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Thomas Wentworth Higginson, John Greenleaf Whittier 60 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Walcott Boynton, Reader's History of American Literature 6 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Whittier, John Greenleaf 1807-1892 (search)
. Whittier's prose writings against slavery were also numerous—he was a vigorous polemic— and these papers, twenty in number, may be found together in vol. VII. of the Riverside edition. Among them are the pamphlet Justice and expediency, which he refers to in his account of the convention of 1833 as his first venture in authorship, and his two letters to the Jeffersonian and times, Richmond, Va. (1833), on The abolitionists: their sentiments and objects. The life of Whittier, by Samuel T. Pickard, is especially full, touching his work against slavery and his general political life, which was much more active than is commonly supposed. There are briefer biographies by Underwood, Kennedy, and Linton, and interesting volumes of personal reminiscences by Mrs. Mary B. Claflin and Mrs. James T. Fields. The Anti-slavery convention of 1833. By John G. Whittier. Written in 1874. Copyright, 1888, by John Greenleaf Whittier. Reprinted by permission from Whittier's Prose Works,
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Walcott Boynton, Reader's History of American Literature, Chapter 6: the Cambridge group (search)
I really do, in the great cause it is laboring to promote. ... I would rather have the memory of a Howard, a Wilberforce, and a Clarkson than the undying fame of a Byron. The final sentence is especially noteworthy, as giving the keynote of Whittier's subsequent career. His life from this time was that of a journalist and a reformer, rather than that of a man of letters. It would be easy, however, to lay too much stress upon his lack of academic training. His formal schooling, says Mr. Pickard, Life and letters of John Greenleaf Whittier, i. p. 72. was only the beginning of his student life; by wide and well-chosen reading he was constantly adding to his stores of information; while reveling in the fields of English literature, he became familiar through translations with ancient and current literature of other nations. As a poet Whittier was not only slow in reaching maturity, but, in spite of his fondness for rhyming, very slow in producing anything of real promise. He him
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Walcott Boynton, Reader's History of American Literature, chapter 13 (search)
he conquest of Mexico, 3 vols., New York, 1843. Parkman's Works, 12 vols., Little, Brown & Co., 1865-1898. E. P. Whipple's Essays and reviews, 2 vols., 1848-1849. Chapter 6: the Cambridge group (A) S. Longfellow's Life of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 3 vols., Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1891. T. W. Higginson's Longfellow, in American men of letters series, 1901. E. S. Robertson's Life of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, in Great writers series, Walter Scott (London), 1887. S. T. Pickard's Life and letters of John Greenleaf Whittier, 2 vols., Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1894. T. W. Higginson's Whittier, in English men of letters series, 1901. J. T. Morse's Life and letters of Oliver Wendell Holmes, 2 vols., Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1896. Horace E. Scudder's James Russell Lowell, 2 vols., Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1901. (B) Houghton, Mifflin & Co., are the authorized publishers of the works of Longfellow, Whittier, Holmes, Lowell, Hawthorne, Emerson, and Tho
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Walcott Boynton, Reader's History of American Literature, Index. (search)
s, 262. Paradise lost, Milton's, 15. Parker, Theodore, 176, 178, 179, 233, 270. Parkman, Francis, 98, 118-121. Peter, 239. Parton, James, 119. Pater, Walter, 166. Pathfinder, Cooper's, 99. Pendennis, Thackeray's, 258. Penn, William, 74, 147. Pepper, Colonel, 235. Perkins, Eli, 243. Peter Rugg, the Missing man, Austin's, 187-189. Phi Beta Kappa, 155. Philanthropist, 149, 150. Phillips, Katharine, 12. Phillips, Wendell, 10, 43, 270. Piatt, John James, 264. Pickard, Samuel T., 150. Pickering, Thomas, 65. Pickwick papers, Dickens's, 90. Pinkney, Edward C., 216. Pioneers, Cooper's, 239. Pit, Norris's, 255. Poe, Edgar Allan, 90, 118, 143, 165, 190, 206-215, 231. Poor Richard's Aimanac, Franklin's, 58, 59. Pope, Alexander, 9, 40, 108, 158, 166, 219. Portfolio, 65-69. Power of Dullness, Trumbull's, 40. Prairie, Cooper's, 236. Prescott, William Hickling, 71, 73, 74, 87, 117. Prince of the house of David, Ingraham's, 129, 262. Problem
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, John Greenleaf Whittier, Note (search)
Note The thanks of the author are due to various friends and correspondents who have aided him with information or criticism; and especially to his friend Samuel T. Pickard, Esq., the authorized biographer of Whittier, whose invaluable work must always hold the leading place among all books relating to the poet's personal history, and who has also been most generous in the way of private counsel. T. W. H. Cambridge, Mass.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, John Greenleaf Whittier, Chapter 1: childhood (search)
e family. This tradition suggests the ways and purposes of the Society of Friends, but it does not appear that Thomas Whittier actually belonged to that body, though he risked name and standing to secure fair treatment for those who led it. Mr. Pickard, the poet's biographer, tells us that in 1652 he joined in petitioning the legislature, then called general court, for the pardon of Robert Pike, who had been heavily fined for speaking against the order prohibiting certain Quakers from exhor with him a hive of bees which had been willed to him by his uncle, Henry Rolfe, a fellow passenger to this country. This hive of bees, as an emblem of industry and thrift, has been used by some of his descendants as the basis of a monogram. Pickard's Whittier, I. 5. In the house thus honourably occupied by a manly progenitor, John Greenleaf Whittier was born, his middle name coming from his paternal grandmother, Sarah Greenleaf, about whom he wrote a ballad, and about whose name — tran
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, John Greenleaf Whittier, Chapter 2: school days and early ventures (search)
cademy] before I do anything. He is one of the best men — to use a phrase of my craft — that ever trod shoe-leather. Pickard, I. 70. After leaving the academy, Whittier plunged with unexpected suddenness into journalism, which took with him to have ideas similar to those of that old churl of a Plato, who was for banishing all poets from his perfect republic. Pickard, pp. 100-2. Moll Pitcher was published (Boston, 1832) anonymously, and again, but this time with his name, eight yealls of our house are just visible. In truth, I am as comfortable as one can well be, always excepting ill health. Mr. Pickard informs us that it is made clear by his other correspondents that the prospects of which Whittier speaks are in the liWhittier speaks are in the line of political promotion; and that he was prevented from accepting the offer by his friends of a nomination for Congress, only because he was below what he supposed to be the legal age, twenty-five. Pickard, I. 1
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, John Greenleaf Whittier, Chapter 3: Whittier the politician (search)
re he attended a high school, so he was a politician before he was a reformer. The most surprising revelation made by Mr. Pickard's late biography of Whittier was of the manner in which he, like many promising young Americans, was early swept into ease, that I am ready to go on with the contest, and you had better recommend mildness in the process of electioneering. Pickard's Whittier, 168, 169. There are many lapses from a high standard which count for less at twenty-four than at thirty;ticularly mean on the part of the Boston shopkeepers. I never felt so indignant as when I saw the courthouse in chains. Pickard's Whittier, I. 355, 356. This last reference was to the rendition of Thomas Sims, a fugitive slave, during the progress two or three office-holders and their dependents, defend the course of Banks, and applaud the manly speeches of Sumner. Pickard's Whittier, I. 374. I have gone a little in advance of the development of this part of Whittier's nature — that of t
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, John Greenleaf Whittier, Chapter 6: a division in the ranks (search)
l interest. I have repented of it a thousand times, especially as it gave those who were not intimately acquainted with me a false idea of my character. . . . Pickard, I. 218-19. The only record in the Life of Garrison by his sons — perhaps the most thoroughly executed biography ever written in America, though it could hardfor the antislavery cause than any one, in view of the height and breadth of his previous influence and popularity. The letter addressed to him may be found in Pickard's Whittier, I. 137. In November, 1837, a small volume of Whittier's poems was issued in Boston by the publisher of the Liberator, Isaac Knapp. It was first pby the American Antislavery Society to go through Pennsylvania and find, if they could, seventy public speakers who would take part in the war against slavery. Pickard's Whittier, I. 250. He had at one time planned, when he felt himself more in command of his bodily forces, to attend the World's Antislavery Convention at London
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, John Greenleaf Whittier, Chapter 7: Whittier as a social reformer (search)
ons. No Friends were members of the convention, although there were several lookers-on. Judging from the little I saw and heard, I do not think the world will be much the wiser for the debate. It may have a tendency to unsettle some minds. Pickard, I. 266-67. It was in connection with The Tent on the beach that Whittier printed in the New York Nation what is perhaps the best statement of the comparative position which poetry and practical reform held in his life. It is as follows:-- many years, is still a living and beautiful reality. And after all, good as thy books are, we know thee to be better than any book. I wish thee could know how proudly and tenderly thee is loved and honoured by the best and wisest of the land. Pickard's Whittier, II. 603-04. Whittier was the only one of his immediate literary circle, except Fields the publisher, who unequivocally supported woman suffrage from the beginning of the agitation. It was of course easier for members of the Soci
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