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Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 3, 15th edition..

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September 1st (search for this): chapter 1
s of freedom, a conquest of commercial industry over the pride of birth, was, with the laws resting on it, rejected in Carolina. The journals of the provincial assembly show that, after 1702. they had been read and debated, paragraph by para- Sept. 1. graph, the question of ordering them to a second Statutes i. 42. reading was carried in the negative. Carolina refused alike an hereditary nobility and the dominion of wealth. The colonial oligarchy next looked for favor to an exclusive rethe soil bears all things, but not for me; for, according to the custom of the country, the sachems are the poorest of the people. Sancho Panza, he avers, was indeed but a type of me. In less than five months after his arrival, he was 1710. Sept. 1. disputing with an assembly. The house, to prevent misapplications of the public revenue, secured to their own treasurer a check on payments; the council negatived the restraint on the governor's prerogative; ne compromise could be made, and a
ighbors till it come he knows not where at last. Before the opening of the adjourned session of the general court, the indefatigable man had prepared his Oct. 12. narrative of the Wonders of the Invisible World, in the design of promoting a pious thankfulness to God I. Mather's Cases of Conscience for justice being so far executed among us. For this book he received the approbation of the president of Harvard College, the praises of the governor, and the gratitude of Stoughton. On the second Wednesday in October, 1692, about 169<*> a fortnight after the last hanging of eight at Salem, the representatives of the people assembled; and the people of Andover, their minister joining with them, Oct 18. appeared with their remonstrance against the doings of the witch tribunals. We know not, say they, who can think himself safe, if the accusations of children, and others under a diabolical influence, shall be received against persons of good fame. Of the discussions that ensued no r
July 23rd (search for this): chapter 1
ched persons pretended to be dumb. Who hinders these witnesses, said Stoughton, from giving their testimonies?— I suppose the devil, answered Burroughs. How comes the devil, retorted the chief judge, so loath to have any testimony borne against you? and the question was effective. Besides, he had given proofs of great, if not preternatural muscular strength. Cotton Mather calls the evidence enough: the jury gave a verdict of guilty. John Procter, who foresaw his doom, and knew from July 23. whom the danger came, sent an earnest petition, not to the governor and council, but to Cotton Mather and the ministers. Among the witnesses against him were some who had made no confessions till after torture. They have already undone us in our estates, and that will not serve their turns without our innocent blood; and he begs for a trial in Boston, or, at least, Chap. XIX.} for a change of magistrates. His entreaties were vain, as also his prayers, after condemnation, for a respite
April 20th (search for this): chapter 1
sought to control a revolution, of which they feared the tendency. The insurgent people insisted on the restoration of the colonial charter; but Some Few Remarks, 1702, p. 45, 46. Cotton Mather, claiming only English liberties, and not charter liberties, and selfishly jealous of popular Cotton Mather's own words, p. 45, 46 power, was eager to thwart the design; and, against the opinion of the venerable Bradstreet, the charter magistrates, joining to themselves the principal inhab- 1689 April 20. itants of Boston, became a self-constituted council Calef. for the safety of the people. Thus was the popular will defeated. It had demanded its ancient liberties; and the men on whom it was compelled to rely, constituting themselves its guardians, humbly waited for Records, Hutch i. 340. direction of the crown of England. Thus was lost the only opportunity for Massachusetts to vindicate its sequestered freedom. Had they, at that time,—it is the confession of Increase Mather,—entered
ernor, deputy-governor, and assistants, chosen and sworn in 1686, according to charter rights, and the deputies sent Increase Mather's Account p. 18. by the freemen of the towns, to be the government now settled in the colony. The council resisted; and Chap. XIX.} the question was referred to the people. Nearly four fifths of the towns instructed their representatives to 1689. May 22. reassume; but the pertinacity of a majority of the council permitted only a compromise. In June, the June 5. representatives, upon a new choice, assembled in Boston. Again they refuse to act, till the old charter officers shall assume their power as of right. The council accepted the condition, but still as subject to directions from England. Indeed, the time had gone by. Already an address to King William had contained the assurance that they had not entered upon the full exercise of the charter government, and was soon answered by the royal assent to the temporary organi- Hutch. i. 347, 348.
June 10th (search for this): chapter 1
1706 March 12. of the dissenters of Carolina, was adopted; the lords of trade and plantations reported that the proprietaries May 24. had forfeited their charter, and advised its recall by a judicial process; the intolerant acts were, by royal June 10. authority, declared null and void. In November of the same year, they were repealed by the colonial assem- Statues II. 281, 282. 282-295 bly; but, while dissenters were tolerated, and could share political power, the Church of England was immher who records this,—and immediately a daemon, invisibly entering the house, tore down a part of it. She was a witch by the rules and precedents of Keeble and Sir Matthew Hale, of Perkins and Bernard, of Baxter and Cotton Mather; and, on the 10th of June, protesting her innocence, she was hanged. Of the magistrates at that time, not one held office by the suffrage of the people: the tribunal, essentially despotic in its origin, as in its character, had no sanction but an extraordinary and an
an infant, nestling under his wing, had ripened into self-reliance. Passing over all intermediate changes, the proprietary acknowledged the present validity of the old fundamental law. Let's 1700 April. make a constitution, said a member of the council, that may be firm and lasting to us and ours; and Penn invited them to keep what's good in the charter and frame of government, to lay aside what is burdensome, and to add what may best suit the common good. And the old charter was surren- June 7. dered, with the unanimous consent of the assembly and council. Yet the framing of a new constitution was delayed by colonial jars. The counties of Delaware dreaded the loss of their independence by a union with the extending population of Pennsylvania. Besides, in the lower province, the authority of William Penn rested but on sufferance; in the larger state, it was sanctioned by a royal charter; and a passionate strife 1700 delayed the establishment of government. 1701 Meantime, t
ses: As soon as the bearer of orders from the prince of Orange shall have let us see his power, then, without delay, we do intend to obey, not the orders only, but also the bearer thereof. A committee of safety of ten assumed the task of 1689 June 8. reorganizing the government, and Jacob Leisler received their commission to command the fort of New York. Of this he gained possession without a struggle. An address to King William was forwarded, and a letter from Leisler was received by thave or six, in whose hands the transition state of the government left, for a season, unlimited influence. Into the interior of the colony the delusion did not spread Chap XIX.} at all. The house of representatives, which assembled in 1692. June 8 to July 2. June, was busy with its griefs at the abridgment of the old colonial liberties. Increase Mather, the agent, June 9. June 24. was heard in his own defence; and, at last, Bond, the speaker, in the name of the house, tardily and languid
June 13th (search for this): chapter 1
e of the colony themselves vindicated its liberties and the integrity of its territory. Governor Treat having resumed his office, the as- 1689. May 9. sembly, which soon convened, obeying the declared opinion of the freemen, organized the government according to their charter. On the joyful news of the accession of William and May 26. Mary, every fear vanished, every countenance brightened with joy. Great was that day, said the loyal address of Connecticut to King William, when the June 13. Lord, who sitteth upon the floods, did divide his and your adversaries like the waters of Jordan, and did begin to magnify you like Joshua, by the deliverance of the English dominions from Popery and slavery. Because the Lord loved Israel forever, therefore hath he made you king, to do justice and judgment. And, describing their acquiescence in the rule of Andros as an involuntary submission to an arbitrary power, they announce that, by the consent of the major part of the freemen, they
June 26th (search for this): chapter 1
somed by Archdale, and sent to the governor of St. Augustine. I shall manifest reciprocal kindness, was his reply, and shall always observe a good correspondence with you; and, when an English vessel was wrecked on Florida, the Spaniards retaliated the benevolence of Archdale. The fame of Carolina, the American Canaan, that flowed with milk and honey, began to increase. The industrious Scotch, zealous alike for liberty and property, were soon to be attracted. Already New England 1696 June 26. men were allured to the region that now stood circumstanced with the honor of a true English govern- Archdale, 21 ment, zealous for the increase of virtue, as well as outwa d trade and business. And the representatives of the freemen of the colony declared that Archdale, by his wisdom, patience, and labor, had laid a firm foundation for a most glorious superstructure. Immediately after the return of the Quaker legislator, the Huguenots were once more and successfully enfranchised by t
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