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fusing to see people who sought his presence on matters of urgent business — his violation of Presidential orders in the matter of his 30th of August proclamation — his encouragement of officers to hold meetings, and write letters for publication in praise of himself and in denunciation of all who differ from him — his persistency in keeping disreputable persons in his employ, and his unjust suppression of the St. Louis Evening News. Colonel De Villiers, the military instructor of Colonel Ellsworth, who was taken prisoner in Western Virginia, and made his escape from Richmond in disguise, was made a Brigadier-General.--Baltimore American, Oct. 11. A treaty of amity, commerce, and navigation, and for the surrender of fugitive criminals, between the United States and the Republic of Venezuela, is officially proclaimed. Its liberal commercial, civil and religious features are calculated to consummate its objects, namely:--a firm, inviolable, and universal peace, and a true and<
osing two killed and several wounded. Detachments sent in pursuit of the rebels, captured about twelve prisoners.--Cincinnati Times, Dec. 3. The Richmond (Va.) Examiner, of this day, has the following: With pride and pleasure we record the gratitude of the Southern people, in announcing that no less than thirty thousand dollars, made up by the free — will offerings of men, women, and children, now stand to the credit of the widow and children of the martyr Jackson, [the assassin of Col. Ellsworth,] the brave Alexandrian, who fell in defence of the flag of his country. Should the marauders penetrate to our hearthstones, we trust that they will find that the example of Jackson is not lost upon the fathers, husbands, sons, and brothers of our city. In pursuance of the Government's intention to establish a permanent depot for naval and military purposes at Port Royal, S. C., orders were this day given for the preparation of lumber for the construction of buildings for a depot a
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 16: the Army of the Potomac before Richmond. (search)
he Nelson House, had been enlarged and converted into a magazine. The town appeared desolate indeed, the only house in it that seems not to have felt the ravages of war being that of Mrs. Anderson, of Williamsburg, in which McClellan and all of the Union commanders at Yorktown had their quarters. It was still used for the same purpose, there being a small military force there. We observed that the names of the few streets in Yorktown had been changed, and bore those of McClellan, Keyes, Ellsworth, and others. The old Swan Tavern, at which the writer was lodged in 1848, and the adjoining buildings, had been blown into fragments by the explosion of gunpowder during the war. McClellan's Headquarters in Yorktown. On the morning of the 4th, June 1866 we left Yorktown for Grover's Landing, passing on the way the house of Mr. Eagle, a mile from the town, where General Johnston had his quarters and telegraph station just before the evacuation. We were again on the bosom of the Jam
of the Revolution, and dishonorable to the American character, to have such a feature in the Constitution. Mr. Rutledge [of. South Carolina] did not see how the importation of slaves could be encouraged by this section. He was not apprehensive of insurrections, and would readily exempt the other States from the obligation to protect the Southern against them. Religion and humanity had nothing to do with this question. Interest alone is the governing principle with nations, etc. Mr. Ellsworth [of Connecticut] was for leaving the clause as it stands, etc. Mr. Pinckney.--South Carolina can never receive the plan if it prohibits the Slave-Trade. In every proposed extension of the powers of Congress, that State expressly and watchfully excepted that of meddling with the importation of negroes. If the States should be all left at liberty on this subject, South Carolina may, perhaps, by degrees, do of herself what is wished, as Virginia and Maryland have already done. Adjou
orward to seize the crossing of the Orange and Manassas Gap Railway, some miles westward. The New-York Fire Zouaves, Col. Ellsworth, moved by steamers directly on Alexandria; but the Rebels in that city had either been warned by treachery, or were ae captured by the New York 69th, in their flight on the railroad aforesaid. No resistance was met at any point. But Col. Ellsworth, seeing a Secession flag flying from the Marshall House at Alexandria, stepped in, with four followers, and took it down. Passing down the stairs, he was met by one Jackson, the hotel-keeper, who, raising a double-barreled gun, shot Ellsworth dead on the spot. He was himself instantly shot in turn by Francis E. Brownell, one of Col. Ellsworth's followers; and thCol. Ellsworth's followers; and the two who, at one moment, confronted each other as strangers but as mortal foes, the next lay side by side in death. Jackson's deed, which, at the North was shudderingly regarded as assassination, at the South, was exulted over as an exhibition of p
, Owen, son of John Brown, 288; escapes from Harper's Ferry, 299. Brown, Watson, killed at Harper's Ferry, 291. Brownell, Francis E., kills the murderer of Ellsworth, 533. Browning, O. H., of Ill., in Senate, 565-7. Brownlow, Parson, citation from, 484. Brunswicker, The, (Mo.,) citation from, 238. Bryan, Guy M., o8; his seizure of Federal property, 411-12; answers President's call for troops, 459 ; exerts his influence for Secession; seizes Federal property, etc., 435. Ellsworth, Col., at Alexandria, and deal, 533. Elmore, John A., Commissioner from Alabama to the South Carolina Convention; his speech, 344-5. Elseffer, Mr., speech fore Patterson's advance, 535. Jackson, Mr., of Mass., petitions for Abolition in the Federal District. 143. Jackson, the hotel-keeper at Alexandria, kills Ellsworth, and is himself slain, 533. Jackson; see Fort Jackson and camp Jackson. Jacobins, the, their demands of the U. S., 266. Jamison, Gen. D. F., of S. C., c
the enemy's flags, Captain Burhans falling dead with two stands of colors in his hands. The Third Brigade--General Bidwell commanding — bore almost the entire brunt of the battle at Fort Stevens, Washington, where the Forty-third fought under the approving eye of the President, and helped to save the Capital from Early's invading army. Lieut.-Col. Visscher was killed in this action, and every regimental commandant in the brigade was killed or wounded. Forty-Fourth New York Infantry--Ellsworth's Avengers. Bartlett's Brigade — Griffin's Division--Fifth Corps. (1) Col. Stephen W. Stryker (2) Col. James C. Rice; Brig.-Gen., (Killed). (3) Col. Freeman Conner. companies. killed and died of wounds. died of disease, accidents, in Prison, &c. Total Enrollment. Officers. Men. Total. Officers. Men. Total. Field and Staff         1 1 15 Company A   28 28   14 14 158   B 1 14 15   17 17 144   C   18 18   15 15 137   D 1 13 14   16 16 162  
ederalists advanced once more. Again the line of the enemy appeared in front, and delivered fire. The Zouaves, as they are called, and the 11th New York, which were on the flank, fell into confusion not to be rallied, and eventually retired from the field in disorder, to use the mildest term, with a contagious effect on their comrades, and with the loss of the guns which they were supporting. Nothing would, or could, or did stop them. In vain they were reminded of their oaths to avenge Ellsworth's death. Their flag was displayed to the winds — it had lost its attractions. They ran in all directions with a speed which their fortune favored. I tell the tale as it was told to me by one who had more to do with them, and had better opportunity of witnessing their conduct than I had; for, as I have already stated in a previous letter, I was late on the ground, and had not been able to see much ere the retreat was ordered. Though I was well mounted, and had left Washington with the i
resident, to the brave Beauregard, the gallant Johnston, and our chivalric soldiery. We have driven the enemy back from our soil, we have mowed down his men by the hundreds and by the thousands, we have captured his batteries, and sent him howling and panic-stricken from the field of the fight. The blow, in its moral and its physical effects, will prove of incalculable advantage to the Southern cause. The first regiment of the enemy that crossed over from Washington — the Zouaves of Ellsworth — have fled from the field with only two hundred left of the entire regiment. Retributive justice has overtaken the first of the enemy who put their feet upon the sacred soil of Virginia, and from six to eight hundred of them have been cut down dead upon the land which they insolently dared to invade. Many a brave Southerner has had to fall, too — but our loss, we are confident, is small in comparison to that of the enemy. Our brave boys fought with heroic courage, but they fell in th<
ally and absolutely renounced. The poor quibble of double allegiance must be disavowed. An American--and not a New Yorker, nor a Virginian — is the noble title by which we are to live, and which you, my young friends, must, in your respective spheres, contribute to make live, however it may cost in blood and money. Go forth, then. my young friends — go forth as citizens of the Great Continental American Republic — to which your first, your constant, your latest hopes in life should attach — and abating no jot of obedience to Municipal or State authority within the respective limits of each — bear yourselves always, and everywhere, as Americans — as fellow-countrymen of Adams, and Ellsworth, and Jay, and Jefferson, and Carroll, and Washington, and Pinckney — as heirs of the glories of Bunker Hill, and Saratoga, and Monmouth, and Yorktown, and Eutaw Springs, and New Orleans, and suffer no traitor hordes to despoil you, of such rich inheritance or so grand and gloriou
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