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J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War 1 1 Browse Search
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Letters to and from Quintus (ed. L. C. Purser) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 57 BC or search for 57 BC in all documents.

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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Catullus, VALE'RIUS, (search)
ogether omitted in many MSS., while several, with Apuleius (Apolog.), designate him as Caius, and a few of the best with Pliny (Plin. Nat. 37.6) as Quintus, was a native of Verona or its immediate vicinity, as we learn from the testimony of many ancient writers (e. g. Ov. Am. 3.15. 17 ; Plin. l.c.; Martial, 1.62, 10.103, 14.195; Auson. Drep. &c.). According to Hieronymus in the Eusebian Chronicle, he was born in the consulship of Cinna and Octavius, B. C. 87, and died in his thirtieth year, B. C. 57. The second date is undoubtedly erroneous, for we have positive evidence from his own works that he survived not only the second consulship of Pompey, B. C. 55, and the expedition of Caesar into Britain, but that he was alive in the consulship of Vatinius, B. C. 47. (Carm. lii. and cxiii.) We have no reason, however, to conclude that the allusion to Mammurra, contained in a letter written by Cicero (Cic. Att. 13.52) in B. C. 45, refers to the lampoon of Catullus; we can attach no weight to
took the greatest pains with his education, and did not grudge to initiate him into all the secrets of his art. Chares flourished at the beginning of the third century B. C. (Anon. ad Herenn. 4.6; printed among Cicero's rhetorical works.) He was one of the greatest artists of Rhodes, and indeed he may be considered as the chief founder of the Rhodian school of sculpture. Pliny (Plin. Nat. 34.7. s. 18) mentions among his works a colossal head, which P. Lentulus (the friend of Cicero, cos. B. C. 57) brought to Rome and placed in the Capitol, and which completely threw into the shade another admirable colossal head by Decius which stood beside it. (The apparently unnecessary emendation of Sillig and Thiersch, improbabilis for probabilis, even if adopted, would not alter the general meaning of the sentence, at least with reference to Chares.) But the chief work of Chares was the statue of the Sun, which, under the name of " The Colossus of Rhodes," was celebrated as one of the seven w
daily stronger, and the general feeling became more decided. The new consuls (B. C. 57) and the whole of the new college of tribunes, led on by Milo, took up the causuggest. (Ad Fam. 7.1, 5.8.) Such was the course of his life for five years (B. C. 57-52), a period during the whole of which he kept up warm social intercourse wit Pro Ascitio. Before B. C. 56. (Pro Cael. 10.) [RUFUS.] Pro M. Cispio. After B. C. 57. (Pro Planc. 31.) [Post Reditum in Senatu, 5th Sept., B. C. 57.] [Post RedB. C. 57.] [Post Reditum ad Quirites, 6th or 7th Sept., B. C. 57.] [Pro Domo sua ad Pontifices, 29th Sept., B. C. 57.] [De Haruspicum Responsis, B. C. 56.] Pro L. Calpurnio Pisone B. C. 57.] [Pro Domo sua ad Pontifices, 29th Sept., B. C. 57.] [De Haruspicum Responsis, B. C. 56.] Pro L. Calpurnio Pisone Bestia, 11th Feb., B. C. 56. (Ad Q. Fr. 2.13.6.) Pro P. Sextio. Early in March, B. C. 56. [Sextius.] In Vatinium Interrogatio. Same date. [VATINIUS.] Pro M. CaeB. C. 57.] [De Haruspicum Responsis, B. C. 56.] Pro L. Calpurnio Pisone Bestia, 11th Feb., B. C. 56. (Ad Q. Fr. 2.13.6.) Pro P. Sextio. Early in March, B. C. 56. [Sextius.] In Vatinium Interrogatio. Same date. [VATINIUS.] Pro M. Caelio Rufo. [RUFUS.] Pro L. Cornelio Balbo, B. C. 56. [BALBUS.] De Provinciis Consularibus, B. C. 56. [A. GABINIUS.] ** De Rege Alexandrino, B. C. 56. [A. GABINIU
Ci'spius 1. M. Cispius, tribune of the plebs, B. C. 57, the year in which Cicero was recalled from banishment, took an active part in Cicero's favour. The father and brother of Cispius also exerted themselves to obtain Cicero's recall, although he had had in former times a law-suit with the family. On one occasion the life of Cispius was in danger through his support of Cicero; he was attacked by the mob of Clodius, and driven out of the forum. In return for these services Cicero defended Cispius when he was accused of bribery (ambitus), but was unable to obtain a verdict in his favour. (Cic. pro. Planc. 31, post red. in Sen. 8, pro Sext. 35.)
Orell.) In 70 he served in Asia under his brother-in-law, Lucullus, and was sent to Tigranes to demand the surrender of Mithridates. (Plut. Luc. 19, 21.) In 61 he was in Greece, collecting statues and paintings to adorn the games which he contemplated giving as aedile. (Cic. pro Dom. 43; Schol. Bob. in orat. in Clod. et Cur. p. 338, Oreil.) Through the favour and influence of the consul L. Piso, however, he was made praetor without first filling the office of aedile. (Cic. l.c.) As praetor (B. C. 57) he presided in trials for extortion, and Cicero expresses anxiety on behalf of his brother Quintus, who had been propraetor in Asia. (Ad Att. 3.17.) Though Appius did not openly and in person oppose Cicero's recall (Cic. Fam. 3.10.8; comp. pro Dom. 33), he tacitly sanctioned and abetted the proceedings of his brother Publius. He placed at his disposal the gladiators whom he had hired, and alone of the praetors did nothing on behalf of Cicero; and, after the return of the latter, shewed mor
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), P. Clodius Pulcher (search)
g to the gods, the one the property of Gabinius, the other that of Clodius. An attempt was made by Clodius, through one of his slaves, upon the life of Pompey, who now with-drew to his own house, and kept there as long as his enemy was in office. Clodius stationed a body of men under his freedman Damis to watch him, and the praetor Flavius was repulsed in an attempt to drive them off. The attempts made before the end of this year to procure the recall of Cicero proved abortive. Next year (B. C. 57), Clodius, possessing no longer tribunitial power, was obliged to depend on his armed bands for preventing the people from passing a decree to recall Cicero. On the twenty-fifth of January, when a rotation to that effect was brought forward by the tribune Fabricius, Clodius appeared with an armed body of slaves and gladiators ; Fabricius had also brought armed men to support him, and a bloody fight ensued, in which the party of Fabricius was worsted. Soon afterwards, Clodius with his men fe
CO'RNICEN 2. (OPPIUS) CORNICINUS, a senator, the son-in-law of Sex. Atilius Serranus, tribune of the plebs, B. C. 57. (Cic. Att. 4.2.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Crassus, Clau'dius 28. P. Licinius Crassus, was praetor in B. C. 57, and favoured Cicero's return from exile. (Cic. post. Redit. in Sen. 9.) Orelli (Onom. Tull.) thinks that the name affords evidence of the spuriousness of the speech in which it is found.
ted the sacra of the Bona Dea, Curio spoke in favour of Clodius, probably out of enmity towards Caesar; and Cicero on that occasion attacked both Clodius and Curio most vehemently in a speech of which considerable fragments are still extant. This event, however, does not appear to have at all interrupted their personal friendship, for Cicero speaks well of him as a mall on all occasions; he says, that he was one of the good men of the time, and that he was always opposed to bad citizens. In B. C. 57 Curio was appointed pontifex maximus; he died four years later, B. C. 53. Works Like his father and his son, Curio acquired in his time some reputation as an orator, and we learn from Cicero, that he spoke on various occasions; but of all the requisites of an orator he had only one, viz. elocution, and he excelled most others in the purity and brilliancy of his diction; but his mind was altogether uncultivated ; he was ignorant without being aware of this defect; he was slow in thinking
Cu'rtia Gens an obscure patrician gens, of whom only one member, C. Curtius Philo, was ever invested with the consulship, B. C. 445. This consulship is one of the proofs that the Curtia gens must have been patrician, since the consulship at that time was not accessible to the plebeians; other proofs are implied in the stories about the earliest Curtii who occur in Roman history. The fact that, in B. C. 57, C. Curtius Peducaeanus was tribune of the people, does not prove the contrary, for members of the gens may have gone over to the plebeians. The cognomens which occur in this gens under the republic are PEDUCAEANUS, PHILO, and POSTUMUS or POSTUMIUS. For those who are mentioned in history without a cognomen, see CURTIUS. [L.S]
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