r, and commissary supplies belonging to this department that the army was supplied.
This was especially the case in regard to that all-important element of an army's success-field transportation.
The troops under General Polk's command were chiefly the State troops transferred by Tennessee to the Confederate service — the equivalent of about ten regiments of all arms, with 3,000 muskets, and a brigade of Mississippians under Brigadier-General Charles Clark.
Polk had taken command on July 13th, and, two weeks after, sent General Pillow with 6,000 men to New Madrid, on the right bank of the Mississippi.
This point was important, because its occupation prevented any movement by the enemy on Pocahontas, by the way of Chalk Bluffs.
While it was expected to make the campaign in Tennessee defensive, the intention was to carry on active operations in Missouri by a combined movement of the armies of Price, McCulloch, Hardee, and Pillow, aided by Jeff Thompson's irregular command.