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Shaws Fork (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
h Milroy's first outposts. The Federal pickets were captured or dispersed, and Jackson went on. On this day, for the first time, Milroy knew that Jackson was moving on MacDowell; he therefore ordered his troops to concentrate at that place. On the afternoon of the 7th Jackson's army was seen on the west side of the Shenandoah Mountain, moving down the Staunton and Parkersburg turnpike. Milroy made an effort to stop it with artillery, but without success. Jackson bivouacked at night on Shaw's Fork, twenty-nine miles from Staunton. On the 8th he resumed his march; climbed the Bull Pasture Mountain, and from its plateau looked down on the village of MacDowell and Milroy's camps in the valley of the Bull Pasture. Though Jackson could have reached the village and the camps with artillery from this site, Called Litlington's Hill. he resisted the temptation. The way was too rough and precipitous for the use of horses, and the possibility of withdrawal in a fight problematical. He
Strasburg, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
of the Second Massachusetts. of infantry at Strasburg, commanded by Brigadier-General A. S. Williants to the enemy. In less than two hours Strasburg was aroused. On the road towards Front Roya bridge had been attacked. Six miles from Strasburg is Buckton Station. When Jackson's infantryhat more were threatening; that to remain at Strasburg was to be surrounded, and that to attack thetened teamsters came thundering back towards Strasburg, urging their mules at a gallop,--some as ifgot, too, that note, that we would remain at Strasburg. The head of the column now moved forwarpetually lengthening, as wagons emerged from Strasburg to fill the spaces of the still extending liith a still larger body, turned back towards Strasburg with his six pieces of artillery. With thisted efforts to join the column, fell back to Strasburg. The whole command under General Hatch at disaster, the crime of our wretched halt at Strasburg during the preceding night. It was this Gen[49 more...]
Whitehall (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
n left his camp: it was soon occupied by Ewell. Straight onward to Port Republic, on the eastern side of the Shenandoah River, Jackson directed his march. The day was rainy,--indeed for the past ten days heavy rains had fallen. Do their best, the troops made but five miles; on the next they made but five; the next, the second of May, the struggle with the mud continued. By nightfall Jackson had passed Lewiston to a bivouac between that point and Brown's Gap. On the 3d, by this gap and Whitehall, he pressed onward towards Mechum's River station on the Virginia Central Railroad, and at night encamped on the hills and meadows around the station, east of the Blue Ridge. On the 4th the artillery and trains took the road by Rockfish Gap to Staunton: the troops went by rail. On Sunday, the 5th, Jackson reached Staunton; the next day his troops arrived. So secretly had he moved that the people of the town were surprised. On the morning of the 7th the army moved against Milroy. Edwar
Mossy Creek (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
evoted to secular concerns. On the evening of the fourteenth of May Jackson reached MacDowell again, and on the 17th, turning towards Harrisonburg, encamped at Mossy Creek and Bridgewater. For many facts in this narration of Jackson's movements. on MacDowell, I am indebted to the very clear account given by Colonel William Allter), p. 324. eight miles from Harrisonburg on the Staunton pike. He then knew that Banks had fallen back to Strasburg: we had been there since the 13th. At Mossy Creek, Ewell conferred in person with Jackson. Then and there a vigorous campaign against Banks was planned. One of Ewell's brigades, the largest of his command (Taenly scattered the council at Harrisonburg on that Sunday on the fourth of May. O happy War Department! On the morning of the nineteenth of May Jackson left Mossy Creek, and moved forward to New Market, which he reached on the 20th, having been joined en route by Taylor's brigade of Ewell's division. On the twenty-first of
Luray (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
wn, and unite with Jackson in the valley turnpike, a few miles south of New Market, while the remainder of his command followed the South Fork of the Shenandoah to Luray. On the afternoon of the 18th Ewell returned to direct the course of his troops.3 It was then from New Market that Jackson's campaign against Banks commenced; On the twenty-third of May, at night, we left the enemy under Ewell in bivouac on the road that runs up the eastern bank of the South Fork of the Shenandoah from Luray, and only ten miles from Front RoyaL To conduct his march so secretly that the descent of his columns would give Kenly the first knowledge of his approach, Jackson in the morning diverged from the well-travelled highway that leads from Luray to Front Royal, and by a steep and narrow footpath gained the wooded hills to the east. Thence descending, it was Jackson's purpose to cut Kenly off from flight across the passes of the Blue Ridge towards Washington, while Ashby's cavalry with Flournoy,
Chester, Va. (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
m Strasburg in pursuance of orders from the War Department on the sixteenth of May, to protect the town of Front Royal and the railroads and bridges between there and Strasburg. By the road, the distance between these towns is about fourteen miles. The picturesque town of Front Royal nestles at the foot of high hills, which tower abruptly above it on almost every side. To the east runs the Blue Ridge, over whose summits, by winding and steep pathways, roads lead through the gaps known as Chester and Manassas into the valleys of eastern Virginia. About one mile and a half north of Front Royal, in a direct line with Winchester, the two branches of the Shenandoah unite into the single stream that pours its waters into the Potomac at Harper's Ferry. The pike road from Front Royal to Winchester crosses both Forks of the river,--the South Fork at a distance of one mile and a quarter from the town, the North Fork about one mile further on. At the two Forks there were two bridges standi
Louisiana (Louisiana, United States) (search for this): chapter 8
p's Battery. With a grim humor Jackson selected a Rebel Maryland regiment Colonel Bradley T. Johnson's. to attack the loyal Marylanders. Supported by cavalry, who in turn were sustained by Taylor's brigade of infantry and two battalions of Louisiana Tigers under Major Wheat, an attempt was made to turn both of Kenly's flanks, while the Maryland Rebel regiment, with Wheat's Louisiana battalion of five companies, advanced against his front. Before such odds there was no hope. Setting fire to his camp, Kenly retreated to the first bridge, closely followed by the Rebel Maryland, the Louisiana battalions, and the cavalry. Here a stand was made, but without avail; for the enemy in overwhelming numbers pushed on, captured the bridge, and drove our forces a mile further to the bridge over the North Fork of the river. Again a stand was made, with an unsuccessful attempt to burn the bridge; but Kenly was once more forced back on the road towards Winchester. About a mile from this se
two platoons from these companies formed in square, under command of Lieutenant Grafton. The effect of this fire was a surprise; Jackson's cavalry escort, upon whom it fell, drew rein, wavered for a moment, and fell back out of range. Then came a single shell from a Confederate battery, which was replied to by another volley from the rear-guard, delivered without seeing the enemy. Colonel Andrews now changed the rear-guard, substituting Company I (Captain Underwood) and Company D (Captain Savage)as flankers. The remainder of the regiment then moved on to where their knapsacks had been deposited, while the new rear-guard was stationed on the north side of the creek. By this time Jackson, who had again brought up his cavalry escort, commanded, in crisp, sharp tones overheard by our men, Charge them! Charge them! Advancing, though unsteadily, for a little space, they came again in good range of Company I, and were received by Captain Underwood with a hot fire, delivered, like t
Henry S. Russell (search for this): chapter 8
ania, Lieutenant-Colonel Perham commanding; Fifth New York, two companies, Ira Harris's cavalry (100 men); one section of artillery, Knapp's Battery, Lieutenant Atwell, 38 men; Captain Mapes's Pioneer Corps, 56 men (engaged in reconstructing bridges),--total, under command of Colonel Kenly of the First Maryland, scarcely 1,000 men: did not exceed 900 men. Banks's Report. Along the road nearer Strasburg, and already counted in the total, there were three companies from my brigade: Captain H. S. Russell of the Second Massachusetts, at the bridge just out of Strasburg; one company of the Twentyseventh Indiana, and one of the Third Wisconsin, both about five miles from the town. So far as the concealment of Jackson's march was one of his main purposes, it was most effective. This is claimed by Southern writers Dabney's Life of Jackson, p. 91. to have been his main reason for planning his attack between Front Royal and Strasburg; although it is said that others of weight were,
h's (4 guns) batteries, and of the Second and Sixth Virginia Cavalry under Colonels Munford and Flournoy, numbering (including the cavalry) about 8,000,--increased Jackson's effective force to about 1ay Jackson's army, with three regiments of cavalry, Cavalry regiments of Ashby, Munford, and Flournoy, with eight battalions of artillery. was within twelve miles of our principal outpost at Front from flight across the passes of the Blue Ridge towards Washington, while Ashby's cavalry with Flournoy, crossing the South Fork of the Shenandoah, moved to intercept the little band to the west towaton, where a bridge and some fortifications were occupied by the two companies from my brigade; Flournoy's movements were made between Buckton and Front Royal. This force quickly threw themselves iennsylvania, his artillery, and a few cavalry. Now Jackson ordered the new cavalry force under Flournoy to charge. It is claimed that Kenly's line was somewhat broken before Jackson gave this order,
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