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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Fire, sword, and the halter. (search)
From Lexington he proceeded to Buchanan, in Bottetourt county, and camped on the magnificent estate of Colonel John T. Anderson, an elder brother of General Joseph R. Anderson, of the Tredegar Works, at Richmond. Colonel Anderson's estate, on the banks of the Upper James, and his mansion, were baronial in character. The housColonel Anderson's estate, on the banks of the Upper James, and his mansion, were baronial in character. The house crowned a high, wooded hill, was very large, and furnished in a style to dispense that lavish hospitality which was the pride of so many of the old-time Virginians. It was the seat of luxury and refinement, and in all respects a place to make the owner contented with his lot in this world. Colonel Anderson was old-his head as Colonel Anderson was old-his head as white as snow-and his wife but a few years his junior. He was in no office, and too old to fight-hence was living on his fine estate strictly the life of a private gentleman. He had often, in years gone by, filled prominent representative positions from his county. There was no military or public object on God's earth to be gai
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), The career of General A. P. Hill. (search)
insula that opportunities for distinction were fairly offered to the capable and brave. Hill's bearing at the battle of Williamsburg, and the collisions that precluded settlement in the lines around Richmond, marked him for early promotion. On the 26th of February, 1862, he was appointed brigadier general, and assigned the First, Seventh, Eleventh, and Seventeenth regiments of Virginia infantry; and on May 25th he was commissioned major general, and placed in command of the brigades of J. R. Anderson, Gregg, Pender, Branch, Field, and Archer. Soon was his fitness for this perilous distinction to be tested. It will not comport with the limits of this sketch to attempt anything resembling a report of the various engagements from which General Hill drew steady acquisitions of fame as a brilliant chief of division. That will only be accurately done when the history of the Army of Northern Virginia shall come to be written. But a partial exception must be made in regard to the init
was to prevent, by seizure, the delivery to United States officers of some guns cast for them by the Tredegar Works; and, from that day, there were no more earnest and energetic workers for the cause of southern independence than the firm of Jos. R. Anderson & Co. It was said, at this time, that the firm was in financial straits. But it thrived so well on government patronage-spite of sundry boards to consider if army and navy work was not paid for at ruinously low rates — that it greatly incregle, was in better condition than at the commencement. The senior partner was, for a time, in the field at head of his brigade; but affairs were so well managed, in the interval, by the Messrs. Tanner-father and son, who were partners with General Anderson--that his absence was not appreciable in the work. It was at the Tredegar Works that the famous Brooke gun --a rifled 7-inch--was cast, tested and perfected. Here the plates for the iron-clads, in almost all southern waters, were rolled
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 7: Atlantic coast defenses.-assigned to duty in Richmond as commander in chief under the direction of the Southern President. (search)
his capital and about the same distance from McClellan's right flank. He could therefore easily return to Washington, if necessary, or re-enforce McClellan in his attack on Richmond. In order to watch this movement of McDowell's, General Joseph R. Anderson, with nine thousand men, had taken up a position between Fredericksburg and Richmond, with the object of holding McDowell in check as well as he could with such an inferior force, while General Johnston attacked McClellan's army. Both ve hundred men near Staunton. Lee was anxious to gain success in the Valley, because it would retard the offensive campaign against Richmond, and informed Jackson that if he was strong enough to hold Banks in check, Ewell might, by uniting with Anderson's force between Fredericksburg and Richmond, attack and possibly destroy McDowell, then at Fredericksburg. Banks had some twenty thousand men at Harrisonburg watching General Edward Johnson, and six thousand men, under Milroy and Schenck, had m
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, VI. September, 1861 (search)
commendations therein attended to with all possible expedition. It is now asserted that the garrison was deficient in ammunition. This was not the case. The position was simply not tenable under the fire of the U. S. ships of war. September 2 I voluntarily hunted up Capt. Lee's report, and prepared an article for the press based on its statements. September 3 My article on the defenses of North Carolina seems to have silenced the censures of the cavilers. September 4 J. R. Anderson, proprietor of the iron-works here, has been appointed brigadier-general by the President. He, too, was a West Pointer; but does not look like a military genius. He is assigned to duty on the coast of North Carolina. September 5 Our Congress has authorized the raising and organizing of four hundred regiments. The Yankee Congress, 500,000 men. The enemy will get their's first; and it is said that between 600,000 and 700,000, for three years or the war, have already been accepted
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, XX. November, 1862 (search)
not yet shelled the town. There is a rumor that Jackson was to appear somewhere in the rear of the enemy, and that the Federal stores which could not be moved with the army had been burnt at Manassas. Yesterday the President remitted the sentence of a poor lad, sentenced to ball-and-chain for six months, for cowardice, etc. He had endured the penalty three months. I like this act, for the boy had enlisted without the consent of his parents, and was only sixteen years of age. J. R. Anderson & Co. (having drawn $500,000 recently on the contract) have failed to furnish armor for the gun-boats-the excuse being that iron could not be had for their rolling-mills. The President has ordered the Secretaries of the Navy and War to consult on the propriety of taking railroad iron, on certain tracks, for that purpose. November 24 Fredericksburg not shelled yet; but the women and children are flying hither. The enemy fired on a train of women and children yesterday, supposing t
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, XXIII. February, 1863 (search)
s. Lee thinks Charleston will be attacked. Congress does nothing. some fears for Vicksburg. Pemberton commands. Wise dashes into Williamsburg. rats take food from my daughter's hand. Lee wants the meat sent from Georgia to Virginia, where the fighting will be. Gen. Winder uneasy about my Diary. Gen. Johnston asks to be relieved in the West. February 1 The Virginia Legislature, now in session, has a bill under discussion for the suppression of extortion. One of the members, Mr. Anderson, read the following table of the prices of Agricultural produce. Before the war. White wheat, per bushel$1.50 Flour, per barrel7.50 Corn, per bushel70 Hay, per hundred1.00 Hides, per pound7 Beef, per pound8 Bacon, per pound13 Lard, per pound15 Butter, per pound30 Irish potatoes1.00 Sweet potatoes1.00 Apple brandy1.00 Wool, per pound30 Now. White wheat, per bushel$4.50 Flour, per barrel22.00 Corn, per bushel3.50 Hay, per hundred3.50 Hides, per pound40 Beef,
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, chapter 27 (search)
t: [received by telegraph from Guiney's Depot.] headquarters, 10 o'clock A M., May 5, 1863. To his Excellency, President Davis. At the close of the battle of Chancellorville, on Sunday, the enemy was reported advancing from Fredericksburg in our rear. Gen. McLaws was sent back to arrest his progress, and repulsed him handsomely that afternoon. Learning that this force consisted of two corps, under Gen. Sedgwick, I determined to attack it, and marched back yesterday with Gen. Anderson, and uniting with Gens. McLaws and Early in the afternoon, succeeded by the blessing of Heaven in driving Gen. Sedgwick over the river. We have reoccupied Fredericksburg, and no enemy remains south of the Rappahannock in its vicinity. (Signed) R. E. Lee, General. Another dispatch from Gen. Lee says Hooker is still on this side of the river, at United States Ford, fortifying. Gen. Longstreet is now closeted with the Secretary of War. No doubt his entire corps will immediatel
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, chapter 29 (search)
in any way offend against the orders on this subject. R. E. Lee, General. We have no additional news from the battle-field, except the following dispatch from Winchester: Our loss is estimated at 10,000. Between 3000 and 4000 of our wounded are arriving here to-night. Every preparation is being made to receive them. Gens. Scales and Pender have arrived here wounded, this evening. Gens. Armistead, Barksdale, Garnett, and Kemper are reported killed. Gens. Jones, Heth, Anderson, Pettigrew, Jenkins, Hampton, and Hood are reported wounded. The Yankees say they had only two corps in the fight on Wednesday, which was open field fighting. The whole of the Yankee force was engaged in the last three days fighting. The number — is estimated at 175,000. The hills around Gettysburg are said to be covered with the dead and wounded of the Yankee Army of the Potomac. The fighting of these four days is regarded as the severest of the war, and the slaughter unprece
J. B. Jones, A Rebel War Clerk's Diary, XXXIII. December, 1863 (search)
i in Tennessee, in exchange for cotton. He told me that the proposition was made by the Federal officers, and will have their connivance, if not the connivance of Federal functionaries in Washington, interested in the speculation. Lieut..Col. Ruffin prefers trading with the enemy at New Orleans. It is rumored that Mr. Seddon will resign, and be succeeded by Gov. Letcher; notwithstanding Hon. James Lyons asserted in public (and it appears in the Examiner to-day) that Gov. L. told Gen. J. R. Anderson last year, subsequent to the fall of Donelson, he was still in favor of the Union. December 20 We have nothing new yet from Averill's raiders; but it is said Gen. Lee has set a trap for them. From East Tennessee there is a report that a battle has taken place somewhere in that region, but with what result is not yet known. There is much consternation among the Jews and other speculators here, who have put in substitutes and made money. They fear that their substitutes will
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