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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 6.49 (search)
I addressed myself to the task of defending this line with the slender means at my disposal. Fortifications were erected on the lower Red River; Shreveport and Camden were fortified, and works were ordered on the Sabine and the crossings of the upper Red River. Depots were established on the shortest lines of communication betac, to follow up Banks's retreat, and taking the Texas, Arkansas, and Missouri divisions of infantry, I moved against Steele's column in Arkansas. Steele entered Camden, where he was too strong for assault, but the capture of his train at the battle of Marks's Mill on the 25th of April forced him to evacuate Camden on the 28th, aCamden on the 28th, and the battle of Jenkins's Ferry on the Saline, April 30th, completed his discomfiture. [See p. 375.] He retreated to Little Rock. Churchill, Parsons, and Walker were Brigadier-General C. J. Polignac, C. S. A. From a photograph. at once marched across country to the support of Taylor, but before the junction could be effected
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Sherman's march from Savannah to Bentonville. (search)
a, each corps taking a separate road. The left wing (Slocum) arrived at a point about three miles from Columbia on the 16th, and there received orders to cross the Saluda River, at Mount Zion's Church. The Fourteenth Corps moved to the crossing, built a bridge during the night, crossed the river next day, and was followed by the Twentieth Corps and Kilpatrick's cavalry. The right wing (Howard) moved direct to Columbia, the Fifteenth Corps moving through the city and camping outside on the Camden road. The Seventeenth Corps did not enter Columbia. During the night of February 17th the greater portion of the city of Columbia was burned. The lurid flames could easily be seen from my camp, many miles distant. Nearly all the public buildings, several churches, an orphan asylum, and many of the residences were destroyed. The city was filled with helpless women and children and invalids, many of whom were rendered houseless and homeless in a single night. No sadder scene was presente
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 13: the siege and evacuation of Fort Sumter. (search)
On the following day — the holy Sabbath — the fall of Fort Sumter was commemorated in the churches of Charleston. The venerable Bishop of the Diocese, wholly blind and physically feeble, said a local chronicler, The Battle of Fort Sumter and First Victory of the Southern Troops: a pamphlet published in Charleston soon after the evacuation of Fort Sumter. The Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church alluded to was Thomas Frederick Davis, D. D., then and now (1865) residing at Camden, South Carolina. was led by the Rector to the sacred desk, in old St. Philip's Church, when he addressed the people with a few stirring words. Speaking of the battle, he said :--Your boys were there, and mine were there, and it was right that they should be there. He declared it to be his belief that the contest had been begun by the South Carolinians in the deepest conviction of duty to God, and after laying their, cause before God--and God had most signally blessed their dependence on Him. Bish
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 24: the called session of Congress.--foreign relations.--benevolent organizations.--the opposing armies. (search)
e field than was exhibited by these American women everywhere. Working in grand harmony with those more extended organizations for the relief of the soldiers, were houses of refreshment and temporary hospital accommodations furnished by the citizens of Philadelphia. ú That city lay in the channel of the great stream of volunteers from New England, New York, and New Jersey, that commenced flowing abundantly early in May. 1861. These soldiers, crossing New Jersey, and the Delaware River at Camden, were landed at the foot of Washington Avenue, where, wearied and hungry, they often vainly sought for sufficient refreshments in the bakeries and groceries in the neighborhood before entering the cars for Washington City. One morning, the wife of a mechanic living near, commiserating the situation of some soldiers who had just arrived, went out with her coffee-pot and a cup, and distributed its contents among them. That generous hint was the germ of a wonderful system of relief for the pas
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 9: the Red River expedition. (search)
h about fifteen thousand effective men, was in Texas, his main body covering Galveston and Houston; Walker's division, about seven thousand strong, was on the Atchafalaya and Red River, from Opelousas to Fort de Russy; Mouton's division, numbering about six thousand men, was between the Black and Washita rivers, from Red River to Monroe; Frederick Steele. and Price, with a force of infantry estimated at five thousand, and of cavalry from seven to ten thousand, held the road from Monroe to Camden and Arkadelphia, in front of Steele. Magruder could spare ten thousand of his force to resist an attack from the east, leaving his fortifications on the coast well garrisoned, while Price could furnish at least an additional five thousand from the north, making, with those in the vicinity of the Red River, an army of from twenty-five to thirty thousand men — a force equal to any that could be brought against them, even with the most perfect unity and co-operation of commands. General Ban
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 17: Sherman's March through the Carolinas.--the capture of Fort Fisher. (search)
ntered the town, the cotton was in the streets. The cords and bagging of the bales, had been cut, and the white wool in tufts was flying about the city in the gale, like snow, lodging in the trees and on the sides and roofs of houses. Notwithstanding the high wind, some of the bales, especially a pile of them in the heart of the city, near the court-house, were already on fire when Sherman entered. The Fifteenth Corps passed through the city in the course of the day, and went out on the Camden road. The Seventeenth did not enter the town; and the left wing was not within two miles of it at any time. His troops, by great exertions, partially subdued the flames. See General Sherman's Report, April 4, 1865. They broke out again, with greater intensity, that night; and the, beautiful capital of South Carolina--the destined seat of Government of the prospective independent Confederate States of America --was laid in ruins in the course of a few hours. Among the public buildings th
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 18: capture of Fort Fisher, Wilmington, and Goldsboroa.--Sherman's March through the Carolinas.--Stoneman's last raid. (search)
on the Great Pedee River. The right wing, meanwhile, had broken up the railway from Columbia to. Winnsboroa, Major Nichols says that at Winnsboroa they found many refugees from Nashville, Vicksburg, Atlanta, Savannah, Charleston, and, later, Columbia, who never expected a Yankee army would come there. No place. was secure. then turned eastward and crossed the Catawba at Peay's Ferry, before the storm began. It also pushed on to the Pedee at Cheraw. This wing passed a little north of Camden, and thus swept over the region made famous by the contests of Rawdon and Cornwallis, with Greene and Gates, eighty-five years before. It was a most fatiguing march for the whole, army, for much of the country presented flooded swamps, especially in the region of Lynch's Creek, at which the left wing was detained. The right, wing crossed it at Young's, Tiller's, and Kelly's bridges. On the 2d of March the leading division of the Twentieth Corps reached Chesterfield, skirmishing there with
ommand of the New Orleans expedition, 2.324; expeditions sent out by from New Orleans, 2.530; superseded by Gen. Banks, 2.530; his plan for surprising Richmond, 3.287; co-operative movements of against Petersburg and Richmond, 3.317-3.324; his Fort Fisher expedition, 3.476-3.481. Butte à la Rose, capture of, 2.600. C. Cabinet, President Lincoln's, 1.295. Cairo, Union camps formed at, 1.472; designs of Gen, Pillow against, 2.71. Calhoun, John C., declaration of (note), 1.41. Camden, Ark., capture of by Gen. Steele, 3.270. Campbell, Judge J. A., his letter to Seward in relation to Fort Sumter, 1.304. Campbellville Station, Tenn., battle at, 3.156. Camp Dick Robinson, established in Kentucky by Wm. Nelson, 2.73. Camp Hamilton, Col. Duryee and Gen. Pierce at, 1.502. Camp Joe Holt, formed in Kentucky by Rousseau, 2.72. Camp Wild Cat, battle at, 2.89. Canal across the peninsula at Vicksburg, 2.584. Canal, flanking, at the siege of Island No.10, 2.243
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 42: Red River expedition.--continued. (search)
between the Black and Washita rivers, from Red River to Monroe, numbering 6,000; while Price, with two heavy divisions of infantry, estimated at 5,000, and a large cavalry force, estimated at from 7,000 to 10,000, held the country from Monroe to Camden and Arkadelphia, confronting Steele. Magruder could spare 10,000 of his force to resist an attack from the east, leaving his fortifications well garrisoned on the coast, while Price could furnish at least an additional 5,000 from the north, makices of Galveston Bay, Sabine Pass, and Sabine River; Fort De Russy, a formidable work, located three miles from Marksville, for the defence of the Red River, and extensive and formidable works at Trinity, the junction of the Tensas and Washita at Camden, commanding approaches from the north. To meet these forces of the enemy it was proposed to concentrate, in some general plan of operations, 15,000 of the troops under command of General Steele, a detachment of 10,000 from the command of Gener
s over the rapids Union loss of three vessels at Dunn's Bayou Texas coast nearly abandoned Banks retreats to Simmsport fight at Mansura Cotton operations on Red river Steele's advance from little Rock fight at Prairie d'anne Steele enters Camden Union disaster at Marks's Mills Steele retreats attacked by Kirby Smith at Jenkins's Ferry Rebels repulsed Steele, burning his trains, escapes to little Rock Gen. Carr worsts Shelby at St. Charles Col. Brooks fights Dobbins at Big Cree's available forces. April 16, I was informed, under date of the 10th, by Gen. Sherman, that Gen. Steele's entire force would cooperate with me and the navy. In May, I received information from Gen. Steele. dated April 28, that he could not leave Camden unless supplies were sent to him, as those of the country were exhausted; that we could not help each other operating on lines so wide apart; that he could not say definitely that he could join me at any point on Red river at any given time ; an
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