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hrong collected at Montgomery, which, as will appear in a letter subjoined, only depressed, while their enthusiasm gratified, him, and in two days thereafter he was inaugurated, and delivered his address at the Capitol at one o'clock on Monday, February 18, 1861. Inaugural address of President Davis. delivered at the Capitol, Montgomery, Ala., Monday, February 18, 1861, at 1 P. M. gentlemen of the Congress of the Confederate States of America friends and fellow-citizens: Called to the Monday, February 18, 1861, at 1 P. M. gentlemen of the Congress of the Confederate States of America friends and fellow-citizens: Called to the difficult and responsible station of Chief Executive of the Provisional Government which you have instituted, I approach the discharge of the duties assigned to me with an humble distrust of my abilities, but with a sustaining confidence in the wisdom of those who are to guide and to aid me in the administration of public affairs, and an abiding faith in the virtue and patriotism of the people. Looking forward to the speedy establishment of a permanent Government to take the place of this,
The following is the official order for his expulsion: War Department, Adjutant-General's office, Washington, March 1, 1861. The following order is published for the information of the army: War Department, March 1, 1861. By the direction of the President of the United States, it is ordered that Brigadier-General David E. Twiggs be and is hereby dismissed from the army of the United States for his treachery to the flag of his country, in having surrendered on the 18th of February, 1861, on the demand of the authorities of Texas, the military posts and other property of the United States in his department and under his charge. J. Holt, Secretary of War. By order of the Secretary of War. S. Cooper, Adjutant-General. --Evening Post, March 4. The Secretary of War at Washington received a despatch from Major Anderson, in which he contradicts the statement that President Davis had been to Charleston. He says that the report that he had been sick is without a p
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 5: events in Charleston and Charleston harbor in December, 1860.--the conspirators encouraged by the Government policy. (search)
ors were not to be foiled. By a stretch of authority given in the law of March 3, 1825, authorizing the Secretary of War to sell arms, ammunition, and other military stores, which should be found unsuitable for the public service, Floyd sold to States and individuals over thirty-one thou. sand muskets, altered from flint to percussion, for two dollars and fifty cents each. The Committee on Military Affairs of the House of Representatives, in their report on this subject, on the 18th of February, 1861, said that, in their judgment, it would require a very liberal construction of the law to bring these sales within its provisions. On the very day when Major Anderson dispatched his letter above cited to the Adjutant-General, November 24. Floyd sold ten thousand of these muskets to G. B. Lamar, of Georgia; and only eight days before, November 16. he sold five thousand of them to the State of Virginia. With a knowledge of these facts, the Mobile Advertiser, one of the principal o
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 10: Peace movements.--Convention of conspirators at Montgomery. (search)
ple of the South, that within two months a whole State could not take a fort defended by but seventy men. The thing is absurd. We must be disgraced. --Autograph Letter, February 11, 1861. The Alabamians seem to have been special objects of Rhett's dislike. Alabama, he said, has the meanest delegation in this body. There is not a statesman amongst them; and they are always ready for all the hasty projects of fear. Our policy has but little chance in this body. --Autograph Letter, February 18, 1861. Men like Stephens, and Hill, and Brooke, and Perkins, controlled the fiery spirits in that Convention, and it soon assumed a dignity suited to the gravity of the occasion. The sessions of the Montgomery Convention were generally held in secret. On one or two occasions. propositions were made to employ two stenographers to take down the debates. These propositions were voted down, and no reporters were allowed. They had open as well as secret sessions. Their open sessions the
it was doubtless understood between them that his business in Texas was to betray this entire force, or so much of it as possible, into the hands of the yet undeveloped traitors with whom Floyd was secretly in league. Twiggs's age and infirmities had for some time excused him from active service, until this ungracious duty — if duty it can be called — was imposed upon and readily accepted by him. Within 90 days after his arrival December 5, 1860. at Indianola, he had surrendered February 18, 1861. He immediately and openly declared that the Union could not last 60 days, and warned officers, if they had pay due them, to draw it at once, as this would be the last. the entire force at and near San Antonio, with all their arms, munitions, and supplies, to three persons acting as Commissioners on behalf of the Committee of Public Safety, secretly appointed February 5, 1861. by the Convention which had just before assumed to take Texas out of the Union. Feb. 1. The Convention
her ordinance, for the adoption of the Constitution of the Provisional Government of the Confederate States of America, passed on the 25th of April, 1861, it is provided that the said ordinance shall cease to have any legal operation or effect if the people of this Commonwealth upon the vote directed to be taken on the Ordinance of Secession shall reject the same; and it now appearing by the said vote that the people have ratified the said Ordinance of Secession; therefore, I do further proclaim, that the Constitution of the Provisional Government of the Confederate States of America, ordained and established at Montgomery, Alabama, on the 18th day of February, 1861, is now in full force in this Commonwealth, and must be respected and obeyed. [L. S.] Given under my hand, as Governor, and under the seal of the Commonwealth, this 14th day of June, 1861, and in the eighty-fifth year of the Commonwealth. John Letcher. By the Governor, Geo. W. Munford, Secretary of the Commonwealth.
el, permit me to congratulate you upon your escape from the terrible, fire to which you exposed yourself continually, during both actions, without receiving any dangerous wounds; and also to thank you for giving your brigade and our regiment, an opportunity to asist so materially in the consummation of the great victory. I am, Colonel, your most obedient servant, Fred. Arn, Major Thirty-first Indiana Volunteers. [D.] headquarters Forty-Fourth Regt. Indiana Vols., Fort Henry, February 18, 1861. Col. Charles Cruft, Commanding First Brigade, Third Division: Sir: On the morning of Saturday, February fifteenth, the Forty-fourth regiment, Indiana volunteers, left their bivouac near the enemy's lines and marched to the attack on Fort Donelson. By order of Gen. McClernand we first took position near the battery, (which was afterward assaulted by the rebels.) In this position the enemy's shot passed over our heads. Shortly afterward we were ordered forward into line with our br
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 1: The Opening Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Engagements of the Civil War with losses on both sides December, 1860-August, 1862 (search)
. January 9, 1861: Mississippi seceded. January 10, 1861: Florida seceded. January 11, 1861: Alabama seceded. January 19, 1861: Georgia seceded. January 26, 1861: Louisiana seceded. February, 1861. February 1, 1861: Texas seceded. February 4, 1861: Confederate States of America provisionally organized at Montgomery, Ala. February 9, 1861: Jefferson Davis elected provisional President of the Confederate States of America. February 18, 1861: Jefferson Davis inaugurated President of the Confederate States at Montgomery, Ala. March, 1861. March 4, 1861: Abraham Lincoln inaugurated President of the United States at Washington. April, 1861. April 12, 1861: bombardment of Fort Sumter, S. C. Union 1st U. S. Art. Confed. S. C. Art. No casualties. April 14, 1861: evacuation of Fort Sumter, S. C. By U. S. Losses: Union 1 killed, 5 wounded by premature explosion of cannon in firing a salute to the
e, to weaken the military strength of the adversary by keeping fighting men from his ranks. Possession of a large number of prisoners may, however, prove a source of weakness rather that of strength, since prisoners must be guarded and fed. Therefore, the custom of paroling—that is, releasing under an oath not to take up arms until exchanged—developed. The first prisoners were taken very soon after the organization of the Confederate Government, before a battle had been fought. On February 18, 1861, General David E. Twiggs, commanding the Department of Texas, surrendered without resistance the military posts and public property of the department to a committee appointed by the State of Texas, stipulating, however, that the troops, 2684 in all, were to retire unmolested. Because of this act, General Twiggs was dismissed on March 1st from the Federal service. A few transports were sent for the troops, but before all of them had succeeded in reaching the coast, the attempt to reli
s with an open hand, and, as far as I know, he abetted neither arson nor pillage, and has since the war, I believe, showed no malignity to Confederates either of the military or civil service. Therefore, instead of seeking to disturb the quiet of his closing hours, I would, if it were in my power, contribute to the peace of his mind and the comfort of his body. [Signed] Jefferson Davis. The inauguration: third of seven scenes from the life of Jefferson Davis It is the eighteenth of February, 1861. The clock on the State House of Alabama points to the hour of one. Jefferson Davis is being inaugurated as President of the Confederate States of America. The only photograph of the memorable scene was made by A. C. McIntyre, the principal artist of Montgomery. Davis had been elected on February 9, 1861, by the provisional congress that had met there to form a Confederate Government. Although preferring high rank in the army to political position, Davis accepted. On Februar
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