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Appian, The Foreign Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 1 1 Browse Search
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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, IUPPITER OPTIMUS MAXIMUS CAPITOLINUS, AEDES (search)
n 459 (Liv. ii. 22. 6). The number of these became so great that in 179 B.C. it was necessary to remove some of the statues and many of the shields affixed to the columns (Liv. xl. 51. 3). This first temple was burned to the ground on 6th July, 83 B.C. (Cic. Cat. iii. 9; Sail. Cat. 47. 2; Tac. Hist. iii. 72; App. BC i. 83, 86; Obseq. 57; Plut. Sulla 27; Cassiod. ad a. 671), with the statue of Jupiter (Plut. de Iside 71 ; cf. Ov. Fast. i. 201), and the Sibylline books that had been kept in a storinthian columns of the Olympieion in Athens to Rome for this temple (Plin. NH xxxvi. 45). They do not seem to have been used, for coins of 43 B.C. Add a coin of the gens Volteia (Babelon, ii. 565 ; BM. Rep. i. 388. I, where it is dated after 83 B.C.). The temple was areostyle, and its pediment was dedicated 'tuscanico more,' probably with statues of gilt bronze (Vitr. iii. 3. 35, quoted on p. 255). See BC 1925, 169-176. It is also represented, with its lofty podium, on one of the Boscoreale
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
uilt, 421. 101Temple of Fortuna huiusce diei vowed, 216. 100(ca.). Horrea Galbae, 261. (ca.). Arch at mouth of Cloaca Maxima, 127. (ca.). Upper room of Carcer, ioo. Marius: Trophies of victory in Area Capitolina, 49, 541; builds Temple of Honos and Virtus Mariana, 259. 93Part of the Capitoline hill sold, 97. 91Temple of Pietas struck by lightning, 389. 90Juno Sospita restored, 291. (ca.). Two temples in Forum Holitorium, 277, 278. 87(ca.). Gateway in Palazzo Antonelli (?), 355. 83Capitoline Temple burnt, 299. 82-79Rule of Sulla: he extends the Pomerium, 393; work in Forum, 233: pavement of Clivus Capitolinus, 122: of Clivus Palatinus, 124: of Clivus Victoriae, 126: of Lacus Curtius, 31: of House of Vestals, 59: Rostra, 451, and equestrian statue near them, 500; restores Temple of Hercules Custos, 252: Temple of Hercules Sullanus, 256. 80Curia restored, 143. 78Tabularium, 506. Basilica Aemilia decorat
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Anti'ochus Eusebes (search)
iphanes, the latter of whom assumed the title of king, and is known as the eleventh king of Syria of this name. In a battle fought near the Orontes, Antiochus X. defeated Philip and Antiochus XI., and the latter was drowned in the river. The crown was now assumed by Philip, who continued to prosecute the war assisted by his brother, Demetrius Eucaerus. The Syrians, worn out with these civil broils, offered the kingdom to Tigranes, king of Armenia, who accordingly took possession of Syria in B. C. 83, and ruled over it till he was defeated by Lucullus in B. C. 69. The time of the death of Antiochus X. is uncertain. He appears, however, to have fallen in battle against the Parthians, before Tigranes obtained possession of Syria. (J. AJ 13.13.4.) According to some accounts he survived the reign of Tigranes, and returned to his kingdom after the conquest of the latter by Lucullus (Euseb. p. 192 ; Justin, 40.2); but these accounts ascribe to Antiochus X. what belongs to his son Antiochus XI
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Anto'nius or Anto'nius Hybrida (search)
Anto'nius or Anto'nius Hybrida 10. C. ANTONIUS M. F. C. N., surnamed HYBRIDA (Plin. Nat. 8.53. s. 79, according to Drumann, Gesch. Roms, i. p. 531, because he was a homo semiferus, the friend of Catiline and the plunderer of Macedonia), was the second son of Antonius, the orator [No. 8], and the uncle of the triumvir [No. 12]. He accompanied Sulla in his war against Mithridates, and on Sulla's return to Rome, B. C. 83, was left behind in Greece with part of the cavalry and plundered the country. He was subsequently accused for his oppression of Greece by Julius Caesar (76). Six years afterwards (70), he was expelled the senate by the censors for plundering the allies and wasting his property, but was soon after readmitted. He celebrated his aedileship with extraordinary splendour. In his praetorship (65) and consulship (63) he had Cicero as his colleague. According to most accounts Antony was one of Catiline's conspirators, and his well-known extravagance and rapacity seem to render t
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), Anto'nius or M. Antonius (search)
Anto'nius or M. Antonius 12. M. ANTONIUS M. F. M. N., the son of M. Antonius Creticus [No. 9] and Julia, the sister of L. Julius Caesar, consul in B. C. 64, was born, in all probability, in B. C. 83. His father died while he was still young, and he was brought up in the house of Cornelius Lentulus, who married his mother Julia, and who was subsequently put to death by Cicero in 63 as one of Catiline's conspirators. Antony indulged in his very youth in every kind of dissipation, and became distinguished by his lavish expenditure and extravagance; and, as he does not appear to have received a large fortune from his father, his affairs soon became deeply involved. He was, however, released from his difficulties by his friend Curio, who was his companion in all his dissipation, and between whom and Antony there existed, if report be true, a most dishonourable connexion. The desire of revenging the execution of his step-father, Lentulus, led Antony to join Clodius in his opposition to Cice
Brutus 20. M. Junius Brutus, the father of the socalled tyrannicide [No. 21] is described by Cicero as well skilled in public and private law; but he will not allow him to be numbered in the rank of orators. (Cic. Brut. 36.) He was tribune B. C. 83 (Cic. pro Quint. 20); and the M. Brutus who is spoken of with some asperity by Cicero for having made an impious attempt to colonize Capua (de, Leg. Agr. 2.33, 34, 36), in opposition to omens and auspices, and who is said, like all who shared in that enterprise, to have perished miserably, is supposed by Ernesti (Clav. Cic.) after Mazochius (Amphitheat. Camp. p. 9; Poleni, Thes. Supp. 5.217) to have been the pater interfectoris. He no doubt made this attempt in his tribunate. M. Brutus married Servilia, who was the daughter of Q. Servilius and of Livia, the sister of Drusus, and thus was half-sister of Cato of Utica by the mother's side. Another Servilia, her sister, was the wife of Lucullus. The Q. Servilius Caepio, who afterwards adopte
Buca 1. L. Aemilius Buca, the father (Ascon. in Scaur. p. 29, ed. Orelli), is supposed to have been quaestor under Sulla, and to have struck the annexed coin to commemorate the dream which Sulla had on his approach to Rome from Nola, in B. C. 83. (Plut. Sull. 9.) On the obverse is the head of Venus, with L. BVCA; on the reverse a man sleeping, to whom Diana appears with Victory. (Eckhel, v. p. 121.)
ius died in the following year; and, notwithstanding the murder of his own relations by the Marian party, and the formidable forces with which Sulla was preparing to invade Italy, Caesar attached himself to the popular side, and even married, in B. C. 83, Cornelia, the daughter of L. Cinna, one of the chief opponents of Sulla. He was then only seventeen years old, but had been already married to Cossutia, a wealthy heiress belonging to the equestrian order, to whom he had probably been betrothedext year, B. C. 62, Caesar was praetor. On the very day that he entered upon his office, he brought a proposition before the people for depriving Q. Catulus of the honour of completing the restoration of the Capitol, which had been burnt down in B. C. 83, and for assigning this office to Pompey. This proposal was probably made more for the sake of gratifying Pompey's vanity, and humbling the aristocracy, than from any desire of taking vengeance upon his private enemy. As however it was most viol
B. C. 94, he was made consul, together with L. Domitius Ahenobarbus, in preference to a competitor of very high rank, though he himself was a novus homo : and after his consulship he obtained Spain as his province, as is usually inferred from coins of the gens Caelia which bear his name, the word His (pania) and the figure of a boar, which Eckhel refers to the town of Clunia. (One of these coins is figured in the Dict. of Ant. s. v. Epulones.) During the civil war between Marius and Sulla, B. C. 83, Caldus was a steady supporter of the Marian party, and in conjunction with Carrinas and Brutus, he endeavoured to prevent Pompey from leading his legions to Sulla. But as the three did not act in unison, Pompey made an attack upon the army of Brutus and routed it, whereby the plan of Caldus was completely thwarted. (Cic. de Orat. 1.25, Brut. 45, in Verr. 5.70, de Petit. Cons. 3, pro Muren. 8 ; J. Obsequens, 111; Ascon. Argum. in Cornel. p. 57, ed. Orelli; Plut. Pomp. 7; Cic. Att. 10.12, 14
ainst their fellow-citizens. A mutiny broke out, and Cinna was murdered by his own soldiers. Carbo now returned to Italy with the troops which had already been carried across the Adriatic, but he did not venture to go to Rome, although the tribunes urged him to come in order that a successor to Cinna might be elected. At length, however, Carbo returned to Rome, but the attempts at holding the comitia were frustrated by prodigies, and Carbo remained sole consul for the rest of the year. In B. C. 83, Sulla arrived in Italy. Carbo, who was now proconsul of Gaul, hastened to Rome, and there caused a decree to be made, which declared Metellus and all the senators who supported Sulla, to be enemies of the republic. About the same time the capitol was burnt down, and there was some suspicion of Carbo having set it on fire. While Sulla and his partizans were carrying on the war in various parts of Italy, Carbo was elected consul a third time for the year B. C. 82, together with C. Marius, th
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