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divisions, commanded by Generals McClernand and C. F. Smith, each of three brigades. McClernand's first brigade, commanded by Colonel Oglesby, was formed of the Eighth, Eighteenth, Twenty-ninth, Thirtieth, and Thirty-first Illinois Regiments, Swartz's and Dresser's batteries, and four cavalry-companies. The Second Brigade, Colonel W. H. L. Wallace, included the Eleventh, Twentieth, Forty-fifth, and Forty-eighth Illinois Regiments; the Fourth Illinois Cavalry; the First Illinois Artillery, aarch in exceedingly severe weather, and might have broken up the expedition. Oglesby's brigade was deployed and moved forward through the oak-woods until it found itself opposite Heiman's position, near the Confederate centre. His artillery, Swartz's and Dresser's batteries, opened; and Graves's and Maney's replied from the trenches. This artillery duel did little damage; but it was sufficient, with the fire of the sharp-shooters, to interrupt the work on the trenches. The advanced brigad
evinced by the men notwithstanding the revolting feelings that sometimes came over them before they became accustomed to receiving and cooking their own rations, and doing the police duty necessary in camp. As fast therefore as the troops were recruited at different points, they were hurried to Cairo. There they were mustered in regiments ready for organization into brigades. The 18th, 27th, 30th, and 31st-and later the 25th Infantry Volunteers, known as the Lead Mine Regiment from Galena-Swartz's and Taylor's Batteries, and some cavalry were to compose the First Brigade. Very few of the men or officers of these regiments knew anything whatever of the art of war, except a man here and there who had served in the Mexican War. For the most part they were young men just entering manhood, who had never been away from their homes for any length of time, many of them never having been out of the State. They knew nothing of the hardships that awaited them or the full meaning of enlist
The Atlanta (Georgia) Campaign: May 1 - September 8, 1864., Part I: General Report. (ed. Maj. George B. Davis, Mr. Leslie J. Perry, Mr. Joseph W. Kirkley), chapter 132 (search)
the 4th instant, heavy skirmishing in front, and the enemy daily shelling our line. August 7, the regiment was ordered out to support the Fourteenth Michigan Infantry at 4 p. m., and advancing with them, drove the enemy from his rifle-pits, capturing many prisoners; relieved the Fourteenth Michigan Infantry on the skirmish line; no casualties. August 8, heavy skirmishing on the line throughout the day; Private Chambers, Company H, killed: Privates Shannon, Company A, Rolly, Company E, and Swartz, Company G, wounded. August 9 and 10, remained in the same position, desultory skirmish firing kept up in front, also shelling to some extent. August 11, the regiment was relieved from picket duty this p. m.; Corporal Benmert, Company I, wounded. August 12, the regiment was moved to the right its fronting distance this a. m. and occupied the works vacated by the First East Tennessee Infantry; the enemy's batteries opened on us with solid shot this p. m.; no casualties. August 13 to 19, q
lowing boats: City of Memphis, Belle Memphis, Emerald with one barge, Fanny Bullitt, W. H. Brown, Alps with two barges, Keystone with two barges, Aleck Scott; and were from the Tenth Illinois regiment, Colonel Morgan; Twenty-seventh Illinois, Colonel Buford; Twenty-ninth Illinois, Colonel Reorden; Thirtieth Illinois, Colonel Fouke; Thirty-first Illinois, Colonel Logan; Forty-eighth Illinois, Colonel Kaynie; Eighteenth Illinois, Colonel Lawler; Fourth Illinois Cavalry, Colonel Dickey; and Captain Swartz's Artillery, four guns. They took five days cooked rations, about ninety wagons and four hundred mules, together with ambulances, tents, etc. They were landed on the Kentucky shore, eight miles below Cairo, near the mouth of Mayfield creek, and opposite Norfolk, Mo. Two gunboats — the Essex and St. Louis, accompanied them.--Cincinnati Enquirer. A party of Kansas Indians visited Leavenworth for the purpose of ascertaining in what manner and for how long a time they could enlist in
wenty-ninth Illinois, Col. Reardon. Thirtieth Illinois, Lieut.-Col. Dennis. Thirty-first Illinois, Col. John A. Logan. Swartz and Dresser's batteries. Stewart's, Dollin's, O'Harnett's, and Carmichael's cavalry. Second brigade--Col. W. H. L.ons. The Eighth, Thirtieth, and Thirty-first Illinois were drawn up on the road in line of battle, and in the front Capt. Swartz had got a couple of his guns in position, ready for any emergency. Gen. Grant here gave orders for a still further adror as ever to the gunners of the batteries above them. Cavender, Taylor, Woods, (of McAllister's battery,) Dresser, and Swartz would occasionally exchange a valentine, as they were playfully called, but there were no such bloody affairs as had charagainst them. Oglesby's, W. H. L. Wallace's, and McArthur's brigades were successively obliged to retire; a portion of Swartz's and McAllister's batteries had been lost and gained, and lost again, and it was not until the advancing enemy had reach
shouts of victory that rose along the lines of men conscious of superiority and right. The enemy, however, again rallied and formed in line of battle a few hundred yards in rear of their first position and in rear of four pieces of artillery (of Swartz's battery). The line of my brigade, in the charge over the hills and in passing through the enemy's camp, having become somewhat broken, I ordered the commandant to halt and rectify their alignment, which was quickly done; and being now informed by Captain Ryan that the Fifty-sixth Virginia regiment was on my left, I again ordered an advance, which was promptly obeyed by all; and soon the enemy was again driven from his position, and four pieces of Swartz's battery in our possession. The enemy continued to fall back, contesting the crest of every hill, until we had driven them over one and a half miles, and had possession of the ground occupied by the left of McClernand's and Wallace's division of the Federal army. The enemy had disap
mpson into Arkansas. By order of Major-General Fremont. C. McKEEVER, Assistant Adjutant-General. headquarters, District southeast Missouri, Cairo, November 3, 1861. Colonel R. J. Oglesby, commanding, etc.,< Bird's Point, Missouri: You will take command of an expedition, consisting of your regiment, four companies of the Eleventh Illinois, all of the Eighteenth and Twenty-ninth, three companies of cavalry from Bird's point (to be selected and notified by yourself), and a section of Swartz's battery, artillery, and proceed by steamboats to Commerce, Missouri. From Commerce you will strike for Sikeston, Mr. Cropper acting as guide. From there you will go in pursuit of a rebel force, understood to be three thousand strong, under Jeff Thompson, now at Indian ford, on the St. Francis river. An expedition has already left Ironton, Missouri, to attack this force. Should they learn that they have left that place, it will not be necessary for you to go there, but pursue the enem
y community. There is nothing new in it with me, as I have been familiar with it, at different periods, for upwards of fifty-six years--a period in which I have been engaged in the study and practice of medicine. In a communication like the present, I can only drop a few remarks respecting the treatment of this terrible disease, which has already proved so fatal in several instances, in this and other neighboring counties, as well as on the Ohio side of the river. A man of the name of Swartz lost both of his sons with it--one nearly of age, and the other sixteen--only a few days ago. Emetics are eminently useful in this disease, and the earlier they are resorted to, the more beneficial will be their effects; indeed, they may be recurred to occasionally throughout the whole course of the disease. The bowels should be kept in a soluble state by the milder laxatives. But all active purging should be avoided. When the fever is on, administer cooling, acidulated drinks —
How gunpowder is made. The first knowledge of gunpowder, among European nations, was in the 14th century, a German monk named Swartz being regarded as the inventor; but that gunpowder was known thousands of years ago by the Hindoos and Arabs, is certain. Ancient writers speak of a people living near the Ganges that attacked their enemies "with thunderbolts shot from their walls;" and "with storms of lightnings and thunderbolts hurried from above." These were as far back as Alexander the Great, 300 B. C. Hindoo annals as far back as the time of Moses speak of it. Gunpowder is composed of saltpetre, sulphur and charcoal; and its operation is founded on the rapid combination and consequent expansion of gasses, set free by combustion of its parts. The proportion of the ingredients used differs according to the use to which the powder is put. The United States Government formula 75 parts saltpetre, 12 5 sulphur, and 12 5 charcoal. We give some of the various receipts in a tabl
orces were breast to breast, and the battle was to be renewed. Cairo, Feb. 16.--The steamer Minnehsha arrived here from Fort Donelson, having left the fort at 5 o'clock last evening, bringing a military mail and dispatches, and one hundred and fifty wounded to the hospital at Paducah. The fight commenced, as befere stated, on Thursday, and on Friday and Saturday the contest was desperate. The Illinois 18th suffered severely, and the Iowa 17th sustained considerable loss. Capt. Swartz's battery, which was taken by the enemy, was recaptured by our men. Two Colonels were wounded and two killed. The loss is heavy on both sides. The upper fort was taken at 4 o'clock, and the Union flag is now floating over it. Our troops behaved with great gallantry. The gunboats St. Louis, Louisville, and Pittsburg were disabled. The Minnehsha met the mortar boats at Paducah going up. The position of Affairs on Friday. St. Louis, Feb. 16. --The Democrat has a special
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