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W. F. Smith (search for this): chapter 16
tly into Richmond. I called on my generals, Smith and Gillmore, and explained this plan. I saidroops which I had ordered should report to General Smith, were still under his own command; and beceutenant-General Grant. Another letter of General Smith See Appendix No. 44. shows the state of, how they could thwart and interfere with me. Smith's letter shows that Gillmore would do nothing in the world to aid Smith. I did not then think Smith was quite in that frame of mind towards GillSmith was quite in that frame of mind towards Gillmore, but other evidence has shown me that he was. Indeed, as will appear, it was impossible even tder one division of his corps to report to General Smith with two days rations ready to march at an point that may be attacked. Of course, General Smith's demonstration will cover the right of General Gillmore's line of works, unless he [General Smith] is forced back. General Kautz has orderswas sent to endeavor to turn their right while Smith attacked the front. Both movements were galla[17 more...]
U. S. Grant (search for this): chapter 16
shington in time to repulse Early's attack. Grant seemed very doubtful whether the march could bim into Richmond, which he afterwards did. But Grant was repulsed at the Battle of the Wilderness, oving it to that State, was discussed with General Grant at his visit. Smith very much favored it,21st of April, Lieutenant-Colonel Dent, of General Grant's staff, came to Fortress Monroe as bearerhis the base of operations for a junction with Grant's army. General Meigs, quartermaster-generaar, giving information of the movements of General Grant. The first stated that on Friday night ad not determined the route (not true), if General Grant's operations had proved a great success ane James, below Richmond. Extract from General Grant's Official Report, pp. 6, 7. . . . . . vent a possible junction of their forces. General Grant's victorious army was pressing the broken could not doubt, for it had been sent from General Grant for my guidance, I was roused by a communi[40 more...]
erous and considerate reply to my letter, in which he assured me that no operations in North Carolina were intended, and that it was his wish that with all the forces of the Army of the James that could be spared from other duty, and such additional troops as had been ordered to report to me at Fortress Monroe, I should seize upon City Point and act directly in concert with the Army of the Potomac, with Richmond as the objective point. See Appendix No. 19. On the 21st of April, Lieutenant-Colonel Dent, of General Grant's staff, came to Fortress Monroe as bearer of a letter and memorandum of instructions. See Appendix No. 20. Before his arrival Plymouth, which General Grant desired should be held at all hazards, had fallen; but everything else for which they provided had already been done. From my conversation with Grant and from his reiterated instructions that I was to intrench and fortify at City Point and Bermuda Hundred; that our new base was to be established there ; t
A glance at the map will show these two places, the Point of Rocks near Port Walthall five miles up the Appomattox, and Osborn nineteen miles down the James River from Richmond. The banks of both rivers are, at these points, bluffs some 120 feet hvance on that side, or the enemy looking for danger on that side; and because it was impossible for the fleet to go above Osborn, which is just below Trent's Reach, I drew and sent to Admiral Lee, in obedience to the lieutenant-general's letter, afteof Admiral Lee See Appendix No. 22. that it was considered by him impossible for the navy to go above Trent's Reach or Osborn, on the right of the proposed intrenched lines of Bermuda Hundred, which was the highest point ever reached by the navy u make the movement a surprise, and argued strenuously against an attempt by the joint expedition to go above City Point,--Osborn, the point proposed by me, being almost twenty miles beyond by the river. To divert the enemy's attention, all the whi
Salmon P. Chase (search for this): chapter 16
residential election of 1864 both Lincoln and Chase offer Butler the Vice-presidency embarkation cipation as one of the terms of peace. Secretary Chase was making a very strenuous endeavor to bsidential aspirations. What do you think of Mr. Chase's action, assuming that he does so? I see he has to further a laudable ambition. As Chase is a Western man, he continued, had not the Vio you think would make a good candidate with Mr. Chase? There are plenty of good men, I answereal, said he; would you take that position with Chase, yourself? Are you authorized by Mr. Chase Mr. Chase to put this question to me and report my answer to him for his consideration? You may rest assured, was the reply; I am fully empowered by Mr. Chase to put the question, and he hopes the answer . Lincoln's renomination was assured. Is Mr. Chase making any headway in his candidature? I as You see I think it is Lincoln's fault and not Chase's that he is using the treasury against Lincol[4 more...]
mes River], transfer them to Acquia Creek [near Washington], and take position opposite Fredericksburg. This officer moved with great promptness, and reached Acquia Creek on the night of the third. It also happened that I was proven right, for in the summer Lee did send Early to make an attack on Washington with his corps, it being known that quite all the veteran troops had been drawn to the Army of the Potomac, and substantially all others. Early began his attack upon Washington, and Wright with his Sixth Corps was sent from City Point by water, and I sent a portion of the Nineteenth Corps, and although the transportation was by no means conducted with all the celerity possible, yet our troops got to Washington in time to repulse Early's attack. Grant seemed very doubtful whether the march could be made as quickly as I claimed. He appeared to have no idea of the capabilities of transportation by vessels in smooth water. I endeavored to convince him that the transportation
Charles A. Heckman (search for this): chapter 16
's tardiness of movement, and knowing that he was before the Senate for confirmation to the grade which he filled, I wrote a note to the Chairman of the Gen. Charles A. Heckman. Military Committee of the Senate, asking that he bring his name before the Senate at once and have it rejected by that body, giving my reasons for maher my military or political conduct. On the 7th General Smith struck the railroad near Port Walthall Junction, and began its destruction. Generals Brooks and Heckman of his corps had severe fighting, with some loss, but with more damage to the enemy. Colonel West, of the colored cavalry, had most successfully performed his y substantial particular misleading and untrue. There was severe fighting on the night of the 9th, the enemy making an attack in force upon Generals Brooks and Heckman, but were handsomely repulsed. On the 10th the plan of withdrawal of the troops from Swift Creek was carried out without loss, and the railroad wholly destroye
John W. Turner (search for this): chapter 16
f that corps, advanced from Port Walthall Junction. Two pieces of artillery that had been lost were re-captured by a gallant achievement of the Seventh Connecticut Volunteers, under Lieutenant-Colonel Roman, who drove the enemy back with loss to them of three hundred killed. The woods from which the enemy had been driven took fire under a high wind and their dead and severely wounded were burned. General Terry held his position till night and then withdrew to his place in line. As Brigadier-General Turner's division was retiring, General Hagood, by authority of General Bushrod Johnson of the Confederate forces, sent a flag of truce asking permission to bury their dead and to bring off their wounded, which was granted. On the morning of the 10th I received advices by signal from General Kautz announcing his return with his entire command. He had failed to reach Hicksford, but had burned the Stony Creek bridge, the Nottoway Bridge, and Jarratt's Station, and captured about one hund
Robert West (search for this): chapter 16
ce from Williamsburg to Charles City Court-House and captured two companies of rebel cavalry, being the outposts of Richmond. The force was gallantly led by Col. Robert West. The army being much in need of recruits, and Eastern Virginia claiming to be a fully organized loyal State, by permission of the President an enrolment orise of the 5th, General Kautz, with three thousand cavalry, moved from Suffolk to cut the Weldon Railroad at Hicksford, and thence to join us at City Point. Col. Robert West, with eighteen hundred colored cavalry, moved at the same time from Williamsburg to meet us at Turkey Bend, opposite City Point. The armed transports, undthall Junction, and began its destruction. Generals Brooks and Heckman of his corps had severe fighting, with some loss, but with more damage to the enemy. Colonel West, of the colored cavalry, had most successfully performed his march, having driven the enemy from the fords of the Chickahominy after a lively skirmish, and cro
Herman Biggs (search for this): chapter 16
loat at one time, after months of preparations known to the whole country. But, notwithstanding his opinion, General Meigs most earnestly and zealously aided our enterprise, and allowed me to procure in my own way all the transportation I deemed necessary to move the army and its supplies. But it was impossible to obtain sufficient transportation to take with us all the supply trains of the army, and it was some days before our whole trains got up, although every exertion was made by Colonel Biggs, chief quartermaster of the department, and Col. J. Wilson Shaffer, my chief of staff, to whose powers of business organization the country is largely indebted for a movement of troops which, for numbers, celerity, distance, and secrecy, was never before equalled, in any particular, in the history of war. On the 30th of April I received from General Grant my final orders, See Appendix No. 23. to start my forces on the night of the 4th of May so as to get up James River as far as po
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