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ough to all of the twelve months volunteers who should enlist for the war. Although the entire army accepted these terms and re-enlisted, only a few thousands were permitted to depart at a time. But although this movement was known to McClellan, he did not know that for every man going home on furlough, a regiment travelled on the same train towards Culpeper Court-House and our lines on the Rappahannock River. In fact, McClellan was quietly maturing plans for the surprise and capture of Centreville and Manassas, when Johnston suddenly gave orders for a general retreat, and all our army began to move rapidly southward. This retreat was certainly one of the finest things of the war and the brilliancy of its, design and execution presaged a glorious summer campaign. Se perfectly were all things arranged and so quietly performed, that all stores, baggage, sick, materiel, and guns were removed far to the rear before any of us could realize the possibility of retreat; and it was not
, would have monopolized all our attention; but several broke in with their individual experience, and leaving others to decide what is, and what is not, imagination, told some very amusing and occasionally tragical stories regarding its power and its effects. When the fight at Manassas had terminated, said Adjutant Flint, being then in the ranks, I was detailed as one of a burying party, and was out all night and most of the following day. As our regiment had been engaged near Centreville, I was hunting along the slopes for any poor fellow who required assistance, when my attention was called to moans in the bushes near by. I called some comrades, and began to seek for the sufferer. We found him leaning against a tree, near which a shell had exploded-his countenance was ghastly pale, and he rolled his eyes apparently in great torture. What's the matter, Lieutenant? I asked; but he groaned and fell on his face. What can we do for you? inquired another. Oh leave me to
lars for the arrest of the murderers of his slave-boy Joe Another boy ran away from our regiment, and crossed over to the enemy; he found how things were, and returned across the river to Dixie again, under a shower of bullets. These are not solitary instances. Examples as much to the point as these might be cited by all. Major Walton, Chief of the Washington (New-Orleans) Artillery Corps, had a boy who ran away, said another, and the rogue informed the enemy how things stood at Centreville during the winter months of 1861 and 1862. His description of our batteries was pretty accurate as to name and number, but when he attempted to describe their positions and bearings, his, head was at fault. I know an instance of a boy who ran from the Eighteenth Mississippi, just before Manassas, July, 1861. He was recaptured during the engagement; for the Yankees putting him in the front, together with other run-aways, made him very uneasy, so he slipped into our lines again, but was
place his corps in a naturally strong position which was parallel with the enemy's line of retreat along the roads to Centreville, his right being stretched in the direction of Thoroughfare Gap to keep open communication with the main army, which wmmands they severally belonged to; from whom it appeared that Heintzelman was moving against our left under Ewell near Centreville; Sigel was operating against the centre under Jackson; and Porter, with his regulars and powerful artillery, was opposhowever, that the true object of the Federal attack was to extricate their left somewhat, and to push their right into Centreville, so as to keep open communication with Washington and Alexandria for the receipt of reenforcements and supplies; of whf brick-small arms, cannon, and long lines of dead were on every hand, and yet the fight continued in the direction of Centreville very warmly. The enemy were simply fighting to secure their retreat, so that at evening when the firing slackened, an
uth than General Halleck, for when General Sumner and others joined him near Centreville with twenty thousand men, Pope said they had arrived too late, and would barour assault upon our centre succeeded as well, we should never have reached Centreville alive. Sigel behaved like a hero there, and so did McDowell; had they not rf by our forces. This was incorrect, for he joined Pope on the march from Centreville, but lost much of his baggage, as usual. The various brooks and streams wereon on the left flank of the retreating enemy, and Lee began his advance upon Centreville. Little opposition was met with, and we followed on as rapidly as prudence ions. It was said that a heavy force under Johnston was between Fairfax and Centreville, watching the enemy's movement round Arlington Heights and Alexandria; and e Manassas route, while Lee was far away, their progress would be stopped at Centreville by heavy earthworks and batteries, which had been hurriedly thrown up there
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., McDowell's advance to Bull Run. (search)
g south-easterly, is about half-way between Centreville and Manassas Junction, and, owing to its ab1862. McDowell was compelled to wait at Centreville until his provision wagons arrived and he cad halted and bivouacked on the roads about Centreville. Notwithstanding Beauregard's elation overand 20th the bivouacs of McDowell's army at Centreville, almost within cannon range of the enemy, we of artillery was to remain in reserve at Centreville, prepare defensive works there and threaten to Bull Run, but the day before we reached Centreville the kilts were the cause of his drawing upoiform of Blenker's 8th New York volunteers. Centreville, they had walked about 25 miles. That nightision, covered the retreat of the army from Centreville, which he describes as follows: in this posceived orders to advance upon the road from Centreville to Warrenton. This order was executed with ready to repel any attack on the road from Centreville to Fairfax Court House, Annandale to Washin[17 more...]
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., Responsibilities of the first Bull Run. (search)
od the roads leading to the enemy's camp at Centreville from the different parts of our line south 8 brigades were on the right of the line to Centreville, and but 1 to the left of it at a distance t 4 brigades were directed to the attack of Centreville, of which one and a half had not yet arrivewere to move forward to the Union Mills and Centreville road, there to hold themselves in readinesst object. General McDowell marched from Centreville by the Warrenton Turnpike with three divisiore 5, when the retreat of the enemy toward Centreville began, I sent orders to Brigadier-General Bour right, so that troops of ours, going to Centreville then, if not prevented by the Federal divisal Ewell's part than making the movement to Centreville. A brief passage in my official report 464): Soon thereafter, the army withdrew to Centreville, a better position for defense, but not forvious chapter, the retreat of our army from Centreville has been described, and reference has been [8 more...]
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., chapter 12.47 (search)
s, on the 26th of January, ordered to proceed at once to report to General A. S. Johnston at Bowling Green, Kentucky, and thence as promptly as possible to assume my new command at Columbus, which, said my orders, is threatened by a powerful force, and the defense of which is of vital importance. Dispatching Colonel Thomas Jordan, my chief of staff, to Richmond, with a view to secure from the War Department certain aids to the proper organization of the troops I was to command, I left Centreville on the 2d of February and reached Bowling Green about the 5th. General Johnston, whom I had never seen before, welcomed me to his department with a cordiality and earnestness that made a deep impression on me at the time. As he informed me, General Buell's army, fully 75,000 strong, was on the line of Bacon Creek, on the Louisville and Nashville railroad, about 40 miles from Bowling Green. General Grant had about 20,000 men in hand at or about Cairo, ready to move either upon Fort Henry
ts, who had been posted about a mile outside the village towards Centreville, came in at full gallop, reporting the enemy's cavalry in close infantry commenced now to march off quietly in the direction of Centreville, turning afterwards towards the Stone Bridge and Sudley's Mill, been laid in ashes, we followed the route of our retreat towards Centreville. In the confusion of the moment, and the increasing darkness of, so we bivouacked in a small pine grove in the neighbourhood of Centreville, which place had already been passed by the greater portion of ostruggle, was driven entirely from the field, retreating towards Centreville in great confusion, leaving behind them many thousands of dead, d horsemen had continued their flight into the fortifications of Centreville. Our loss was comparatively small in killed, consisting mostly rned that the army of General Pope had made a halt in and around Centreville. I was now asked by General Stuart to ride over to Jackson's he
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, The Passing of the Armies: The Last Campaign of the Armies., Military order of the Loyal Legion of the United States: headquarters Commandery of the State of Maine. (search)
has never failed of recognition by any military student or historian of the battle. In the shades of evening Chamberlain was ordered to take possession of Great Round Top and he skilfully carried out the order. Soon after Gettysburg, General Chamberlain was assigned by General Griffin to the command of the 3d brigade, 2d division of the 5th corps, and was retained in it for a long time in spite of attempts to replace him by some general officer. He took part in the Culpepper and Centreville campaign and at Rappahannock Station his horse was shot under him. A severe malarial fever culminated in such prostration that he was sent to Washington for treatment in November, 1863. When recovered sufficiently to perform the duty he was assigned by the Secretary of War to service on an important court-martial sitting in Washington. His efforts to go to the front were not successful until after the Wilderness. He resumed command of his brigade and half an hour after he was order
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