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H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia., Chapter 15: military Education—Military schools of France, Prussia, Austria, Russia, England, &c.—Washington's reasons for establishing the West point Academy.—Rules of appointment and Promotion in foreign Services.—Absurdity and injustice of our own system. (search)
of Zenta at thirty. four, and of Blenheim at forty-one. At the opening of the war of 1733, he again appeared at the head of the army at the advanced age of sixty-nine, but having lost the vigor and fire of youth, he effected nothing of importance. Peter the Great of Russia was proclaimed czar at ten years of age; at twenty he organized a large army and built several ships; at twenty-four he fought the Turks and captured Asoph; at twenty-eight he made war with Sweden; at thirty he entered Moscow in triumph after the victory of Embach, and the capture of Noteburg and Marienburg; at thirty-one he began the city of St. Petersburg; at thirty-nine he was defeated by the Turks and forced to ransom himself and army. His latter years were mostly devoted to civil and maritime affairs. He died at the age of fifty-five. Charles the XII. of Sweden ascended the throne at the age of fifteen, completed his first successful campaign against Denmark at eighteen, overthrew eighty thousand Russi
Charles Congdon, Tribune Essays: Leading Articles Contributing to the New York Tribune from 1857 to 1863. (ed. Horace Greeley), Alexander the Bouncer. (search)
tephens's volubility of untruths. If we might speak a little coarsely, being somewhat provoked, we would say that he lies like lightning. He told the Atalantese a succession of Munchausen stories — how Maryland had resolved to a man to stand by the South --how all the public buildings in Washington have been mined for the purpose of destroying them --how an attempt had been made to burn the whole city of Norfolk --how only the interposition of Providence prevented a second conflagration of Moscow. All these agreeable and ingenious fictions and Fernando-Mendez-Pinto-ish recreations were strangely diversified by strong threads of piety and patronizing allusions to the Deity, complimentary observations on Providence, with little prayers here and there interpolated. In fine, a more curious olla of a speech we, who have read many speeches, do not remember. So having finished — that is, having exhausted his invention — the Vice President went to bed to dream in a good, improving, orthod<
Charles Congdon, Tribune Essays: Leading Articles Contributing to the New York Tribune from 1857 to 1863. (ed. Horace Greeley), Drawing it mild in Memphis. (search)
emphis; in which he may teach them that the grace of submission is better than bowieknives and barkers, and a stern stoicism infinitely preferable to peach-brandy and peppermint. There are wild ones in Secessia who clearly need. this medical indoctrination and sagely sanative treatment. There are ferocious old fools, and young ones there, who talk with maniac energy of dying in the last ditch; who prattle grimly of the combustion of themselves and of their cotton; who itch to make a new Moscow of Memphis — who conceive it to be quite necessary, should worst come to worst, to blow up the universe generally, and to put an end to themselves, playing Cato of Utica with a real sword, in particular. These perturbed spirits need laying, or they will do themselves a mischief. For our part, unless the new Memphis philosophy can be brought into high fashion, we look for an unpleasant superfluity of arson and suicide in Confederate regions-squads of disgusted chevaliers popping themselves
Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Chapter XXII: Operations in Kentucky, Tennessee, North Mississippi, North Alabama, and Southwest Virginia. March 4-June 10, 1862. (ed. Lieut. Col. Robert N. Scott), April 29-June 10, 1862.-advance upon and siege of Corinth, and pursuit of the Confederate forces to Guntown, Miss. (search)
the evacuation of Fort Pillow, &c., June 3-5. containing General Beauregard's instructions for the guidance of General Villepigue in evacuating Fort Pillow. According to the best information had by General Bragg when I left Tupelo, July 4, Pope's command of 30,000 men remained at Corinth and in its vicinity. Buell had crossed the Tennessee River with 25,000 men. General Sherman had 12,000 men (two divisions) at Grand Junction, supported by reserves of 10,000 more at Jackson, Bethel, and Moscow. General Fitch had gone down the Mississippi with a brigade from Memphis, and Wallace remained there with some force. General Bragg had not determined his plan of action. He proposed to avail himself of the railroad to advance immediately 22 miles to Baldwin. He deliberated between attacking at Corinth and leaving that army behind to cross the Tennessee and attack Buell. The danger of the latter plan was, being assailed while crossing and the small chance of being able to obtain the
te, present and absent, of 43,648. Getty's Division was composed largely of veteran regiments which had served previously in the Ninth Corps. Seventh Corps. (Department of Arkansas.) Arkadelphia Okalona Elkin's Ford Praipie D'ann Moscow Camden Poison Springs marks' Mills Jenkins' Ferry. As a result of the juggling with corps numbers by the Washington authorities, there occurs another duplication of titles. This corps was organized Jan. 6, 1864, and was formed by the consiss. Grierson's Raid Graysville, Ga. Chickamauga, Ga. Carter's Station, Tenn. Murfreesboro Road, Tenn. Farmington, Tenn. Blue Springs, Tenn. Byhalia, Miss. Wyatt's Ford, Miss. Maysville, Ala. Blountsville, Tenn. Sweetwater, Tenn. Moscow, Tenn. Cleveland, Tenn. Ripley, Miss. Salisbury, Tenn. Bean's Station, Tenn. Morristown, Tenn. Mossy Creek, Tenn. Dandridge, Tenn. Fair Gardens, Tenn. Arkadelphia, Ark. Camden, Ark. Prairie D'ann, Ark. Jenkins' Ferry, Ark. Natchitoches,
. battles. K. & M. W. battles. K. & M. W. Monroe, Mo., July 11, 1861 1 Siege of Vicksburg, Miss. 5 Kirkville, Mo., Aug. 20, 1861 1 Jackson, Miss. 36 Shelbyville, Mo., Sept. 2, 1861 1 Canton, Miss. 1 Blue Mills, Mo., Sept. 17, 1861 11 Atlanta, Ga., July 21, 1864 3 Shiloh, Tenn. 40 Atlanta, Ga., July 22, 1864 16 Metamora, Miss. 7 Ezra Chapel, Ga. 1 Greenville, Miss. 1 Siege of Atlanta, Ga. 3 Present, also, at Corinth, Miss.; Bolivar, Miss.; Middleburg, Miss.; Moscow, Tenn.; Resaca, Ga.; Kenesaw, Ga. notes.--Organized at Keokuk, Iowa, in June, 1861. It served in Missouri for several months, during which time the regiment had a sharp fight at Blue Mills with a superior force under the Confederate General Atchison. The Third was alone in this fight, and behaved with great gallantry, capturing a piece of artillery. In the spring of 1862, it joined Grant's Army in the advance up the Tennessee River, and was engaged at Shiloh. It was then in Williams's Br
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 1, chapter 12 (search)
une and first half of July, I had my own and Hurlbut's divisions about Grand Junction, Lagrange, Moscow, and Lafayette, building railroad-trestles and bridges, fighting off cavalry detachments coming tachments at Grand Junction and Lagrange, and to march for Holly Springs. I left detachments at Moscow and Lafayette, and, with about four thousand men, marched for the same point. Hurlbut and I metday, July 6th, I got a telegraph order from General Halleck, of July 2d, sent me by courier from Moscow, not to attempt to hold Holly Springs, but to fall back and protect the railroad. We accordingly marched back twenty-five miles--Hurlbut to Lagrange, and I to Moscow. The enemy had no infantry nearer than the Tallahatchee bridge, but their cavalry was saucy and active, superior to ours, and I on of General Halleck also indicated that something had gone wrong, and, on the 16th of July, at Moscow, I received a dispatch from him, announcing that he had been summoned to Washington, which lie s
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, chapter 21 (search)
ason. He denounced General Jos. Johnston and Governor Brown as little better than traitors; attributed to them personally the many misfortunes which had befallen their cause, and informed the soldiers that now the tables were to be turned; that General Forrest was already on our roads in Middle Tennessee; and that Hood's army would soon be there. He asserted that the Yankee army would have to retreat or starve, and that the retreat would prove more disastrous than was that of Napoleon from Moscow. He promised his Tennessee and Kentucky soldiers that their feet should soon tread their native soil, etc., etc. He made no concealment of these vainglorious boasts, and thus gave us the full key to his future designs. To be forewarned was to be forearmed, and I think we took full advantage of the occasion. On the 26th I received this dispatch: City Point, Virginia, September 26, 1864--10 A. M. Major-General Sherman, Atlanta: It will be better to drive Forrest out of Middle Ten
William Tecumseh Sherman, Memoirs of General William T. Sherman ., volume 2, chapter 22 (search)
very glad that General Grant has changed his mind about embarking my troops for James River, leaving me free to make the broad swath you describe through South and North Carolina, and still more gratified at the news from Thomas, in Tennessee, because it fulfills my plans, which contemplated his being able to dispose of Hood, in case he ventured north of the Tennessee River. So, I think, on the whole, I can chuckle over Jeff. Davis's disappointment in not turning my Atlanta campaign into a Moscow disaster. I have just finished a long letter to General Grant, and have explained to him that we are engaged in shifting our base from the Ogeechee to the Savannah River, dismantling all the forts made by the enemy to bear upon the salt-wlater channels, transferring the heavy ordnance, etc., to Fort Pulaski and Hilton Head, and in remodeling the enemy's interior lines to suit our future plans and purposes. I have also laid down the programme for a campaign which I can make this winter, a
e the policy, after war is declared, of allowing our country to suffer the ravages of war, and to wait on our enemies to make their attack and ravages how they please. If the six hundred troops who fled from Alexandria had imitated the brave spirit of its single defender, and had laid it in ashes rather than have surrendered it, Virginia and the South would have been in a very different position this day. Let us give over the silly idea of a war without destruction, and like the Russians of Moscow, give our enemies desolation instead of submission as the fruit of their victories. By assuming the position of the defensive, we have lost Maryland, endangered Missouri, neutralized Kentucky, and are now making Virginia our battle-field. Is this wise statesmanship? Is it efficient generalship? Fabian tactics are out of place. We trust the war policy of the South is about to become aggressive and efficient. It is time, and we are glad to see that our gallant Commander-in-Chief, after
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