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Browsing named entities in a specific section of George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 2, 17th edition.. Search the whole document.

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Plymouth, N. C. (North Carolina, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
maxims of a free state, dependent on none but God. Had the king resolved on sending them a governor, the several towns and churches throughout the whole country were resolved to oppose him. Hutch. Coll. 339; Belknap, 437. The colonies of Plymouth, of Hartford and New Chap XI.} 1660 Haven, not less than of Rhode Island, proclaimed the new king, and acted in his name; Quantum mutatus ab illo Hectore, adds Stuyvesant, who was very fond of a Latin quotation. There was, however, no changed its general assembly into two houses—a change 1665 which, near the close of the century, was permanently adopted? that it ordered the towns to pay the deputies three shillings a day for their legislative services? that it was importuned by Plymouth, and vexed by Connecticut, on the subject of boundaries? that, asking commercial immunities, it recounted to Clarendon the merits of its bay, in very deed the most excellent in New England; having harbors safe for the biggest ships that ever sa
Rhode Island (Rhode Island, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
overnor of Massachusetts, the benefactor of Rhode Island, the ever-faithful friend of New England, aNew Chap XI.} 1660 Haven, not less than of Rhode Island, proclaimed the new king, and acted in his ; Puritans, and Quakers, and the freemen of Rhode Island, Roger Williams's Letters, in Knowles. w of Charles II. The probable population of Rhode Island, at the time of its reception, may have beeenvy the reputation of states. The laws of Rhode Island, which had been repeatedly revised by commids, and find that the people of Chap. XI.} Rhode Island, on accepting their charter, affirmed the gone single authority in the printed laws of Rhode Island. The broad terms embrace not Roman Catholicave not been wanting those who have charged Rhode Island with persecuting the Quakers. The calumny I. 97; Knowles, 324, 325. Once, indeed, Rhode Island was betrayed into Chap. XI.} inconsistencyossessed far stronger claims for favor than Rhode Island and Con- 1661. April 30. necticut; and Sir[10 more...]
Pacific Ocean (search for this): chapter 1
Connecticut an ample patent. The courtiers of King Charles, who themselves had an eye to possessions in America, suggested no limitations; and perhaps it was believed, that Connecticut would serve to balance the power of Massachusetts. The charter, disregarding the hesitancy of New Haven, the rights of the colony of New Belgium, and the claims of Spain on the Pacific, connected New Haven with Hartford in one colony, of which the limits were extended from the Narragansett River to the Pacific Ocean. How strange is the connection of events! Winthrop not only secured to his state a peaceful century of colonial existence, but prepared the claim for western lands. Under his wise direction, the careless benevolence of Charles II. provided in Chap. XI.} 1662. advance the school fund of Connecticut. With regard to powers of government, the charter was still more extraordinary. It conferred on the colonists unqualified power to govern themselves. They were allowed to elect all t
United States (United States) (search for this): chapter 1
lirium of mysticism was not incompatible with clear notions of policy; and amidst the hyperboles of Oriental diction, they prepared to overthrow despotic power by using the power a despot had conceded. The objects of this assembly were all democratic: it labored to effect a most radical reform; to codify English law, by reducing the huge volumes of the common law into a few simple English axioms; to abolish tithes; and to Chap. XI.} establish an absolute religious freedom, such as the United States now enjoy. This parliament has for ages been the theme of unsparing ridicule. Historians, with little generosity towards a defeated party, have sided against the levellers; and the misfortune of failure in action has doomed them to censure and con tempt. Yet they only demanded what had often been promised, and what, on the immutable principles of freedom, was right. They did but remember the truths which Cromwell had professed, and had forgotten. Cromwell feared their influence; and
Dunbar (United Kingdom) (search for this): chapter 1
eir strength lay in a small but well-disciplined army; the celerity and military genius of Cromwell ensured to them unity of counsels and promptness of action; they conquered their adversaries in detail; and the massacre of Drogheda, the field of Dunbar, and the victory of Worcester, destroyed the present hopes of the friends of monarchy. The lustre of Cromwell's victories ennobled the crimes of his ambition. When the forces of the insurgents had been beaten down, there remained but two poweesign to destroy all propriety. To the witness of the young Quaker against priestcraft and war, he replied, It is very good; it is truth; if Thou and I were but an hour of a day together, we should be nearer one to the other.. From the field of Dunbar he had charged the Long Parliament to reform abuses, and not to multiply poor men for the benefit of the rich. Presently he appealed to the moneyed men and the lawyers; he alone could save them from the levellers, men more Chap XI.} ready to d
De Witt (Arkansas, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
land had condemned to the gallows; and he ever retained a firm belief that the spirit of English liberty would demand a new revolution, which was achieved in England a few months before his end, and of which the earliest rumors may have reached his death-bed. Dixwell died March 18, 1689, aged 81. Three of the regicides, who had escaped to Holland, found themselves, in the territory of a free and independent state, The story in Pepys, II. 149, 150, 4to. ed., is very unfavorable to De Witt. less securely sheltered than their colleagues in the secret places of a dependent colony. They were apprehended in Holland, surrendered by 1662 April 19. the states, and executed in England. Retributive justice, thought many, required the execution of regicides. One victim was selected for his genius and integrity; such was the terror inspired by their influence. Now that all England was carried away with eagerness for monarchy, Sir Henry Vane, the former governor of Massachusetts,
Naseby (United Kingdom) (search for this): chapter 1
the tombs. The corpses of Cromwell, Bradshaw, and Ireton, were, by the order of both houses of parliament, and with the approbation of the king, disinterred, dragged on hurdles to Tyburn, and regularly hanged at the three corners of the gallows. In the evening, the same bodies were cut down and beheaded, amidst the exulting merriment of the Cavaliers. Such is revenge! Of the judges of King Charles I., three escaped to America. Edward Whalley, who had first won laurels in the field of Naseby, had ever enjoyed the confidence of Cromwell, and remained to the last an enemy to the Stuarts and a friend to the interests of the Independ- Chap XI.} 1660 July 27. ents,—and William Goffe, a firm friend to the family of Cromwell, Burton's Diary, i. 361. a good soldier, and an ardent partisan, but ignorant of the true principles of freedom,—arrived in Boston, where Endicot, the governor, received them with courtesy. For nearly a year, they resided unmolested within the limits of Massa
Strafford, Vt. (Vermont, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
re Chap XI.} 1640 difficult than ever. The haughty Strafford had advised violent counsels. There were those who refused to take the oath never to consent to alterations in the church of England Send for the chief leaders, wrote Strafford, Strafford's Letters, II. 409. April 10, 1640. and lay them by the heels; no other satisfaction is to be thought of. But Strafford was not without his enemies among the royalists. During the suspension of parliament, two parties in the cabinet had dispuis attendance. Chap XI.} Nov. 11. 1641 April 21. His arraignment, within eight days of the commencement of the session, marks the resolute spirit of the commons; his attainder was the sign of their ascendency. On the honor of a king, wrote Strafford's Letters, II. 416. Charles to the prisoner, you shall not be harmed in life, fortune, or honor; and the fourth day after the passage of the bill of attainder, as if to reveal his weakness, the king could send his adhesion to the commons, addin
Monmouth, Ill. (Illinois, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
provinces; the territory which they obtained, if divided among the eight, had given to each a tract as extensive as the kingdom of France. To complete the picture of the territorial changes made by Charles II., it remains to be added, that, having given away the whole south, he enfeoffed his brother with the country between Pemaquid and the St. 1664 Croix. The proprietary rights to New Hampshire and 1677 Maine were revived, with the intent to purchase then Chap. XI.} for the duke of Monmouth. The fine country from Connecticut River to Delaware Bay, tenanted by nearly ten thousand souls, in spite of the charter to 1664. Winthrop, and the possession of the Dutch, was, like part of Maine, given to the duke of York. The charter which secured a large and fertile province to William Penn, and thus invested philanthropy with 1681. executive power on the western bank of the Delaware, was a grant from Charles II. After Philip's war in New England, Mount Hope was hardly rescued from
Peru, Mass. (Massachusetts, United States) (search for this): chapter 1
ses, and victories over Spain had excited and gratified the pride of Englishmen and the zeal of Protestants. The Red Cross, said Cromwell's admirers, rides on the sea without a rival; our ready sails have made a covenant with every wind; our oaks are as secure on the billows as when they were rooted in the forest: to others the ocean is but a road; to the English it is a dwelling-place. Waller, Of a War with Spain, verses 23—30. The fleets of the protector returned rich with the spoils of Peru; and there were those who joined in adulation;— His conquering head has no more room for bays Chap. XI.} Let the rich ore forthwith be melted down, And the state fixed by making him a crown; With ermine clad and purple, let him hold A royal sceptre, made of Spanish gold. For a moment the question of a sovereign for England seemed but to relate to the Protector Cromwell and the army, or King Cromwell and the army; and, for the last time, Cromwell hoped, through a parliament to reconcile
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