IN 1634, a Herald's Visitation of London was made by St. George, the Herald.
Like our modern canvasser for the census and city directory, the Herald got his imformation from the head of the house, if at home, and in those days, as now, the English shopkeeper and merchant dwelt over his own shop.
We may safely assume that the following pedigree was furnished by the governor himself.
We find therefore that his grandfather was Matthew of Stafford, as given by Hon. Francis Brinley in 1854, and copied from a Staffordshire Visitation, in the Herald's office, College of Arms, London.
In a pedigree presented in 1855 by Mr. Whitmore, as furnished by Mr. Somerby, the grandfather of Matthew, the governor, is given as William, gent.
merchant of the Staple of Carmarthen, 1597, which is manifestly wrong.
In the will of Governor Cradock he gives to the poor of the parish of St. Peter-le-Poor in Broad Street, where I served my apprenticeship, £ 40 sterling.
Stowe states, in 1598, This lane is replenished on both the sides with fair built houses.
In 1624, Matthew Cradock appears as one of the signers of a supplication of a generalty of the adventurers trading to the East Indies.
(E. I. papers, E. I. papers, p. 491,)
In 1628, he is named as one of the eight chief new adventurers to Persia and East Indies, and holding £ 2,000 of stock; and he served on committees of the company for several years.
In 1628, he, with Winthrop, Johnson, Dudley, Goffe, and Saltonstall, had joined with several from Dorset and Devon in the planting of that part of New England between the Merrimac and Charles rivers.
As such an associate his name appears in the first charter of the colony, which passed the seals, March 4, 1628-9, and is therein named to be the first and present governor of the Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England.
His duties were to give orders for the assembling of the company to advise and consult on its affairs.