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and occupied Smoots' and Maxwell's hills, a mile and a half east of Lewinsville. The batteries were drawn up in prominent positions, and the infantry placed in situations to support them. After remaining about three hours waiting in vain for the rebels to make an attack — in fact, inviting them to it — the skirmishers advanced and occupied Lewinsville, the rebels retreating. A portion of the troops under Brigadier-General Porter also advanced and occupied Miner's Hill, to the right of Fall's Church, and commanding that village and Barrel's Hill, which latter was in possession of rebel pickets. General McClellan and staff, accompanied by Captain Barker's McClellan Dragoons, crossed Chain Bridge early this morning, spending the whole day in reconnoissance from the new positions taken by the Federal troops. The ship John Clark, anchored in Lynn Haven Bay, having dragged her anchor in a storm to within a mile and a half of the shore, was opened upon by a rebel battery of five gun
October 15. The United States steamer Roanoke took possession of the ship Thomas Watson, which, in the attempt to run the blockade at Charleston, had got on Stono reef and was abandoned by the captain and crew. She was laden with an assorted cargo, which, with the ship, was thought to be worth about a hundred thousand dollars. She was burned.--N. Y. Herald, Oct. 24. The Confederates burned the house of the widow Childs, situated about half way between Falls Church and Lewinsville, Va., to the right of the Leesburg turnpike. A party of ten of the New York Fourteenth regiment went thither to ascertain the cause of the conflagration, when they were surrounded by a largely superior force of Confederates, but by the prompt use of their rifles, killing two of the enemy, they escaped.--The naval fleet which left New York on Monday arrived in Hampton Roads this day, and created a great excitement among the troops, owing to the extensive character of the expedition. A flag of tru
order a special election for Members of Congress; the sixth gives to the Governor authority to make temporary appointments to official vacancies. The Convention adjourned, subject to the call of the President. Governor Taylor issued his proclamation for an election in the Second Congressional District, which will be held on Wednesday, the 27th inst.--(Doc. 173.) A portion of the Fourteenth regiment N. Y. S. M., from Brooklyn, while on picket duty about a mile and a half west of Fall's Church, Va., were attacked by rebel cavalry and forced to fall back, with one man wounded. They were subsequently reinforced by a considerable body of troops, when the rebels retired, with a loss of several killed and wounded.--N. Y. Times, November 19. Gov. Buckingham, of Connecticut, in a general order, congratulated the soldiers from that State who went with the Port Royal naval expedition, for having been the first to land upon the traitorous soil of South Carolina.--N. Y. Times, Novembe
om Captain Bell, was the arrival at Gen. Porter's Headquarters this afternoon of an orderly, with the intelligence that the squadron had met the enemy in considerable force — said to be five hundred cavalry and two hundred infantry — and that our men had engaged them and suffered much. Upon learning this, General Porter in person, with a force of four regiments of infantry and two companies of cavalry, started to the rescue of Captain Bell's party, and met them a short distance beyond Fall's Church, on their return. Captain Bell reports that they proceeded a short distance beyond Vienna, when they encountered the rebel cavalry that General Wadsworth designed to cut off. The party were defiling through a tract of woods only wide enough for the column to march by twos. The first indication of the presence of the enemy was the opening of a galling fire upon the rear of his column, just entering the wood, by a body of infantry concealed in a house near at land. Captain Bell orde
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 22: the War on the Potomac and in Western Virginia. (search)
oceeded cautiously in cars and on trucks in the direction of Vienna. Detachments were left at different points along the road, one of which was the village of Falls Church, which became a famous locality during the earlier years of the war. When the train approached Vienna, only four companies, comprising less than three hundred tured a quantity of stores. When they ascertained that the National troops were not in force in that vicinity, they returned and took possession of Vienna and Falls Church Village. On that occasion, the flag of the Sovereign State of South Carolina The flag was composed of blue silk, with a golden Palmetto-tree on a white ovotomac flotilla, was with the Freeborn, his flagship, below this point, when information of the presence of an insurgent force on the promontory reached him. Falls Church in 1865. this is a view of the ancient Church which gives the name to the village, mentioned on page 526, as it appeared when the writer visited and sketche
could ever again be cultivated. The Northerners bought up the run-out farms, and immediately began to renovate the soil. Fertility reappeared — the wilderness began to blossom as the rose. Virginia farmers began to see that there was still some hope for their lands, and immediately commenced to imitate and emulate their Northern neighbors. The result is a beautiful and fertile country — fertile and beautiful, too, in exact proportion to the preponderance of Northern population. At Falls Church, seven miles from Alexandria, where a colony of Northern farmers settled, land is higher now than in any other part of the county at the same distance from the city. The Northerners first introduced guano, now so usefully employed in redeeming and fertilizing the farms in this State. This is the uniform testimony of every one, white or black, that I talked with. The Virginians have a good deal yet to learn from the Northern farmer. I saw a large farm — of some two or three hundr<
whose quiet was broken only by a brisk dash into and through the village of Fairfax Court-House by Lieut. C. H. Tompins, of the 2d regular cavalry--resulting in a loss of six on either side — and by an ambuscade at Vienna. Late on Monday, June 17th, Gen. Robert C. Schenck, under orders from Gen. McDowell, left camp near Alexandria, with 700 of Col. McCook's 1st Ohio, on a railroad train, and proceeded slowly up the track toward Leesburg, detaching and stationing two companies each at Fall's Church and at two road-crossings as he proceeded. He was nearing Vienna, thirteen miles from Alexandria, with four remaining companies, numbering 275 men, utterly unsuspicious of danger, when, on emerging from a cut and turning a curve, eighty rods from the village, his train was raked by a masked battery of two guns, hastily planted by Col. Gregg, Afterward, Gen. Maxey Gregg; Governor elect of South Carolina; killed at Fredericksburg. who had been for two or three days scouting along our f
c.   59 59 Died in Confederate prisons   10 10   Totals 8 223 231     Battles. Killed. Wounded. Includes the mortally wounded. Missing. Includes the captured. Total. First Bull Run, Va. 23 74 45 142 Falls Church, Va. 2 3 10 15 Rappahannock Station, Va. 2 6 1 9 Manassas, Va. 7 72 41 120 South Mountain, Md. 5 15 8 28 Antietam, Md. 6 21   27 Fredericksburg, Va. 1 4   5 Fitz Hugh's Crossing, Va. 2 21   23 Gettysburg, Pa. 13 105 99 217 0 11   11 11   Totals 14 147 161 1 98 99 1,655 Total of killed and wounded, 565; died in Confederate prisons (previously included), 21. battles. K. & M. W. battles. K. & M. W. Picket, Va., Sept. 21, 1861 1 Antietam, Md. 37 Falls Church, Va. 3 Fredericksburg, Va. (1862) 9 Poolesville, Md. 1 Fredericksburg, Va. (1863) 1 Ball's Bluff, Va. 34 Gettysburg, Pa. 24 Fair Oaks, Va. 5 Mine Run, Va. 1 Picket, Va., June 3, 1862 1 Wilderness, Va. 5 Picket, Va., June 8,
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Letters. (search)
rs. Very respectfully, Your obedient servant, J. E. Johnston, General. Headquarters Department of Northern Virginia, Centreville, February 7, 1862. To the Hon. J. P. Benjamin, Secretary of War. Sir: I had the honor to receive your letter of the 3d instant by the last mail. On the 2d instant, I sent Lieutenant-Colonel Harrison, Virginia cavalry, with a proposition to Major-General McClellan for an exchange of prisoners of war. That officer was stopped by the enemy's pickets near Falls Church, and his dispatches carried to Brigadier-General Wadsworth at Arlington. That officer informed Lieutenant-Colonel Harrison that they were promptly forwarded to General McClellan. He waited for the answer until yesterday, when, being informed by Brigadier-General Wadsworth that he could form no opinion as to the time when it might be expected, he returned. On receiving your letter in reply to mine, in relation to reenlistments, I directed your orders on that subject to be carried int
march we did what was possible to cover the rear of the column then scattered on the road. Two miles or less this side of Vienna, Col. Cook, with the main body of his regiment, turned upon the road leading to the Chain Bridge over the Potomac, thinking it might be a better way, and at the same time afford, by the presence of a large and organized body, protection to any stragglers that might have taken that route. Lieutenant-Colonel Mason, with the Second Ohio, marched in by the way of Fall's Church and Camp Upton. The return of the Ohio regiments to Washington was made necessary by the fact that their term of service having expired, they are at once to be sent home, to be mustered out of service. Not having been able to obtain yet complete or satisfactory returns of all the casualties in the battle, in the different corps of my brigade, I shall reserve the list of them for a separate report, which I will furnish as soon as practicable. I am very respectfully, Your obedien
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