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Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter I: ad Atticum 1.1 (search)
am iurasset. Iurare morbum means to take an oath that one is ill as an excuse for the non-performance of some duty. regnum iudiciale: Aquilius was a well-known jurist (pro Caec. 77), too much occupied with legal business to engage in politics. Cf. regno forensi, Ep. LXII.1. iudicatum erit: in the approaching trial of Catiline for misappropriation of public funds. The accuser was Cicero's subsequent enemy Clodius. Aufidio: a former praetor in Asia (cf. pro Flacco, 45). Palicano: a tribune in 71 B.C. Cicero's actual opponents at the polls were Galba and Catiline, patricians; C. Antonius, Q. Cornificius, L. Cassius Longinus, and C. Licinius Sacerdos, plebeians (cf. Ascon. argum. to Or. in toga cand.). qui nunc petunt, who are candidates this year. Caesar: L. Julius Caesar, uncle of Antony the triumvir, and, by the second marriage of his sister Julia, brother-in-law of Lentulus, the Catilinarian conspirator. He tried unsuccessfully to mediate in 43 B.C. between the senate and Antony
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Cn. Acerro'nius Proculus consul A. D. 37, the year in which Tiberius died (Tac. Ann. 6.45; Suet. Tib. 73), was perhaps a descendant of the Cn. Acerronius, whom Cicero mentions in his oration for Tullius, B. C. 71, as a vir optimus. (16, &c.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Asiaticus (search)
Anti'ochus Xiii. or Anti'ochus Asiaticus king of SYRIA, surnamed ASIATICUS (*)Asiatiko/s), and on coins Dionysus Philopator Callinicus (*Dio/nusos *Filopa/twr *Kalli/nikos), was the son of Antiochus X. and Selene, an Egyptian princess. He repaired to Rome during the time that Tigranes had possession of Syria, and passed through Syria on his return during the government of Verres. (B. C. 73-71.) On the defeat of Tigranes in B. C. 69, Lucullus allowed Antiochus Asiaticus to take possession of the kingdom; but he was deprived of it in B. C. 65 by Pompey, who reduced Sicily to a Roman province. In this year the Seleucidae ceased to reign. (Appian, App. Syr. 49, 70; Cic. in Verr. 4.27, 28, 30; Justin, 40.2.) Some writers suppose, that Antiochus Asiaticus afterwards reigned as king of Commagene, but there are not sufficient reasons to support this opinion. [ANTIOCHUS I., king of Commagene.] For the history and chronology of the Syrian kings in general, see Fröhlich, Annales Syria, &c.
Apro'nius 2. Q. Apronius, the chief of the decumani in Sicily during the government of Verres (B. C. 73-71), was one of the most distinguished for rapacity and wickedness of every kind. (Cic. Ver. 2.44, 3.9, 12, 21, 23.)
A'rrius 1. Q. Arrius, praetor, B. C. 72, defeated Crixus, the leader of the runaway slaves, and killed 20,000 of his men, but was afterwards conquered by Spartacus. (Liv. Epit. 96.) In B. C. 71, Arrius was to have succeeded Verres as propraetor in Sicily (Cic. Ver. 2.15, 4.20; Pseudo-Ascon. in Cic. Div. p. 101, ed. Orelli), but died on his way to Sicily. (Schol. Gronov. in Cic. Die. p. 383, ed. Orelli.) Cicero (Cic. Brut. 69) says, that Arrius was of low birth, and without learning or talent, but rose to honour by his assiduity.
Aufi'dia Gens plebeian, was not known till the later times of the republic. The first member of it, who obtained the consulship, was Cn. Aufidius Orestes, in B. C. 71. Its cognomens are LURCO and ORESTES: for those who occur without a family-name, see AUFIDIUS.
Ba'cchides (*Bakxi/dhs), an eunuch of Mithridates. After the defeat of the latter by Lucullus, Mithridates in despair sent Bacchides to put his wives and sisters to death, B. C. 71. (Plut. Luc. 18, &c.) Appian (App. Mith. 82) calls the eunuch Bacchus. The Bacchides, who was the governor of Sinope, at the time when this town was besieged by Lucullus, is probably the same as the above. (Strab. xii. p.546
Cae'lius 5. M. Caelius, a Roman knight, from whom Verres took away, at Lilybaeum, several silver vases. (Cic. Ver. 4.47.) As Cicero says that this Caelius was still young at this time, B. C. 71, he may be the same M. Caelius who is mentioned in the oration for Flaccus, B. C. 59. (Cic. pro Flacc. 4.)
is popularity. His affable manners, and still more his unbounded liberality, won the hearts of the people. As his private fortune was not large, he soon had recourse to the usurers, who looked for repayment to the offices which he was sure to obtain from the people. It was about this time that the people elected him to the office of military tribune instead of his competitor, C. Popilius; but he probably served for only a short time, as he is not mentioned during the next three years (B. C. 78-71) as serving in any of the wars which were carried on at that time against Mithridates, Spartacus, and Sertorius. The year B. C. 70 was a memorable one, as some of Sulla's most important alterations in the constitution were then repealed. This was chiefly owing to Pompey, who was then consul with M. Crassus. Pompey had been one of Sulla's steady supporters, and was now at the height of his glory; but his great power had raised him many enemies among the aristocracy, and he was thus led to joi
Calli'machus 2. One of the generals of Mithridates, who, by his skill in engineering, defended the town of Amisus, in Pontus, for a considerable time against the Romans, in B. C. 71; and when Lucullus had succeeded in taking a portion of the wall, Callimachus set fire to the place and made his escape by sea. He afterwards fell into the hands of Lucullus at the capture of Nisibis (called by the Greeks Antioch) in Mygdonia, B. C. 68, and was put to death in revenge for the burning of Amisus. (Plut. Luc. 19, 32; comp. Appian, Bell. Mithr. 78, 83; D. C. 35.7.) [E.E]
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