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Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., section 61 (search)
d to, see notes on sects. 28-30, above. privatum, i.e. not a magistrate. a senatorio gradu: no one could legally enter the Senate until after holding the quaestorship, the minimum age for which was thirty at least, and regularly thirty-six, while Pompey was at the time referred to (B.C. 82) only twenty-three. in ea provincia, i.e. Africa. fuit: translate, he showed, etc. (in order to render the abls. of quality, which come in a way foreign to our idiom). victorem, victorious (pred. adj.). exercitum deportavit: this was one of the essential conditions of a triumph. equitem, i.e. not a member of the Senate, having never held a magistracy. triumphare: the honor of a triumph was restricted to commanders who possessed the imperium by virtue of holding a regular magistracy. Until he was elected consul for the year B.C. 70, Pompey had never had the imperium except by special appointment from the Senate; both his triumphs, therefore, B.C. 80 and 71, were contrary to precedent.
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., section 62 (search)
into the regular form of a sententia, or formal expression of opinion in the Senate, using the simple present tense, with the qualifying mea sententia; § 467(276,b); B. 259,2; G.227,N.2; H. 530(467, iii, 6); H.-B. 484. ut . . . fieret: subst. clause of result after the analogy of the subj. with verbs of happening; § 571,c (332,f); G. 553,4; H. 571, I (501, i). ex senatus consulto: another irregularity, for the comitia were the law-making body and therefore of course had the sole power of exempting from the laws. legibus solutus, exempted from the operation of the laws, i.e. those limiting the age of magistrates (leges annales). magistratum: the legal age of a consul was not below forty-three, and that of a praetor not below forty. Pompey, however, was elected consul (B.C. 70) at the age of thirty-six, which was the regular age for the quaestorship. iterum: Pompey celebrated his second triumph Dec.31, B.C. 71, and the next day entered upon the consulship. in, in the case of
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero, Allen and Greenough's Edition., section 11 (search)
ded in this case. requiris: cf. desideras in the same sense in sect. 8 (p. 158, l. 6). est obscurum (ironical), it is not generally known. proximis, abl. of time: translate by under. The censors referred to were L. Gellius and Cn. Lentulus (B.C. 70). clarissimo: observe the art with which Cicero here again calls attention to the connection of Archias with the distinguished Romans any one of whom could at any moment have procured him the citizenship if he had not already possessed it. apioribus, sc. censoribus. New censors were regularly appointed every five years; those here referred to were Q. Marcius Philippus and M. Perperna (B.C. 86). In the present instance the succession had been interfered with by Sulla, but restored in B.C. 70. in Asia: this was in the First Mithridatic War, in which Lucullus served as quaestor to Sulla. primis, i.e. the first after the passage of the lex Plautia-Papiria: these were L. Julius Caesar and P. Crassus (B.C. 89). esse versatum (sc. eu
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter V: ad Atticum 1.16 (search)
t soror Julia apud eosdem iudices omnia ex fide rettulissent. On the attitude of Pompey, cf. Att. l. 14. I, 2. The conduct of criminal trials in a Roman court was entrusted to the praetor, his consilium, and the iudices. The praetor passed upon questions of law, in the decision of which he was assisted by the consilium, a body of jurists called in to give legal advice, while questions of fact were relegated to the iudices. A list of several hundred iudices, chosen under the lex Aurelia of 70 B.C. from the ranks of the senators, knights, and tribuni aerarii (fiscal officials of the tribes; cf. Momm. St. R. III.189-196), was published at the beginning of each year. From this list the iudices for a particular trial were selected by lot. A verdict rendered by a majority of them was valid. quaeris: Atticus in his letter had asked Cicero two questions: (1) why the trial of Clodius resulted so unexpectedly in an acquittal; (2) why Cicero proved so poor a fighter. Cicero replies to th
Ahenobarbus 7. L. DOMITIUS CN. F. CN. N. AHENOBARBUS, son of No. 4, is first mentioned in B. C. 70 by Cicero, as a witness against Verres. In 61 he was curule aedile, when he exhibited a hundred Numidian lions, and continued the games so long, that the people were obliged to leave the circus before the exhibition was over, in order to take food, which was the first time they had done so. (D. C. 37.46; Plin. Nat. 8.54; this pause in the games was called diludium, Hor. Ep. 1.19. 47.) He married Porcia, the sister of M. Cato, and in his aedileship supported the latter in his proposals against bribery at elections, which were directed against Pompey, who was purchasing votes for Afranius. The political opinions of Ahenobarbus coincided with those of Cato; he was throughout his life one of the strongest supporters of the aristocratical party. He took an active part in opposing the measures of Caesar and Pompey after their coalition, and in 59 was accused by Vettius, at the instigation of C
Amphi'crates (*)Amfikra/ths), a Greek sophist and rhetorician of Athens. He was a contemporary of Tigranes (B. C. 70), and being exiled (we know not for what reason) from Athens, he went to Seleuceia on the Tigris. The inhabitants of this place requested him to teach rhetoric in their city, but he haughtily refused, saying, that the vessel was too small to contain a dolphin. He then went to Cleopatra, the daughter of Mithridates, who was married to Tigranes, and who seems to have become attached to him. Amphicrates soon drew suspicions upon himself, and was forbidden to have any intercourse with the Greeks, whereupon he starved himself to death. (Plut. Luc. 22.) Longinus (de Sublim. p. 54, ed. Toup) mentions him along with Hegesias and Matris, and censures him for his affectation of sublimity. Whether he is the same person as the Amphicrates who wrote a work on celebrated men (peri\ e)ndo/cwn andrw=n, Athen. 13.576; D. L. 2.101), is uncertain. [L.
Aristobu'lus 2. The younger son of Alexander Jannaeus and Alexandra. (J. AJ 13.16.1; Bell. Jud. 1. 5.1.) During the nine years of his mother's reign he set himself against the party of the Pharisees, whose influence she had restored; and after her death, B. C. 70, he made war against his eldest brother Hyrcanus, and obtained from him the resignation of the crown and the high-priesthood, chiefly through the aid of his father's friends, whom Alexandra had placed in the several fortresses of the country to save them from the vengeance of the Pharisees. (J. AJ 13.16, 14.1.2; Bell. Jud. 1.5, 6.1.) In B. C. 65 Judaea was invaded by Aretas, king of Arabia Petraea, with whom, at the instigation of Antipater the Idumaean, Hyrcanus had taken refuge. By him Aristobulus was defeated in a battle and besieged in Jerusalem but Aretas was obliged to raise the siege by Scaurus and Gabinius, Pompey's lieutenants, whose intervention Aristobulus had purchased. (J. AJ 14.2, 3.2; Bell. Jud. 1.6. §§ 2, 3.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or SANATROCES (search)
Arsaces Xi. or SANATROCES SANATROCES, as he is called on coins. Phlegon calls him Sinatruces; Appian, Sintricus; and Lucian, Sinatrocles. He had lived as an exile among the Scythian people called Sacauraces, and was placed by them upon the throne of Parthia, when he was already eighty years of age. He reigned seven years, and died while Lucullus was engaged in the war against Tigranes, about B. C. 70. (Lucian, Macrob. 15 ; Phlegon, apud Phot. Cod. 97, p. 84, ed. Bekker ; Appian, App. Mith. 104.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Bassus, Lucilius was promoted by Vitellius from the command of a squadron of cavalry to be admiral of the fleet at Ravenna and Misenum, B. C. 70; but disappointed at not obtaining the command of the praetorian troops, he betrayed the fleet to Vespasian. After the death of Vitellius, Bassus was sent to put down some disturbances in Campania. (Tac. Hist. 2.100, 3.12, 36, 40, 4.3.) His name occurs in an inscription. (Gruter, p. 573.)
was not large, he soon had recourse to the usurers, who looked for repayment to the offices which he was sure to obtain from the people. It was about this time that the people elected him to the office of military tribune instead of his competitor, C. Popilius; but he probably served for only a short time, as he is not mentioned during the next three years (B. C. 78-71) as serving in any of the wars which were carried on at that time against Mithridates, Spartacus, and Sertorius. The year B. C. 70 was a memorable one, as some of Sulla's most important alterations in the constitution were then repealed. This was chiefly owing to Pompey, who was then consul with M. Crassus. Pompey had been one of Sulla's steady supporters, and was now at the height of his glory; but his great power had raised him many enemies among the aristocracy, and he was thus led to join to some extent the popular party. It was Pompey's doing that the tribunicial power was restored in this year; and it was also th
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