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Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 3, 15th edition..

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June 30th (search for this): chapter 1
n; and from them, by the hand of Cotton Mather, they receive gratitude for their sedulous endeavors to defeat the abominable witchcrafts; prayer that the discovery may be perfected; a caution against haste and spectral evidence; a hint to affront the devil, and give him the lie, by condemning none on his testimony alone; while the direful advice is added—We recommend the speedy and vigorous prosecution of such as have rendered themselves obnoxious. The obedient court, at its next session, June 30. condemned five women, all of blameless lives, all declaring their innocence. Four were convicted easily enough; Rebecca Nurse was, at first, acquitted. The honored court was pleased to object against the verdict; and, as she had said )f the confessing witnesses, they used to come among us, meaning that they had been prisoners together, Stoughton interpreted the words as of a witch festival. The jury withdrew, and could as yet not agree; but, as the prisoner, who was hard of hearing, an
in whose hands the transition state of the government left, for a season, unlimited influence. Into the interior of the colony the delusion did not spread Chap XIX.} at all. The house of representatives, which assembled in 1692. June 8 to July 2. June, was busy with its griefs at the abridgment of the old colonial liberties. Increase Mather, the agent, June 9. June 24. was heard in his own defence; and, at last, Bond, the speaker, in the name of the house, tardily and languidly thankedmpense was voted. I seek not yours, but you, said Increase Mather; I am willing Some Few Remarks, 1702, p. 20. to wait for recompense in another world; and the general court, after prolonging the validity of the old laws, adjourned to October. July 2. But Phipps and his council had not looked to the general court for directions; they turned to the ministers of Boston and Charlestown; and from them, by the hand of Cotton Mather, they receive gratitude for their sedulous endeavors to defeat
July 19th (search for this): chapter 1
ly. The governor, who himself was not unmerciful, saw cause to grant a reprieve; but Parris had preached against Rebecca Nurse, and prayed against her; had induced the afflicted to witness against her; had caused her sisters to be imprisoned for their honorable sympathy. She must perish, or the delusion was unveiled; and the governor recalled the reprieve. Mass Hist. Coll XXIII 175 On the next communion day, she was taken in chains to the meeting-house, to be formally excommunicated by July 19. Noyes, her minister; and was hanged with the rest. You are a witch; you know you are, said Noyes to Sarah Good, urging a confession. You are a liar, replied the poor woman; and, if you take my life, God will give you blood to drink. Confessions rose in importance. Some, not afflict- Hale, p. 89. ed before confession, were so presently after it. The jails were filled; for fresh accusations were needed to confirm the confessions. Some, by these their accusations of others,—I quote t
July 25th (search for this): chapter 1
s only, but also the bearer thereof. A committee of safety of ten assumed the task of 1689 June 8. reorganizing the government, and Jacob Leisler received their commission to command the fort of New York. Of this he gained possession without a struggle. An address to King William was forwarded, and a letter from Leisler was received by that prince, if not with fa- Chap. XIX.} vor, yet with respect, and without rebuke. Nicholson, the deputy-governor, had been heard to say, what was July 25. afterwards often repeated, that the people of New York were a conquered people, without claim to the rights of Englishmen; that the prince might lawfully govern them by his own will, and appoint what laws he pleased. The dread of this doctrine sunk deeply into the public mind, and afterwards attracted the notice of the assemblies of New York. At that period of disorder, the committee of safety reassembled; and Aug. 16. Leisler, an insolent alien, assisted, say the principal men of New Y
August 13th (search for this): chapter 1
laimed as his own. His son-in-law Usher, of Boston, formerly an adherent of Andros, and a great speculator in lands, was appointed, under him, lieutenant-governor. Such was the English revolution of 1688. It valued the uncertain claims of an English merchant more than the liberties of a province. Indeed, that revolution loved, not liberty, but privilege, and respected popular liberty only where it had the sanction of a vested right. In 1692, the new government for New Hampshire 1692. Aug. 13. was organized by Usher. The civil history of that colony, for a quarter of a century, is a series of lawsuits about land. Complaints against Usher were met by counter complaints, till New Hampshire was placed, with Massachusetts, under the government of Bellamont, and a judiciary, composed of men attached to 1699. the colony, was instituted. Then, and for years afterwards, followed scenes of confusion;—trials in the colonial courts, resulting always in verdicts against the pretended pr
August 17th (search for this): chapter 1
riends. The disputes in South Carolina had grown out of the selfish zeal of a High Church oligarchy, sustained by the proprietaries, in opposition to the great body of the freemen. Now the peaceful Archdale, the mediator between the factions, was himself, as a dissenter, pledged to freedom of conscience. Yet his powers permitted him to infuse candor into his administration, rather than into the constitution of Carolina. Not 1695. rejecting the best men of the party of high pretended Aug. 17. Churchmen, that had lain latent from the beginning of the colony, and conscious that dissenters could kill wolves and bears, fell trees, and clearly ground, as well as Churchmen; acknowledging that emigrants should ever expect an enlargement of their native rights in a wilderness country,—he selected for the council two men of the moderate party to one High Churchman. Thus the balance of power was in harmony with colonial opinion. By remitting quitrents for three and for four years, by r
John Knox (search for this): chapter 1
which gave liberties to Pennsylvania, and extended them to Chap. XIX.} Delaware; the crimes of the dynasty banished to our country men of learning, virtue, and fortitude. Thus did despotism render benefits to freedom. The wisdom of God, as John Knox had predicted, compelled the very malice of Satan, and such as were drowned in sin, to serve to his glory and the profit of his elect. Four hundred and seventy-four years after the barons at Runnymede had extorted Magna Charta from their legatimer, the homilies of the Anglican church, recognized legitimacy without reserve, and opposing the Roman pretension to a power of dispensing from Chap. XIX.} allegiance, taught passive obedience. The right of resistance—familiar to Calvin and Knox, to the early Puritans and the Presbyterians, not of itself a democratic doctrine, but rather the most cherished principle of feudal liberty, familiar to the nobles of every monarchy in Europe—was the next conquest in the progress of popular freed
April 12th (search for this): chapter 1
desired by the council board, but what was rejected. It is a sign of a stubborn ill temper. I have the power of collating or suspending any minister in my government by their majesties' letters patent; and, whilst I stay in this government, I will take care that neither heresy, schism, or rebellion, be preached among you, nor vice and profanity encouraged. You seem to take the whole power into your hands, and set up for every thing. The stubborn temper of the house was immova- 1695. April 12. ble; and, two years afterwards, that the act might not be construed too narrowly, it was declared that the vestrymen and church-wardens of the church established in New York might call a dissenting Protestant minister. Not a tenth part of the population of that day adhered to the Episcopal Church; the public spirit demanded toleration; and if, on the one hand, the English Church succeeded in engrossing the provision made by the Chap. XIX.} ministry acts, on the other, the dissenters wer
y of parliament was asserted by declaring illegal, null, and void, every colonial act or usage, present or future, which might be in any wise repugnant to this present act, or to any other law hereafter to be made in the kingdom, so far as such law shall relate to the plantations. Such was the spirit of English legislation for its colonies, at the great moment when England asserted its aristocratic liberties. As yet the owners of land were not sufficiently pledged to the colonial system. Wool was the great staple of England, and its growers and manufacturers envied the colonies the possession of a flock of sheep, 10 and 11 W. III c. x. a spindle, or a loom. The preamble to an act of parliament avows the motive for a restraining law, in the conviction that colonial industry would inevitably sink the value of lands in England. The public mind of the mother country could esteem the present interest of its landholders paramount to natural justice. The clause, which I am about to
New York was never lulled. New York would willingly, after the revolution, have extended her boundary over a part of Connecticut; but Chap. XIX.} the people of the colony themselves vindicated its liberties and the integrity of its territory. Governor Treat having resumed his office, the as- 1689. May 9. sembly, which soon convened, obeying the declared opinion of the freemen, organized the government according to their charter. On the joyful news of the accession of William and May 26. Mary, every fear vanished, every countenance brightened with joy. Great was that day, said the loyal address of Connecticut to King William, when the June 13. Lord, who sitteth upon the floods, did divide his and your adversaries like the waters of Jordan, and did begin to magnify you like Joshua, by the deliverance of the English dominions from Popery and slavery. Because the Lord loved Israel forever, therefore hath he made you king, to do justice and judgment. And, describing their ac
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