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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.). Search the whole document.

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Springfield (Illinois, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
which the most complicated rifles now in use throughout Europe are constructed almost without the aid of man are of American invention, and have given a well-deserved reputation to the expansion rifles manufactured at the government armory in Springfield. But this establishment had only capacity for producing from ten to twelve thousand yearly, and the supply could not be increased except by constructing new machines. The private workshops were equally insufficient; the Federal factory at Halishments for manufacturing arms in the South; the industry of the North had hitherto supplied the whole Union; the Federal government, which possessed two establishments of this kind, had conformed to the constant traditions by placing one at Springfield, in the North, and the other at Harper's Ferry, in the South. The latter establishment was, therefore, the only one to be found in the insurgent States, which gave it a great importance in the estimation of the Confederate leaders, and which
Fort Donelson (Tennessee, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
ake possession of an intermediate station and throw the Federal staffs into confusion by sending false despatches destined to upset their plans. One day the guerilla Mosby, having performed an exploit of this kind, took an impudent advantage of it to send to the office of the Secretary of War, Mr. Stanton, a despatch full of insults addressed to that high functionary. The Confederates, on their part, charged one of their employes with having by his disloyalty contributed to the loss of Fort Donelson by delaying instead of accelerating the arrival of the reinforcements which were to relieve that place. If this fact has not been positively proved, there is nothing improbable in it, and it shows that, with all its advantages, the use of the telegraph in war is not without its dangers. In the American armies there was also organized an aerial telegraph by means of flags raised upon a long pole, which were waved to right and left over the stations in sight of each other. Sometimes p
Bowling Green (Kentucky, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
its course, connect the great ports of Mobile and New Orleans with the Middle States; whilst another, having one terminus at Vicksburg on the Mississippi, and built during the war, for the purpose of opening easy communications with Texas, extends as far as Atlanta. In the Ohio basin, the western part, already exclusively favored by water-courses, is alone in possession of railways. One line, single at first, which runs southward from Cincinnati and Louisville, forks successively at Bowling Green and Nashville, and further on at Hardinsville, and spreading out like an immense fan south of Cumberland, extends its numerous arms from the foot of the high cliffs which terminate the Alleghany range, at the very point where the navigation of the Tennessee commences—so appropriately called Lookout Mountain—as far as the banks of the Mississippi, to Columbus at the west, and to Memphis at the south. A transversal line connecting the latter city with Chattanooga, and uniting the extrem
Aquia Creek (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
er-courses finally form two rivers, the Rappahannock and the York, which run in a parallel course towards the Potomac, and, like the latter, fall into Chesapeake Bay. The nature of the ground, the absence of turnpikes, the small quantity of arable lands, and the very direction of the waters—everything, in short, renders an offensive campaign especially difficult in that country. There are very few railways. Two lines run from the shores of the Potomac to Richmond. One, starting from Acquia Creek, halfway between Washington and the mouth of the river, runs direct to the capital of Virginia, after crossing the Rappahannock at Fredericksburg. The other leaves Alexandria, opposite Washington, and running southwesterly reaches Gordonsville, where it forks. One branch, following the same direction along the foot of the Blue Ridge, connects with the great Tennessee line at Lynchburg by way of Charlottesville; the other branch, bending to the east and running parallel with the tributa
Brooke (Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
d to the brass twelve-pounder howitzer with smooth bore; these cannon, taken from the arsenals or cast since the breaking out of the rebellion, formed an important part of their field artillery. The remainder, with the exception of a few Whitworth guns, was composed of pieces constructed on the Parrott model. The materiel of heavy calibre was more varied; there were to be found all the old smooth-bore brass guns, the Dahlgren howitzers, and the rifled cannon of Brooke and Blakeley. The Brooke guns, so called after their inventor, only differed in one single particular from the Parrott gun: the wrought-iron jacket which enveloped it extended to the muzzle instead of stopping at the trunnions. These guns were rapidly and easily constructed and very cheap. The combination of two metals, one ductile and the other brittle, sometimes caused them to explode, but this defect was not sufficient to cause their condemnation, because, in view of the extraordinary difficulties which surroun
ough the loan negotiated in England, and for which this very cotton was a guarantee, were entrusted to them by the agents of the Confederate government in Europe. The exact amount of these importations will never be known, for the transactions were conducted with great secrecy; but it was currently reported in the South that during the first year of the war three hundred thousand muskets were brought over from Europe, with one thousand charges for each musket, and that one single ship, the Bermuda, had a cargo of sixty-five thousand. Those muskets manufactured either at Liege or at Birmingham were selected with much more ease than the arms destined for the Federals, for in the struggle between the agents of the two parties to secure the best materials the Confederates had generally the advantage. The materiel of the artillery was obtained in the same manner. Mr. Floyd had not forgotten the armament of the Federal forts situated in the South, while leaving garrisons in them too w
New England (United States) (search for this): chapter 5
, without initiating the man into all the discoveries of science, teaches him to make use of his intelligence, which awakens a desire for knowledge, and which, when it pervades a whole population, imparts to it as much power as a simple unit placed before any number of zeros. It is owing to this general system of education that the New World may be called the country of progress, and that its institutions are founded upon the regular and conscientious practice of universal suffrage. The New England States are entirely exempt from those twin scourges inseparable from our old social systems, ignorance and pauperism. The illiterate minority of the army was almost exclusively composed of European emigrants. On opening the knapsack of the American soldier one was almost sure to find in it a few books, and generally a Bible, which he read in the evening without hiding from his comrades. An inkstand, a piece of blotting-paper, some envelopes ornamented with monograms, badges, and port
Perryville (Kentucky, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
officers who had made use of them in Mexico, while recognizing the advantages of their employment in certain cases, did not deem it expedient to recommend their adoption in a country where wagon-roads are so easily constructed. This system would be attended by the very great inconvenience of making each animal carry a lighter load than if in harness; moreover, it would have been impossible to find experienced drivers to manage these pack-animals. A large establishment was established at Perryville, on the Susquehanna, where mules were trained to work in teams of six, driven by word of command with the aid of a single loose rein. The construction of bridge-equipages, which, once collected, were placed under the care of volunteer troops specially selected for that service, belonged also to the quartermaster's department. The materiel of these equipages varied frequently. One experiment was made, and then abandoned as too complicated, with iron pontons, which in the water served a
Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
ngland; and one of the principal manufacturers of that country actually presented to the Confederacy on one occasion a complete cargo of those precious implements. Unfortunately for his proteges, that cargo fell into the hands of the Federals, who used it for their own profit. New Orleans had its own foundry of brass guns. Messrs. Street & Hungerford of Memphis manufactured Parrott guns of every calibre. At Nashville the iron-mills of Brannan & Co., constructed on the plan of those of Fort Pitt in the North, manufactured field-pieces of cast iron. The large and costly machines of this establishment followed the Confederate armies in their successive retreats, accompanied by the printing-presses of the secession journals, and were stationed first at Chattanooga, then at Atlanta, and finally at Augusta. The most important ironmills in the South were the Tredegar works, near Richmond; at this establishment cannon and projectiles of every calibre were manufactured. Brass guns were
St. George, W. Va. (West Virginia, United States) (search for this): chapter 5
upper gorges of the Alleghanies. Retracing his steps as soon as he was apprised of the presence of McClellan at Beverly, he had the good fortune to pass once more through Leedsville before Morris, who had not watched him sufficiently, had arrived there from Laurel Hill. But his troops, exhausted by the rapid countermarch, soon fell into disorder. Morris, who had reached Leedsville shortly after him, harassed his retreat, and finally overtook him at Carricksford, twelve kilometres below St. George, just as he was crossing Cheat River. The Confederates succeeded in placing the river between them and their assailants, but left in their hands all their artillery, their baggage, and about fifty prisoners. Garnett himself was killed while bravely endeavoring to repair the disaster. This old regular officer was the first general who lost his life in the war. After his death his soldiers dispersed, thus baffling the efforts of the Federals, who were too much fatigued to continue long
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