposed the project. De Guines, French Ambassador, to Aiguillon, 11 August, 1772. Franklin persuaded Hertford, a friend of the King's, Gower the President of the Council, Camden, the Secretaries of the Treasury, W.
February 28th, 1771 AD (search for this): chapter 24
egislature of Massachusetts to exempt the Commissioners from taxation, or the tax bill should be negatived; while Gage was enjoined to attend to the security of the fortress in Boston harbor. In Georgia, Noble Wimberly Jones, a man of exemplary life and character, had been elected Speaker. Wright, who reported him to be a very strong Liberty Boy, would not consent to the choice; and the House voted the interference a breach of their privileges. Sir James Wright to Hillsborough, 28 February, 1771. Hillsborough had censur- Chap. XLVII.} 1771. Dec. ed their unwarrantable and inconsistent arrogance. 2 Hillsborough to Sir James Wright, 4 May, 1771. He now directed the Governor to put his negative upon any person whom they should next elect for Speaker, and to dissolve the Assembly in case they should question the right of such negative. Hillsborough to Habersham, 4 Dec. 1771, and 7 August, 1772. The affections of South Carolina were still more 1772. Jan. thoroughly alie
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