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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), America, discovery of. (search)
ther thing. Although to note all these particulars with a minute relation of every thing that happened, sewing what impressions and effects answered to the course and aspect of the stars, and the differences between the seas which he sailed and those of our countries, might all be useful; yet as I conceive that the relation of these particulars might now be tiresome to the reader, I shall only give an account of what appears to me necessary and convenient to be known. On Saturday the 4th of August, the next day after sailing from Palos, the rudder of the Pinta broke loose. The admiral strongly suspected that this was occasioned by the contrivance of the master on purpose to avoid proceeding on the voyage, which he had endeavored to do before they left Spain, and he therefore ranged up along side of the disabled vessel to give every assistance in his power, but the wind blew so hard that he was unable to afford any aid. Pinzon, however, being an experienced seaman, soon made a tem
inister Conger about July 18, was received through Minister Wu at Washington, and was accepted as authentic by the United States government, and subsequently by the European powers. But for the most part the reports were of the most fearful character. The stories of massacres and outrages committed upon the besieged filled the world with horror. By the latter part of July the international force numbered 30,000 men, and was deemed sufficiently large to begin the advance upon Peking. On Aug. 4, a relief column 16,000 strong left Tientsin and met its first determined resistance at Peitsang, Aug. 5, which it captured after a hard fight, with a loss of about 200 killed and wounded. With a considerable loss, Yangtsun, Aug. 7, and Tung Chow, Aug. 12, were occupied, and on Aug. 14, the relief forces entered Peking. The Emperor and the Empress Dowager had fled and the Chinese troops were surrounded in the inner city. Fighting in the streets continued till Aug. 28, when the allied troo
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fremont, John Charles 1813-1890 (search)
4,000 troops on steamers, he proceeded to Cairo with such a display that the impression was general that lie had 12,000. Although large bodies of Confederate troops in Kentucky and Missouri were gathered for the purpose of seizing Cairo and Bird's Point, Fremont was not molested in his mission, and Prentiss, at the former place, was amply strengthened. Pillow and Thompson and Hardee, who had advanced in that direction, fell back, and became very discreet. Fremont returned to St. Louis on Aug. 4, having accomplished his wishes and spread alarm among the Confederates. Polk, at Memphis, ordered Pillow to evacuate New Madrid, with his men and heavy guns, and hasten to Randolph and Fort Pillow, on the Tennessee shore. When news of the battle at Wilson's Creek, and the death of Lyon, reached St. Louis, the Confederates were jubilant. Fremont immediately proclaimed martial law, and appointed a provost-marshal. Some of the most active Confederates were arrested, and the publication o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Holidays, legal. (search)
hanksgiving, Dec. 25, general election. Tennessee. Jan. 1, Good-Friday, second Friday in May, May 30, July 4, first Monday in September, Thanksgiving, Dec. 25, general election. Texas. Jan. 1, Feb. 22, March 2, April 21, July 4, first Monday in September, Dec. 25, days of fasting and thanksgiving, election day. Utah. Jan. 1, Feb. 22, April 15, May 30, July 4 and 24, first Monday in September, Thanksgiving and Fast days, Dec. 25. Vermont. Jan. 1, Feb. 22, May 30, July 4, Aug. 16, Thanksgiving, Dec. 25. Virginia. Jan. 1 and 19, Feb. 22, Fast Day, June 3, July 4, first Monday in September, Thanksgiving, Dec. 25. Washington. Jan. 1, Feb. 12 and 22, Decoration Day, July 4, first Monday in September, Thanksgiving, Dec. 25, general election. West Virginia. Jan. 1, Feb. 22, July 4, Dec. 25, any day of national thanksgiving, general election. Wisconsin. Jan. 1, Feb. 22, Arbor Day, May 30, July 4, first Monday in September, Thanksgiving, Dec. 25
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lafayette, Marie Jean Paul Roch Yves Gilbert Motier, Marquis de 1757- (search)
hort period of profound peace followed the great triumph of freedom. The desire of Lafayette once more to see the land of his adoption and the associates of his glory, the fellow-soldiers who had become to him as brothers, and the friend and patron of his youth, who had become to him as a father; sympathizing with their desire once more to see him—to see in their prosperity him who had come to them in their affliction—induced him, in the year 1784, to pay a visit to the United States. On Aug. 4, of that year, he landed at New York, and, in the space of five months from that time, visited his venerable friend at Mount Vernon, where he was then living in retirement, and traversed ten States of the Union, receiving everywhere, from their legislative assemblies, from the municipal bodies of the cities and towns through which he passed, from the officers of the army, his late associates, now restored to the virtues and occupations of private life, and even from the recent emigrants from
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, State of (search)
ard IngoldsbyMay 9, 1709to 1710 Gerardus BeekmanApril 10, 1710 Robert HunterJune 14, 1710 1719 Peter SchuylerJuly 21, 1719 to 1720 William Burnet Sept. 17, 1720to 1728 John MontgomeryApril 15, 1728 to 1731 Rip Van Dam 1731 to 1732 William CosbyAug. 1, 1732to 1736 George Clarke1736 1743 George ClintonSept. 2, 1743to 1753 Sir Sanvers OsborneOct. 10, 1753 James De LanceyOct. 12, 1853 to 1755 Sir Charles HardySept. 3, 1755to 1757 James De LanceyJune 3, 1757to 1760 Cadwallader ColdenAug. 4, 1760to 1761 Robert MoncktonOct. 26, 1761 Cadwallader ColdenNov. 18, 1761 to1765 Sir Henry MooreNov. 18, 1765 to 1769 Cadwallader ColdenSept. 12, 1769 to 1770 John Lord DunmoreOct. 19, 1770 to 1771 William TryonJuly 9, 1771 to 1777 State governors. Name.Party.When Elected.Opponents.Party. George Clinton 1777 1780 1783 1786 1789 Robert Yates. 1792 John Jay. John Jay 1795 Robert YatesDem.-Rep. 1798 Robert Livingston. George Clinton1801 Stephen Van Rensselaer. Morgan Lewi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Niagara, Fort (search)
nced to the Niagara River. He met the Americans near the great cataract of the Niagara, and there, on the evening of July 25, one of the most sanguinary battles of the war was fought, beginning at sunset and ending at midnight (Lundy's Lane, Battle of.). The Americans were left in quiet possession of the field. Brown and Scott were both wounded, and the command devolved on General Ripley, who withdrew to Fort Erie. Drummond again advanced with 5,000 men, and appeared before Fort Erie on Aug. 4 and prepared for a siege. There was almost incessant cannonading from the 7th to the 14th. On the 15th Drummond attempted to carry the place by assault, but was repulsed with heavy loss (see Erie, Fort). Nearly a month elapsed without much being done, when General Brown, who had resumed the chief command, ordered a sortie from the fort. It was successful (Sept. 17). The Americans pressed the besiegers back towards Chippewa. Informed that General Izard was approaching with reinforcements
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pensacola. (search)
Creeks, he had been alarmed by reports of succor and refuge given to some of them by the Spanish authorities at Pensacola, and of a communication opened with them by a British vessel which had landed arms and agents at Apalachicola. In consequence of his report of these doings, he received orders to take possession of Pensacola. But these orders were six months on the way. Meanwhile two British sloops-of-war, with two or three smaller vessels, had arrived at Pensacola, and were proclaimed (Aug. 4) as the van of a much larger naval force. Col. Edward Nichols had been permitted to land a small body of troops at Pensacola, and to draw around him, arm, and train hostile refugee Creeks. Jackson's headquarters were at Mobile. Late in August the mask of Spanish neutrality was removed, when nine British vessels of war lay at anchor in the harbor of Pensacola, and Colonel Nichols was made a welcome guest of the Spanish governor. A British flag, raised over one of the Spanish forts there
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
assachusetts in Trinity Church, Boston......Oct. 14, 1891 James Parton, author, born 1822, dies at Newburyport......Oct. 17, 1891 First world's convention of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union opens at Boston......Nov. 10, 1891 Governor's salary raised from $5,000 to $8,000......March 24, 1892 City of Quincy celebrates its centennial......July 4, 1892 Ex-Gov. Henry J. Gardner dies at Milton......July 22, 1892 Lizzie Borden arrested at Fall River charged with the murder (Aug. 4) of her father and stepmother......Aug. 11, 1892 Celebration of the 250th anniversary of the founding of Gloucester opens......Aug. 23, 1892 J. G. Whittier dies at Hampton Falls, N. H., Sept. 7; buried at Amesbury......Sept. 10, 1892 Celebration of the 250th anniversary of the founding of Woburn begins......Oct. 2, 1892 Gen. Benj. F. Butler, born 1818, dies at Washington, D. C., Jan. 11, buried at Lowell......Jan. 16, 1893 Phillips Brooks, Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Massac
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Michigan, (search)
ss setting forth the defenseless condition of Michigan, and praying for aid against the Indians......Dec. 27, 1811 Governor Hull issues a proclamation from Sandwich, on the Detroit River, inviting people to come in under the American flag, and promising protection; but extermination to those who joined the British and savages against the United States......July 12, 1812 Lieutenant Hanks, commandant at Fort Mackinac, surrenders to the British......July 17, 1812 Battles of Brownstone, Aug. 4, and Maguaga......Aug. 9, 1812 General Hull surrenders Detroit to British under General Brock......Aug. 16, 1812 [The forces for its defence were estimated at about 2,000 men. These, with 2,500 stands of arms, twenty-five iron and eight brass pieces of ordnance, forty barrels of gunpowder, and a large quantity of other military stores, were delivered up to the British without even an attempt to defend them.] Sudden attack upon the United States troops, under General Winchester, at t
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