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The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), chapter 16 (search)
nd Kimball's divisions were encamped in line upon the Atlanta and Fayetteville road. This position of the troops, it was learned just at night-fall, was not in accordance with the views of the department commander, but owing to the lateness of the hour it was not deemed advisable to move the whole force, and one brigade of General Wood's division and the pickets of the command were pushed out to cover the road leading by Morrow's Mills to Decatur. General Newton, at Mann's house, on the Shoal Creek road, reported the enemy in considerable force, and intrenched between himself and Morrow's Mills. Early August 31 the corps was moved in the direction of Rough and Ready by way of Thorn's Mill. General Newton was instructed to remain in position until he should be joined by General Schofield's force, and then to follow. Arriving in sight of the mills on Crooked Creek, on the Decatur road, a long line of breast-works could be seen on the opposite side of the creek. These were occupied
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., The Union cavalry in the Hood campaign. (search)
t as he could not muster over a thousand troopers for duty, he failed to check the rebel advance and was soon forced to take up a position of observation behind Shoal Creek, where he was joined on the 5th of November by General Hatch, with the Fifth Division, which had but recently come from west Tennessee. A few days later these united forces, under Hatch, with not over 3000 men in the saddle, took the offensive, recrossed Shoal Creek, and drove the rebel cavalry sharply back upon the infantry at Florence, capturing a part of the unfinished field-works at that place. By great activity and vigilance, General Hatch discovered every movement of the enemy andfooted and fiercely aggressive veterans. On the 19th of November the enemy was reported by the cavalry pickets as marching north in force on the west side of Shoal Creek, and this was confirmed without delay by a cavalry reconnoissance in force, which resulted in the capture of the headquarters trains belonging to Chalmers's and
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 15: Sherman's March to the sea.--Thomas's campaign in Middle Tennessee.--events in East Tennessee. (search)
ries and spiked the guns; and on the following day, Oct. 29. the third of the siege (which was only a feint to cover preparations for a more important movement), it was abandoned, and Hood went westward to Tuscumbia. That important movement was the passage of the Tennessee River by Hood's army, a part of which crossed it at the mouth of Cyprus Creek, Oct. 31, 1864. not far from Florence, in the face of strong opposition from Croxton's brigade, which was pressed back to the east bank of Shoal Creek. It was now evident that Hood intended to advance into Middle Tennessee. General Hatch was ordered to move, with his cavalry division, from Clifton, to the support of Croxton; and, as we have seen, the Twenty-third Corps, under General Schofield, was directed to report to General Thomas, to whom was given full control of all the troops in the Military Division of the Mississippi, excepting those which were to accompany Sherman. See page 400. General Thomas J. Wood's division of the
the passage of Elk River, and accompanied in person Colonel Lytle's expedition, but without crossing, the enemy, as usual, fled at our approach. I ordered on yesterday an expedition to move promptly from Rogersville to seize the bridge across Shoal Creek and the ferry below the mouth of same stream. This duty has been promptly executed, and the ferry and bridge are ours. No more troops will enter from that region, and we have now upon this side of the river 1,200 or 1,500 cavalry of the enem862. Sir: For more than two weeks the enemy has been landing troops at several points below the mouth of Elk River, principally cavalry. Their headquarters were at Rogersville, near Lamb's Ferry, and at Bainbridge Ferry, below the mouth of Shoal Creek. From these points Morgan's, Helm's, Scott's, and the Texan Cavalry have started upon their marauding expeditions. On the very day I received command of the troops posted between this point and Nashville I ordered an expedition against Ro
were there to fight and not to surrender. October fourth, left Athens at daylight (leaving the One Hundred and Twenty-fifth and part of the One Hundred and Tenth Illinois infantry to guard supply train which was to follow the command) and marched to Rogersville, fording Elk River, raining very hard, distance eighteen miles. October fifth, left camps at daylight, (rained hard all night and during the early part of the day,) fording First, Second, and Blue Water Creeks, bivouacked at Shoal Creek, two brigades (First and Third) crossing to the west side, and the Second and battery remaining on the east. Four companies of the Sixth Tennessee cavalry, under the command of Major----, having reported to me for duty by order of Brigadier-General R. S. Granger, were ordered well out on the Florence road in advance of my infantry pickets; during the night they were driven in, and some sharp picket-firing took place. At daylight on the sixth, the Sixteenth Illinois infantry were ordered
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Chapter XI (search)
hat place, were, as shown in the following despatch from me, quite inapplicable to the then existing situation: Pulaski, November 20, 1864. Major-General Thomas: After full consideration I am of the opinion that this is not the best position for the main body of our troops, at least so long as we are inferior in strength to the enemy. If Hood advances, whether his design be to strike this place or Columbia, he must move via Lawrenceburg on account of the difficulty of crossing Shoal Creek. Under cover of his cavalry, he can probably reach Lawrenceburg without our knowledge, and move his forces a day's march from that point toward Columbia before we could learn his designs, and thus reach that point ahead of us; or he might move upon this place, and while demonstrating against it throw his forces on to the pike north of us, and thus cut us off from Columbia and from our reinforcements. Lynnville would be free from these objections as a point of concentration for our force
John M. Schofield, Forty-six years in the Army, Index (search)
27, 328, 334: Halleck, Sept. 25, 1864, 333: Schofield, J. M., Oct. 1864, 165; Dec. 28, 252, 254, 255, 326; May 5, 1865, 370; March 28, 1876, 439, 440; March 29, 440; March 30, 440, 441; May 25, 1876, 445, 453; Dec. 13, 1880, 447; Dec. 14, 448; May 3, 1881, 450,451, 453: Thomas, G. H., Oct. 19, 1864, 191; Oct. 20, 317, 318; Oct. 31, 198; Nov. 1, 320; Nov. 7, 199; Nov. 11, 321, 322; Nov. 12, 288, 301 Sherman, Mrs. W. T., 542 Shiloh, Tenn., attitude of Halleck toward Grant before, 361 Shoal Creek, military movements on, 201 Sierra Nevada, a trip across the, 430 Sigel, Col., Franz, commanding Missouri troops, 37, 38; ordered to Springfield, 37, 38; retreats from Newtonia to Springfield, 38; junction with Lyon and Sturgis, 38; battle of Wilson's Creek, 42, 43, 47; Lyon's confidence in, 43; takes over command from Sturgis, 47; protests against Sturgis's reassuming command, 47 Sinclairville, N. Y., Rev. James Schofield's pastorate in, 1 Sioux Indians, threatened outbreak b
d for the purposes indicated. In the mean time minute and careful investigations have been made as to the condition of the roads in Middle Tennessee, and also of those districts best able to furnish supplies of provisions and forage for the army. It is now contemplated that the army will cross the river and take up its line of march on the 9th instant, with fifteen days rations. Lee's corps is now on the north side of the river, in front of Florence, two divisions being encamped on Shoal Creek, six or seven miles from that town. Respectfully, your obedient servant, G. T. Beauregard, General. General S. Cooper, A. and I.-Genl., Richmond, Va. Careful instructions were given, on the 9th, to Major-General M. L. Smith, Chief-Engineer, by General Beauregard as to the proper mode of protecting the Tennessee River against any attempted passage of the enemy's gunboats. See General Beauregard's letter, in Appendix. The day following he addressed a letter to General Hood,
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories, Illinois Volunteers. (search)
is to Moscow November 9-13. Shoal Creek, Ala., November 11. On line of Shoal Creek November 16-20. Duck River November 28. Franklin November 30. BattlCampaign November-December. Shoal Creek, Ala., November 11. On line of Shoal Creek November 16-20. Lawrenceburg, Tenn., November 22. Campbellsville Novem Campaign November-December. Shoal Creek, Ala., November 11. Online of Shoal Creek November 16-20. Lawrenceburg November 22. Campbellsville and Lynnvillegn November December. Expedition from Memphis to Moscow November 9-13. Shoal Creek November 11. On line of Shoal Creek November 16-20. Lawrenceburg NovemShoal Creek November 16-20. Lawrenceburg November 22. Campbellsville November 24. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Mount Carmel November 28. Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville Decembersee November 1-December 10. Shoal Creek, Ala., November 11. On line of Shoal Creek November 16-20. Lawrenceburg November 22. Campbellsville November 24.
Near Hernando October 11 (Detachment). Expedition from Memphis to Moscow November 9-13. Shoal Creek November 11. On line of Shoal Creek November 16-20. Butler Creek November 22. CampbeShoal Creek November 16-20. Butler Creek November 22. Campbellsville and Lynnville November 24. In front of Columbia November 24-27. Lawrenceburg November 27. Mount Carmel November 29. Battles of Franklin November 30; Nashville December 15-16. tember 27. Florence, Ala., October 6-7. Muscle Shoals near Florence October 30. Near Shoal Creek October 31. Nashville Campaign November-December. Shoal Creek near Florence November 5-Shoal Creek near Florence November 5-6 and 9. On line of Shoal Creek November 16-20. Fouche Springs November 23. Campbellsville November 24. Front of Columbia November 24-27. Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville DShoal Creek November 16-20. Fouche Springs November 23. Campbellsville November 24. Front of Columbia November 24-27. Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Lynnville December 24-25. Pulaski December 25-26. Expedition into Mississippi January 5-21, 1865. Wilson's Raid to Macon, Ga., March 22-May 1. Northport near Tuscaloosa
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