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Gardiner (Maine, United States) (search for this): chapter 12
d for the sulphur, into which the match was dipped before tipping with the more inflammable compound. Light′ing gas by E-lec-trici-ty. A means of lighting gas by developing a spark or producing a red heat in a platinum coil at the jet of issuing gas. It is used in situations difficult of access, such as the rotunda, dome, and tholus of the Capitol at Washington, and the Senate and House of Representatives, whose gas-burners are above the glass ceilings in a chamber below the roof. Gardiner's apparatus, used in the dome and tholus, was the subject of a report by a commission consisting of Messrs. Shaffner, Pike, and Knight. From the report the following is extracted: — The gas-pipe connections consist of circles of burners at 45, 80, and 165 feet from the floor of the rotunda, and are furnished with 300, 325, and 425 burners respectively. In addition to these, a cluster of 90 burners is placed in the tholus at a hight of 264 feet from the floor, and, being 60 feet ab
Department de Ville de Paris (France) (search for this): chapter 12
attern-net, drop-net, spider-net, balloon-net, Paris-net, bobbin-net. The classification of laceo-scope. An instrument invented by Donne of Paris, for assisting in determining the quality of mrd at the problem. The Academy of Sciences at Paris offered prizes, and subsequently a commission A flat form of watch, invented by Lepine of Paris. The wheels are held by bars, technically cas first published in the Journal des savants, Paris, November 15, 1666, under this title: Machine y Mudge about 1780, and improved by Breguet of Paris and Roskell of Liverpool. In its first form curved lever. The water-meter of Duboys of Paris (B) consists of a casing a, in the interior ofRegnier, Director of the Musee d'artilleric at Paris. Regnier's locks were much esteemed, and the um of the Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers at Paris, and is described as having a copper boiler, m announced to the Society of Encouragement, in Paris, a process of preparing lookingglasses, in whi[2 more...]
Laval (France) (search for this): chapter 12
ecommends silk thread for tying bloodvessels in surgical operations. The ligation of the femoral artery was first performed by Hunter, about 1785. That of the external iliac by Abernethy, 1796. The internal iliac by Alexander Stevens, in 1812. The common iliac successfully by Dr. Valentine Mott, in 1827. The common carotid by Sir Astley Cooper (successfully), in 1808. The innominata by Mott in 1818, and successfully by Dr. J. W. Smythe in 1864. Ambrose Pare, born at Laval, in France, in 1509, was a member of the fraternity of barber-surgeons; but, such was the reputation he acquired as an operator, he was made surgeon to four successive sovereigns of France, and, among others, to the weak and cruel Charles IX., by whom, however, although Pare was a Huguenot, his life was saved on the terrible night of the massacre of St. Bartholomew, by detaining him in the royal chamber until morning. With Pare, who lived little more than 300 years ago, we may commence to date th
Cornwall (United Kingdom) (search for this): chapter 12
urning wood. Such were the lights of the famous Pharos of Alexandria, and the Tour de Corduan at the mouth of the Garonne. In 1812, the Lizard Point light, Cornwall, England, was maintained with coal fires. The same may be said of the Isle of May light, Frith of Forth, Scotland, in 1816. This, in fact, was the usual light at thy light-vessel belonging to the Corporation of Trinity House at present rides is at the station of the Seven Stones between the Scilly Islands and the coast of Cornwall, and is about 40 fathoms. Light-vessels are moored with chain-cables of 1 1/2 inch diameter, and a single mushroom anchor of 32 ewt.; the chain-cables are 200ns fall into the holes in the bolt by their own weight. Locks of this kind are supposed to have been exchanged by the Phoenician navigators with the people of Cornwall for tin, and locks of this pattern, but home-made, still exist in that queer old prong of Britain. Occasional notices are found among the Greek and Roman writ
Bordeaux (France) (search for this): chapter 12
was £ 86,977 17 s. 7 d. Tour de Cordnan (section). The Tour de Corduan is the most magnificent lighthouse of modern times. It is situated on a rock at the month of the Gironde, one of the most important rivers of France. This tower is 182 1/2 English feet in hight, and is built in the Ornante Renaissance style of the period. It was commenced under the reign of Henry II., in 1584, and finished in that of Henry IV., in 1610. The architect was Louis Le Foix. The commercial city of Bordeaux is situated upon the river 70 miles from its mouth, and at the time the lighthouse was built it had another special value, as it was a part of the projected chain of watercourses connecting the Bay of Biscay with the Mediterranean. This was effected shortly afterward by the canal of Languedoc, which is 150 miles in length, and unites the Garonne with the Mediterranean. The island rock on which the tower is built is dry only at low water, at which time a surface of 1,500 x 3,000 feet of
Long Branch, N. J. (New Jersey, United States) (search for this): chapter 12
beyond the vessel. The cord, being caught by those on board, is made the means for sending ashore a hawser or larger cord on which the life-car may be suspended. Francis's life-car and ball with claws. The passengers, to the number of 3 or 4 at a time, are inclosed in the car, and the trips are made by hauling on a rope attached to the car and grasped by parties on board and ashore. One of these cars was the means of saving 200 passengers from the Ayrshire, which went ashore at Long Branch, January, 1850. Life-guard. (Locomotive-engine.) Safeguard, rail-guard, sweeper. The device embracing the brooms fixed in front of a locomotive for clearing small obstructions from the track. Life-line. (Nautical.) a. A line stretched above a yard to enable seamen to stand thereon in manning yards. b. A line stretched from object to object on deck, for the men to grasp in bad weather and heavy sea. c. A line attached at one end to a life-buoy and floating loosely,
Fort Henry (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 12
n′seed-mill. (Lint, Flax.) A mill for grinding flax-seed for oil. See oil-mill. Lin′seed-oil. Oil expressed from flax (lint) seed. Lin′sey. (Fabric.) A country-made fabric, of linen warp and worsted filling, undressed; hence the name linsey-woolsey. Lin′stock. A lint-stock. A gunner's forked staff, to hold a match of lint dipped in a solution of saltpeter. It is referred to by Shakespeare: — And the nimble gunner With linstock now the devilish cannon touches. Henry V. Lint. Raveled or scraped linen reduced to a soft state and used for dressing wounds or ulcers. As formerly prepared, it consisted of scrapings from the surface of old linen cloth, which was drawn beneath a knife, the weft-threads being pushed back from time to time, and the scrapings being obtained from the threads of the warp. A machine has been used for the purpose, the straight, blunt knife-blade being brought down by a pedal upon the frayed edges of the linen, which l
Patna (Bihar, India) (search for this): chapter 12
has been contrived to be carried on the person, though it has been often suggested. The risk is so small, numerically considered, that it is not probable any great proportion of the inhabitants of any country will make special provision for avoiding the danger. Professor Arago classed several well-known sites according to the frequency of their storms, from the best information he could obtain. His list begins as follows: — Days of Thunder per Year. 1. Calcutta averages60 2. Patna (India) supposed to average53 3. Rio Janeiro averages50.6 4. Maryland (U. S.) supposed to average41 5. Martinique averages39 6. Abyssinia supposed to average38 7. Guadaloupe averages37 8. Viviers (France) averages24.7 9. Quebec averages23.3 10. Buenos Ayres averages22.5 11. Denainvilliers (France) averages20.6 The lowest average he gives is that of Cairo in Egypt, three days of thunder per annum. That of Paris and most of the European cities is about fifteen days. He estimates
Eton (United Kingdom) (search for this): chapter 12
ed put in his hand by the hole of the door, and my bowels were moved for him. (Canticles v. 4.) That is the way the beloved let himself into the chamber. ,p>In the Book of Judges, chapter III. verses 23-25, it is stated that Ehud, going forth, locked the doors, and his servants took a key and opened them. This was 1336 B. C., and is the first mention of a key which could be taken out of the lock. A, Fig. 2980, shows one of these Oriental locks. The following is the description given in Eton's Survey of the Turkish Empire, published towards the close of the last century. It will answer as well for the present time:— The key goes into the back part of the bolt, and is composed of a square stick with five or six iron or wooden pins, about half an inch long, towards the end of it, placed at irregular distances, and answering to holes in the upper part of the bolt, which is pierced with a square hole to receive the key. The key, being put in as far as it will go, is then lifted u
France (France) (search for this): chapter 12
taly, and is said to have been introduced into France by Mary de Medicis. In 1483 its importation ier, in 1560. A manufactory was established in France by Colbert, in 1566. Point lace was embroid and lemonade was introduced into England from France about 1632. These fine acids need sugar, and e Gironde, one of the most important rivers of France. This tower is 182 1/2 English feet in hight,ected: Dungeness, January, 1862; Cape La Heve, France, South Light, December, 1863, North Light, Nw manufactured on a large scale in England and France, and has been employed in a number of importan Nuremberg in 1390, one in England in 1343, in France, 1314, Italy, 1367. Linen paper, however, is England and America. In Germany, Belgium, and France, presses of this construction are rarely seen.extensive quarries of Solenhofen, in Bavaria. France furnishes a very hard and dark blue stone, whi article read before the National Institute of France, October 6, 1797. Li-thot′o-my-bi-sect′or. [10 more...]<
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