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E. W. Fraser (search for this): chapter 1.4
the Savannah river, and down to the coast), in which the enemy landed, and where the battle of Honey Hill was fought, was in command of Colonel C. J. Colcock, 3rd South Carolina cavalry, with headquarters at Grahamville, South Carolina. Lieutenant E. W. Fraser, A. A. G., in charge of district headquarters; Captain Louis D. DeSaussure, inspector of outposts on Colonel Colcock's staff, also on duty at headquarters. In the temporary absence of Colonel Colcock, his duties devolved on Major John that deep water landing. Lieutenant T. Heyward Howard, Company C, 3d South Carolina cavalry, was officer of the day, and promptly sent a courier to district headquarters at Grahamville, announcing the presence of the enemy in force. Lieutenant E. W. Fraser reports receiving the information at 10 A. M., and adds: As Assistant Adjutant-General of the 3rd military district, I was left in charge of headquarters at Grahamville, by Colonel C. J. Colcock, commanding the district, with thes
Barnard E. Bee (search for this): chapter 1.4
en—Captain W. K. Bachman, commanding. The works at Bee's creek had to be garrisoned, as it was four miles, ls Landing there was a road towards Coosawhatchie, via Bee's creek, which had been for some time strongly fortif A second approach to the railroad was to the left of Bee's creek, via Bolan's Church and Honey Hill; this was own with certainty whether the enemy would advance by Bee's creek or Honey Hill. Major Jenkins therefore ordery and two guns of Kanapaux's Lafayette Artillery from Bee's creek towards Grahamville, leaving three guns in the ready to move from Pocataligo in quick time towards Bee's creek in case of need. It is probable that he did and erected field works to guard against attack from Bee's creek. At this time only a few field pieces and le their front, divided into two small commands, one on Bee's creek road, under Captain H. C. Raysor, the other o the naval brigade had retraced their advance towards Bee's creek, he knew that the attack would be made on the
the great disaster impending over their States; they knew the full significance of General Sherman's overwhelming army on its march to the sea; every outward and visible sign was well calculated to depress, but the record of Honey Hill shows no discouragement, rather a sterner motive and a more spirited fight than usual on that unequal field. * * * * * The Genesis of the fight at Honey Hill. General Sherman's column was on its march to the sea, and on November 11th he telegraphed General Halleck: I would like to have Foster break the Charleston and Savannah Railroad about Pocataligo about the 1st of December. Later in the month the following detail was made, which was ready on the 28th of November, and some troops did embark on that day. United States forces, Army and Navy. Gunboats.—Pawnee, Mingoe, Pontiac, Sonoma, Winona and Wissahickon. Naval Brigade.—Composed of 500 sailors and marines, with twelve howitzers for duty ashore; Commander George H. Preble. Artill
Isaac Bostick (search for this): chapter 1.4
Heyward, third lieutenant; (from Beaufort county), 20 men. A detachment on outpost duty in the vicinity, which assembled and reported for duty—Company E, H. C. Raysor, captain; J. P. Youmans, first lieutenant; H. W. Jaudon, second lieutenant; Isaac Bostick, third lieutenant; (from what is now Hampton county), 80 men—were at Pocataligo and ordered to Bee's Creek on 29th; went there promptly; advanced towards Boyd's until enemy was in sight and remained there until evening, actively skirmishing wease hurry Harrison to Coosawhatchie. These orders were at once communicated to each command, and were received with enthusiasm. Colonel Colcock, upon receiving the news, at once mounted his horse and started for Grahamville, stopping at Mr. Bostick's on the way to announce the news, and to explain his necessary absence the next day. Riding all night, he approached Grahamville in the early morning, passed his family in a wagon on the road seeking a place of safety from a battle about to b
A. C. Edwards (search for this): chapter 1.4
in our front became rapid and sharp was there any manifestation of the old esprit du corps. At Honey Hill we had for duty 300 to 350 men out of 1,000 we carried into Confederate service three years and a half before. Field and staff present: A. C. Edwards, colonel; Joseph S. Cone, lieutenant-colonel; Joseph C. Thompson, major; B. S. Williams, adjutant. Having no record, I cannot say from memory if any others of the staff officers were present. It is impossible to recollect the roster of compmounted cavalry of Captain Peeples, there were in the vicinity of Honey Hill at 7:30 A. M., when the Federal advance began, six other field pieces of the Beaufort Artillery, and Kanapaux and Earle's batteries, also the 47th Georgia infantry, Colonel Edwards, 350 veteran troops, which had arrived at sunrise, as promised by wire from Charleston, and about 140 3d South Carolina cavalry of Company B, Captain Campbell, Company E, Captain Raysor, and detachments from Companies C and I. Adjutant Willi
F. Hay Gantt (search for this): chapter 1.4
ut 8 o'clock A. M. I have already referred to the quiet conditions in November, along our coast front, and to the continuing depletion from this region, of its already limited forces, to meet the needs of the Confederacy elsewhere, and so the actual military conditions at that date may be best presented by an enumeration of the troops of all arms available in the military district, in which the landing and succeeding battle took place. The 11th regiment South Carolina infantry, Colonel F. Hay Gantt, Lieutenant-Colonel Allen C. Izard, Major J. J. Gooding, was the last infantry force on duty between Ashley river and the Savannah. In May, 1864, it was ordered to report to General Johnson Hagood in Virginia. Not an infantry soldier was on the coast between Charleston and Savannah after that date, except Company E, 11th S. C. V., Captain John C. Mickler, which was left on outpost duty and scouting up to June, 1864, when this company also joined its regiment in Virginia. Cavalry—
ter, and it was no longer useful as an artillery post, Major John Johnson, an engineer from civil life, utilized the debris of walls and parapets and other available material, and rendered the fort impregnable to the end of the war with an infantry garrison. Difficulty was opportunity—Fort Sumter was kept virgin to the end. The ironclad Keokuk finally sunk off the southern point of Morris Island, three-quarters of a mile from the beach, after the fight of April 7, 1863. Her two 11-inch Dahlgren guns, thirteen and a half feet long, three feet in diameter at the breech, and weighing eight tons each, were taken from her turrets by the brave and indomitable Adolphus W. Lacoste in night work, with a force of Charleston artisans, almost from under the eyes of the Federal fleet, and both guns subsequently mounted on the harbor defences and used effectively. Details of these and other meritorious achievements will be found in Johnson's Defence of Charleston Harbor, a volume which should
Mansfield Lovell (search for this): chapter 1.4
est Point in the class of 1842. I append the order of general merit at graduation of (subsequently) prominent members of that class, as a fitting introduction to this interesting narrative: 5. William S. Rosecrans; 8. Gustavus W. Smith; 9. Mansfield Lovell; 12. Alex. P. Stewart; 16. Martin L. Smith; 17. John Pope; 24. Abner Doubleday; 28. D. H. Hill; 40. R. H. Anderson; 41. Geo. W. Lay; 48. Lafayette McLaws; 52. Earl Van Dorn; 54. James Longstreet. He was assigned to the engineer corps anlarge iron interests of Cooper, Hewitt & Co. at Trenton, N. J. When Fernando Wood was elected mayor of New York he induced General Smith to accept the position of street commissioner, which he held until May, 1861, when he and his deputy, Mansfield Lovell, of Maryland, resigned and joined the Confederate army at Richmond. President Davis commissioned him major-general on September 19, 1861, and assigned him to the command of the 1st division, A. N. V., composed of the brigades of Whiting,
John M. Jenkins (search for this): chapter 1.4
nd remained there until evening, actively skirmishing with head of naval brigade, which had advanced in that direction from the landing—by taking the wrong road. Company I—John Lawson Seabrook, captain; T. Warren Mikell, first lieutenant; John M. Jenkins, second lieutenant; Benj. Bailey, third lieutenant; (from Charleston and neighboring sea islands), 20 men. Company I (Rebel Troop) was in camp at Pocataligo, but had detachments permanently assigned at different points—ten men, under Corph and bivouacked; hearing of landing on 29th, Captain Peeples, without waiting for orders, led his company promptly to the front to observe the enemy on Grahamville side, and, as senior officer present, took command and directed matters until Major Jenkins' arrival on the field later in the day. Total cavalry force, 246 men. Artillery—Beaufort Volunteer Artillery, Captain H. M. Stuart; Lieutenants John Rhodes, R. M. Fuller, John Baker (from Beaufort, S. C.)—4 guns, 100 men—was at McPh
Charles Colcock Jones (search for this): chapter 1.4
has so notably exemplified them as has Major Courtenay, as defender and sustainer of right, in the fields of war and journalism, and so continuously in historical research and in municipal government—give earnest of the privilege of reprinting, in these pages, the following contribution to the Sunday News, Charleston, S. C., in which it appeared November 6 and 13, 1898. Reference may be made also to another earnest contribution, published in the News, and reprinted in this volume, Charles Colcock Jones—an excellent biographical sketch. See ante, p. 32.—Ed.] On St. Andrew's Day, 1864, near Boyd's Landing, in old Beaufort District, a desperate battle was fought and won by citizen soldiers of Georgia and South Carolina against enormous odds. Thirty-three years have passed since, many of the actors in the honor and glory of that November day have joined the majority, yet no effort has been made to record this great military achievement at Honey Hill—to garner up even some of
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